Federal Grants by Type of Assistance

Choose a type of assistance below to see federal grants, government grants and loans by the type of assistance.
Advisory Services and Counseling
Programs that provide Federal specialists to consult, advise, or counsel communities or individuals including conferences, workshops, or personal contacts. This may involve the use of published information, but only in a secondary capacity.

Direct Loans
Financial assistance provided through the lending of Federal monies for a specific period of time, with a reasonable expectation of repayment. Such loans may or may not require the payment of interest.

Direct Payments for Specified Use
Financial assistance provided directly to individuals, private firms, and other private institutions to encourage or subsidize a particular activity by conditioning the receipt of the on a particular performance by the recipient. This does not include solicited contracts for the procurement of goods and services for the Federal government.

Direct Payments with Unrestricted Use
Financial assistance provided directly to beneficiaries who satisfy eligibility requirements with no restrictions imposed on the recipient as to how the money is spent. Included are payments under retirement, pension, and compensation programs.

Dissemination of Technical Information
Programs that provide for the publication and distribution of information or data of a specialized technical nature, frequently through clearinghouses or libraries. This does not include conventional public information services designed for general public consumption.

Federal Employment
Programs that reflect the government-wide resposibilities of the Office of Personnel Management in the recruitment and hiring of Federal civilian agency personnel.

Formula Grants
Allocations of money to States or their subdivisions in accordance with a distribution formula prescribed by law or administrative regulation, for activities of a continuing nature not confined to a specific project.

Guaranteed/Insured Loans
Programs in which the Federal Government makes an arrangement to indemnify a lender against all or part of all of any defaults by those responsible for the repayment of loans.

Financial assistance provided to assure reimbursement for losses sustained under specified conditions. Coverage may be provided directly by the Federal Government or through private carriers and may or may not involve the payment of premiums.

Investigation of Complaints
Federal administrative agency activities that are initiated in response to requests, either formal or informal, to examine or investigate claims of violations of Federal statutes, policy, or procedure. Such claims must come from outside the Federal Government.

Project Grants
The funding, for fixed or known periods, of specific projects or the delivery of specific services or products without liability for damages for failure to perform. Project grants include fellowships, scholarships, research grants, training grants, traineeships, experimental and demonstration grants, evaluation grants, planning grants, technical assistance grants, survey grants, construction grants, and unsolicited contractual agreements.

Provision of Specialized Services
Programs that provide Federal personnel to directly perform certain tasks for the benefit of communities or individuals. These services may be performed in conjunction with non-Federal personnel, but they involve more than consultation, advice, or counseling.

Sale, Exchange, or Donation of Property and Goods
Programs that provide for the sale, exchange, or donation of Federal real property, personal property, commodities, and other goods including land, buildings, equipment, food, and drugs. This does not include the loan of, use of, or access to Federal facilities or property.

Programs that provide instructional activities conducted directly by a Federal agency for individuals not employed by the Federal Government.

Use of Property, Facilities, and Equipment
Programs that provide for the loan of, use of, or access to Federal facilities or property wherein the federally owned facilities or property do not remain in the possession of the recipient of the assistance.


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Federal Grants Resources