School Breakfast Program


To assist States in implementing a nutritious nonprofit breakfast service for school children, through meal reimbursements and food donations.

General information about this opportunity
Last Known Status
Program Number
Federal Agency/Office
Food and Nutrition Service, Department of Agriculture
Type(s) of Assistance Offered
A - Formula Grants
Program Accomplishments
Fiscal Year 2016 Approximately 2.45 billion breakfasts were served in FY 2016, slightly more than the 2.33 billion breakfasts served in FY 2015.
Fiscal Year 2017 2.41 billion breakfasts served.
Fiscal Year 2021 The total number of breakfasts served in FY 2021 is 1.06 billion.
Fiscal Year 2022 The total number of breakfasts served in FY 2022 was 2.59 billion.
Fiscal Year 2023 The total number of breakfasts served in FY 2023 is projected to be 2.74 billion.
Fiscal Year 2024 Projected breakfasts to be served in FY 2024 is 2.61 billion
Child Nutrition Act of 1966, as amended, 42 U.S.C. 1773, 1779, 1793
Who is eligible to apply/benefit from this assistance?
Applicant Eligibility
States, including the District of Columbia and U.S. Territories, as applicable, may apply to administer the SBP and work in collaboration with public and nonprofit private schools and other institutions for children, such as public and nonprofit private residential child care institutions. All participating schools and institutions must agree to serve free and reduced price meals to eligible children, and operate a nonprofit meal service that is available to all children regardless of race, sex (including gender identity and sexual orientation), color, national origin, age, or disability.
Beneficiary Eligibility
All children attending schools where this program is operating may receive nutrition benefits, which are determined based on the household income and size. Breakfast is served free to children who are determined by the local education agency to have household income levels at or below 130 percent, and at a reduced price to children from households with incomes higher than 130 but at or below 185 percent of the Federal poverty line. Paid breakfast is served to children who are not eligible for free and reduced-price meals. The Secretary prescribes the income eligibility guidelines for free and reduced-price meals by July 1. These guidelines are revised annually according to the Federal Income Poverty Guidelines. Children from households certified to receive benefits through the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), Food Distribution Program on Indian Reservations, or Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, and children in Head Start programs are automatically eligible for free meals. Homeless children, children in certain runaway and homeless youth grant programs, migrant children, and foster children are automatically eligible for free meals. All reimbursable meals served under the SBP at the free, reduced-price, and paid categories get cash assistance.
Applicant organizations must furnish evidence of nonprofit status. Costs will be determined in accordance with USDA Uniform Federal Assistance Regulations.
What is the process for applying and being award this assistance?
Pre-Application Procedure
Preapplication coordination is required. This program is eligible for coverage under E.O. 12372, "Intergovernmental Review of Federal Programs." An applicant should consult the office or official designated as the single point of contact in his or her State for more information on the process the State requires to be followed in applying for assistance, if the State has selected the program for review. An applicant should consult the office or official designated as the single point of contact in his or her State for more information on the process the State requires to be followed in applying for assistance, if the State has selected the program for review.
Application Procedure
2 CFR 200, Uniform Administrative Requirements, Cost Principles, and Audit Requirements for Federal Awards applies to this program. Schools in all States apply to the State education agency, unless the State is approved for a waiver to designate an alternate agency. Appropriate forms may be obtained from the administering agency.
Award Procedure
The State agency reviews the written application submitted by a school food authority/school or a residential child care institution and, upon determination of eligibility, makes a written agreement with the school or institution for participation in the program.
Contact the headquarters or regional location, as appropriate for application deadlines
Approval/Disapproval Decision Time
Effective upon approval by the State Agency.
Not applicable.
Permanent, amended as necessary.
How are proposals selected?
Not applicable.
How may assistance be used?
Federally appropriated School Breakfast Program funds are available to each State agency to reimburse participating public and nonprofit private schools, of high school grade and under, including residential child care institutions, for providing nutritious breakfasts to eligible children. The breakfasts offered must meet the nutritional requirements prescribed by the Secretary of Agriculture in order to be reimbursable. The rates of reimbursement are adjusted on an annual basis to reflect changes in the Food Away From Home series of the Consumer Price Index for all Urban Consumers. All participating schools must agree to serve free and reduced price meals to eligible children. Please refer to regulations: 7 CFR Part 220 -- School Breakfast Program; 7 CFR Part 235 -- State Administrative Expense; 7 CFR Part 245 -- Free and Reduced Price Eligibility.
What are the requirements after being awarded this opportunity?
Not applicable.
In accordance with the provisions of 2 CFR 200, Subpart F - Audit Requirements, nonfederal entities that expend financial assistance of $750,000 or more in Federal awards will have a single or a program-specific audit conducted for that year. Non-Federal entities that expend less than $750,000 a year in Federal awards are exempt from Federal audit requirements for that year, except as noted in 2 CFR 200.503
Schools must maintain full and accurate records of their breakfast programs. Such records must be retained for a period of 3 years after the end of the fiscal year to which they pertain, except that if audit findings have not been resolved, records must be retained beyond the 3-year period until audit findings have been resolved.
Other Assistance Considerations
Formula and Matching Requirements
Statutory formula is not applicable to this assistance listing.

Matching requirements are not applicable to this assistance listing.

MOE requirements are not applicable to this assistance listing.
Length and Time Phasing of Assistance
For the period covered by the agreement on a fiscal year basis. Method of awarding/releasing assistance: Letter.
Who do I contact about this opportunity?
Regional or Local Office
See the Food and Nutrition Service Regional Offices at
Headquarters Office
Melissa Rothstein
1320 Braddock Place
Alexandria, VA 22314 US
Phone: 703-305-2054
Website Address
Financial Information
Account Identification
(Formula Grants) FY 22$6,370,000,000.00; FY 23 est $5,000,000,000.00; FY 24 est $6,045,213,000.00; FY 21$2,349,000,000.00; FY 20$4,831,384,000.00; FY 19$4,816,238,000.00; FY 18$4,807,380,000.00; FY 17$4,385,502,000.00; FY 16$4,241,537,000.00; -
Range and Average of Financial Assistance
State grants vary according to participation in this program.
Regulations, Guidelines and Literature
PProgram regulations are codified at 7 CFR Part 220, and 7 CFR 245 for free and reduced price meal eligibility. Other information is on the FNS Web site at
Examples of Funded Projects
Not applicable.