School Breakfast Program


To assist States in providing a nutritious nonprofit breakfast service for school children, through cash grants and food donations.

General information about this opportunity
Last Known Status
Program Number
Federal Agency/Office
Agency: Department of Agriculture
Office: Food and Nutrition Service
Type(s) of Assistance Offered
Formula Grants (Apportionments)
Program Accomplishments
Fiscal Year 2014: The program was available to 93.3 percent of the students enrolled in schools participating in the lunch program in FY 2014, as compared to 50 percent in FY 1990. Average daily participation in FY 2014 was 13.5 million, an increase of approximately 2.3 percent from the prior year. The proportion of total meals served free or at a reduced price was about 84.8 percent during FY 2014. Approximately 2.25 billion breakfasts were served in FY 2014, an increase of 1.4 percent over FY 2013. This is an increase of 219% from 0.71 billion in FY 1990. Fiscal Year 2015: No Current Data Available Fiscal Year 2016: No Current Data Available
Child Nutrition Act of 1966, as amended, 42 U.S.C. 1773, 1779, 1793, Public Laws 104-193, 100-435, 99-661, 97-35. American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, Public Law 111-5. School Breakfast Expansion Grants are authorized by the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 as amended, 42 U.S.C. 1793.
Who is eligible to apply/benefit from this assistance?
Applicant Eligibility
State and U.S. Territory agencies (except territories subject to the requirements to the Compact of Free Association); public and nonprofit private schools of high school grade and under; public and nonprofit private residential child care institutions, except Job Corps centers. All schools that participate must agree to serve free and reduced price meals to eligible children, and operate a nonprofit breakfast program that is available to all children regardless of race, sex, color, national origin, age, or disability.
Beneficiary Eligibility
All children attending schools where this program is operating may participate. Breakfast is served free to children who are determined by local education agencies to have household income levels at or below 130 percent, and at a reduced price to children from households with incomes higher than 130 but at or below 185 percent of the Federal poverty line, respectively. Meals served to non-needy children also get cash assistance. Such determinations are made in accordance with income eligibility guidelines prescribed by the Secretary of Agriculture and cross reference household income with household size. The Secretary prescribes these income eligibility guidelines by July 1. The statistical source used in making such revisions is the Federal Income Poverty Guidelines.
Children from households certified to receive benefits through the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), Food Distribution Program on Indian Reservations, or Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, and children in Head Start programs are automatically eligible for free meals. Homeless children, children in certain runaway and homeless youth grant programs, migrant children, and foster children are automatically eligible for free meals.
Applicant organizations must furnish evidence of nonprofit status. Costs will be determined in accordance with USDA Uniform Federal Assistance Regulations (7 CFR Part 3015 or 3016 and 3019). 2 CFR 200, Subpart E - Cost Principles applies to this program.
What is the process for applying and being award this assistance?
Pre-Application Procedure
Preapplication coordination is required. Environmental impact information is not required for this program. This program is eligible for coverage under E.O. 12372, "Intergovernmental Review of Federal Programs." An applicant should consult the office or official designated as the single point of contact in his or her State for more information on the process the State requires to be followed in applying for assistance, if the State has selected the program for review.
Application Procedure
2 CFR 200, Uniform Administrative Requirements, Cost Principles, and Audit Requirements for Federal Awards applies to this program. Public schools in all States make application to the State education agency unless the State applies or is approved for a waiver to designate an alternate agency. Appropriate forms may be obtained from this agency. Nonprofit private schools should also apply to the State education agency in most States. In some States, however, the State education agency is prohibited by statute from disbursing Federal funds to nonprofit private schools. In such instances, the application will be referred to the alternate State agency or the appropriate Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) regional office.
Award Procedure
When an application is approved, the school makes a written agreement with the appropriate agency.
Contact the headquarters or regional office, as appropriate, for application deadlines.
