Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Program
To assist States, through cash grants, in providing free fresh fruits and vegetables to elementary schools with high percentages of children that receive free or reduced price meals through the National School Lunch Program.
Last Known Status
Agency: Department of Agriculture
Office: Food and Nutrition Service
Types of Assistance
Uses and Use Restrictions
Under Section 19 of the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act, 42. U.S.C. 1769, Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Program funding is available to State agencies through an annual transfer of the Agricultural Marketing Service's Section 32 funds. Selected low-income public and nonprofit private elementary schools are reimbursed for produce served to school children outside of the National School Lunch Program and School Breakfast Program food service periods.
All participating schools must agree to serve fresh fruits and vegetables free to all enrolled children, and to publicize fresh fruit and vegetable availability within the school. Selected schools must be low-income public and nonprofit private elementary schools. Selected schools must serve fresh fruits and vegetables free to all students in selected schools. Selected schools must serve fresh fruits and vegetables outside of the National School Lunch Program and the School Breakfast Programs. Must publicize the availability of fresh fruits and vegetables within the school.
Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act, 42 U.S.C. 1769.
In order to be eligible to participate in the FFVP the school must be low income public and nonprofit private elementary schools.
Must be participating in the National School Lunch Program.
All elementary school children enrolled in schools participating in the Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Program received free fresh fruits and vegetables outside of the National School Lunch and School Breakfast Programs.
The applicant organization must be currently participating in the National School Lunch Program. The applicant must be an elementary school as defined by section 9101 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 USC 7801). Costs will be determined in accordance with USDA Uniform Federal Assistance Regulations (7 CFR Part 3015 or 3016 and 3019). OMB Circular No. A-87 applies to this program. 2 CFR 200, Subpart E - Cost Principles applies to this program.
Application and Award Process
The school-level application prototype form was furnished by FNS and may be modified by the State agency. An applicant should consult the State office or official designated as the single point of contact in the State for the National School Lunch Program for more information on the process the State requires to be followed for participation in FFVP. Environmental impact information is not required for this program. This program is excluded from coverage under E.O. 12372.
2 CFR 200, Uniform Administrative Requirements, Cost Principles, and Audit Requirements for Federal Awards applies to this program. Public or private nonprofit elementary schools make application to the State agency.
The elementary schools with the highest percentages of free and reduced price enrollment will be selected. The State agency then enters into an agreement with the school food authority for its participation in the program. The agreement stipulates that schools will operate the Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Program according to federal requirements for the program.
Range of Approval/Disapproval Time
Agreements become effective upon approval by the State agency.
The State agency is responsible for selecting schools based on high free and reduced price enrollment percentages. There is no appeal process if not selected.
Schools may be renewed annually through a re-application process (or modified application process) depending on their free and reduced price percent ranking each year.
Formula and Matching Requirements
Statutory Formula: The Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Program is funded through a statutory formula found in section 19 of the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act.
This program has no matching requirements.
This program does not have MOE requirements.
Length and Time Phasing of Assistance
The program is permanent and amended as necessary described by law. Schools/SFAs have one school year in which to spend the funds awarded. Method of awarding/releasing assistance: by letter of credit.
Post Assistance Requirements
State agencies must ensure that each school food authority with participating schools maintains and submits reimbursement claim forms to the State agency in order to receive reimbursement. State agencies must submit expenditure data quarterly via the SF-425. States must submit final fiscal year grant close out reports within 120 days after the end of the grant period. State agencies are required to complete SF 425 reports. No progress reports are required. State agencies must ensure that each school food authority with participating schools maintains and submits reimbursement claim forms to the State agency in order to receive reimbursement. State agencies must submit expenditure data quarterly via the SF-425. States must submit final fiscal year grant close out reports within 120 days after the end of the grant period. Performance monitoring is not applicable.
In accordance with the provisions of 2 CFR 200, Subpart F - Audit Requirements, non-Federal entities that expend financial assistance of $750,000 or more in Federal awards will have a single or a program-specific audit conducted for that year. Non-Federal entities that expend less than $750,000 a year in Federal awards are exempt from Federal audit requirements for that year, except as noted in 2 CFR 200.503. Audits may be conducted less frequently under conditions specified in A-133. The FFVP is subject to audits.
Schools must maintain full and accurate records of the FFVP's expenditures, similar to the National School Lunch and School Breakfast Programs, except that the FFVP reimburses schools for each Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Program snack served. Such records must be retained for a period of 3 years after the end of the fiscal year to which they pertain, except that if audit findings have not been resolved, the records shall be retained beyond the 3-year period as long as required for the resolution of audit findings.
Fiscal Year 2014: Funding is allocated for each school year. USDA has provided the following technical assistance: issuing implementation guidance and technical assistance materials; presenting workshops annually at the School Nutrition Association Annual National Conference; updating the FFVP Handbook, which is available at http://www.fns.usda.gov/cnd/FFVP/handbook.pdf, to reflect statutory authority and address questions provided by State agencies; publishing a proposed rule on February 24, 2012, to establish the requirements for the operation of the program (a final rule is currently under development); and developing an online toolkit, which is available at http://www.fns.usda.gov/cnd/FFVP/toolkit.htm, to encourage participation and aid in the understanding of the FFVP. Fiscal Year 2015: A pilot project expanding the scope of FFVP would offer canned, frozen, and dried fruits and vegetables in selected States, beginning in January 2015. Fiscal Year 2016: Evaluation outcomes will be available on the pilot for canned, frozen, and dried fruits and vegetables will be available in Fall 2016.
(Project Grants) FY 14 $172,746,000; FY 15 est $159,000,000; and FY 16 est $163,000,000 - A steady source of funding is provided through an annual transfer from the Agricultural Marketing Service.
Range and Average of Financial Assistance
FFVP funds are allocated at a level of $50 to $75 per student per school year. Funding is allocated among States based on a funding formula, which is adjusted every July 1 to reflect changes in the Consumer Price Index. The minimum grant to each of the 50 States and the District of Columbia will equal one percent of the funds made available to carry out this program for the school year. Additional funding will be allocated to all States, the District of Columbia, Guam, Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands, on the basis of population.
Regulations, Guidelines and Literature
An online toolkit is available at http://www.fns.usda.gov/FFVP. A handbook is also available at http://www.fns.usda.gov/ffvp/fns-resources.
Regional or Local Office
See Regional Agency Offices. See the Food and Nutrition Service Regional Offices listed in Appendix IV of the Catalog.
Cynthia Long, 3101 Park Center Drive Room 628, Alexandria, Virginia 22302. Phone: 703-305-2590.
Examples of Funded Projects
Fiscal Year 2014: State and locally-developed materials, including lesson plans, menus, and nutrition information, are available at http://www.fns.usda.gov/ffvp/state-and-local-resources. Fiscal Year 2015: No Current Data Available Fiscal Year 2016: No Current Data Available
Criteria for Selecting Proposals
Applicant schools must be currently participating in the National School Lunch Program. They must agree to serve fresh fruits and vegetables free to all enrolled children, and to publicize fresh fruit and vegetable availability within the school. They must have support for participation in the program signed by the school food manager, the school principal, and the district superintendent, or equivalent positions. The elementary schools with the highest percentages of free and reduced price enrollment will be selected.