Approval/Disapproval Decision Time
Effective upon approval by the State Agency.
The State agency is responsible for determining a school's eligibility.
Permanent, amended as necessary.
How are proposals selected?
Not Applicable.
How may assistance be used?
Federally appropriated School Breakfast Program funds are available to each State agency to reimburse participating public and nonprofit private schools, of high school grade and under, including residential child care institutions, for breakfasts meeting the nutritional requirements prescribed by the Secretary of Agriculture, served to eligible children. The rates of reimbursement are adjusted on an annual basis to reflect changes in the Food Away From Home series of the Consumer Price Index for all Urban Consumers. All participating schools must agree to serve free and reduced price meals to eligible children. Please refer to regulations: 7 CFR Part 210 -- National School Lunch Program; 7 CFR Part 215 -- Special Milk Program;7 CFR Part 220 -- School Breakfast Program; 7 CFR Part 235 -- State Administrative Expense; 7 CFR Part 245 -- Free and Reduced Price Eligibility.
What are the requirements after being awarded this opportunity?
State Agencies, schools, and institutions file monthly reports on the number of meals served, by type, to claim program funds. Schools and institutions must submit final meal claims to the State no later than 60 days after claiming month. States must submit final program reports to FNS no later than 90 days after the claiming month. No cash reports are required. No progress reports are required. States must submit a final fiscal year grant closeout report to FNS no later than 120 days after the end of the fiscal year to which they pertain. Performance monitoring is not applicable.
In accordance with the provisions of 2 CFR 200, Subpart F - Audit Requirements, non-Federal entities that expend financial assistance of $750,000 or more in Federal awards will have a single or a program-specific audit conducted for that year. Non-Federal entities that expend less than $750,000 a year in Federal awards are exempt from Federal audit requirements for that year, except as noted in 2 CFR 200.503.
Schools must maintain full and accurate records of their breakfast programs. Such records must be retained for a period of 3 years after the end of the fiscal year to which they pertain, except that if audit findings have not been resolved, records must be retained beyond the 3-year period until audit findings have been resolved.
Other Assistance Considerations
Formula and Matching Requirements
Statutory Formula: The funding formula for cash assistance is set forth in section 4 of the Child Nutrition Act, 42 U.S.C. 1773, on a performance basis by: (1) multiplying the number of paid breakfasts served to eligible children during the fiscal year by a National Average Payment (NAP) prescribed by the Secretary of Agriculture; (2) multiplying the number of breakfasts served free to eligible children by a NAP prescribed by the Secretary for free breakfasts; and, (3) multiplying the number of reduced price breakfasts served to eligible children by a NAP prescribed by the Secretary for reduced priced breakfasts. The amount of Federal funds given the grantee is the sum of the products obtained from these three computations.
Schools with a high percentage of needy may receive additional payments. The statistical factors used in this formula are: (1) The NAPs; (2) the number of paid breakfasts served; and (3) the number of breakfasts served free or at reduced price to eligible children. The NAPs are prescribed by the Secretary and adjusted each July 1, in accordance with the Food Away From Home series of the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers. The source of this adjustment factor is the Bureau of Labor Statistics. The source of the numbers of breakfasts served, including the number served free or at reduced price, is the monthly programmatic reports submitted to FNS.
Matching requirements are not applicable to this program.
This program does not have MOE requirements.
Length and Time Phasing of Assistance
For the period covered by the agreement on a fiscal year basis. Method of awarding/releasing assistance: by letter of credit.
Who do I contact about this opportunity?
Regional or Local Office
See Regional Agency Offices. See the Food and Nutrition Service Regional Offices listed in Appendix IV of the Catalog.
Headquarters Office
Cynthia Long, 3101 Park Center Drive Room 628, Alexandria, Virginia 22302. Phone: (703) 305-2590.
Website Address
Financial Information
Account Identification
(Formula Grants) FY 14 $3,716,095,000; FY 15 est $3,959,929,000; and FY 16 est $4,230,498,000
Range and Average of Financial Assistance
State grants vary according to participation in this program.
Regulations, Guidelines and Literature
Program regulations are codified at 7 CFR Parts 220 and 245.
Examples of Funded Projects
Not Applicable.


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