Post-9/11 Veterans Educational Assistance


To assist beneficiaries in receiving educational benefits and training and to help service members adjust to civilian life after separation from military service, assist in the recruitment and retention of highly qualified personnel in the active and reserve components in the Armed Forces by providing education benefits, and to provide educational opportunities to the dependents of certain service members and veterans.

General information about this opportunity
Last Known Status
Program Number
Federal Agency/Office
Veterans Benefits Administration, Department of Veterans Affairs
Type(s) of Assistance Offered
C - Direct Payments For Specified Use; D - Direct Payments With Unrestricted Use
Program Accomplishments
Fiscal Year 2011 510,149 trained 510,149 trained
Fiscal Year 2012 510,149
Fiscal Year 2013 510,149
Fiscal Year 2019 In FY 19, 714,346 individuals trained. (FY 20 est.: 727,519; FY 21 est.: 724,610)
Fiscal Year 2022 Per the Veterans Benefits Administrations’ 2022 Annual Benefits Report, 564,501 beneficiaries received chapter 33, Post-9/11 GI Bill benefits.
Post-9/11 Veterans Educational Assistance Act of 2008, Public Law 110-252, 38 U.S.C. 33
Who is eligible to apply/benefit from this assistance?
Applicant Eligibility
What follows is not a complete list of eligibility requirements. For more information on the latest changes to the Post-9/11 GI Bill go to the VA web-site address listed below. Individuals who entered active duty after September 10, 2001 may be eligible for the Post-9/11 GI Bill. Individuals can use the Post-9/11 GI Bill after serving 90 days on active duty (excluding entry level and skill training). Only periods of active duty under title 10 will be used to establish eligibility for the Post 9/11 GI Bill. A high school diploma or equivalency certificate is always required for eligibility. Individuals who are eligible for the Montgomery GI Bill - Active Duty (Chapter 30), or the Montgomery GI Bill - Selected Reserve (Chapter 1606) will have to make an irrevocable election to relinquish eligibility under one of those benefit programs to establish eligibility under the Post-9/11 GI Bill. The dependent children of a person who died in the line of duty while serving as a member of the Armed Forces may be eligible to use benefits under the Marine Gunnery Sergeant John David Fry Scholarship provision of the Post-9/11 GI Bill. The spouse and/or child(ren) of a veteran or service member may be eligible for the Post 9/11 GI Bill if the veteran or service member transfers entitlement to those dependents. Eligibility to transfer entitlement to dependents is determined by the Department of Defense.
Beneficiary Eligibility
As stated above under Applicant Eligibility
Military discharge certificate (DD 214) is sometimes required; enrollment certification by institution offering training is required. This program is excluded from coverage under 2 CFR 200, Subpart E - Cost Principles.
What is the process for applying and being award this assistance?
Pre-Application Procedure
Preapplication coordination is not applicable.
Application Procedure
2 CFR 200, Uniform Administrative Requirements, Cost Principles, and Audit Requirements for Federal Awards applies to this program. Service members and veterans may apply for Post-9/11 GI Bill benefits by completing and submitting the Application for VA Education Benefits (VA Form 22-1990). Dependent children may apply for Fry Scholarship provision of the Post-9/11 GI Bill benefits by completing and submitting the Dependents' Application for Education Benefits (VA Form 22-5490). Dependent spouses and children may apply to use transferred benefits by completing and submitting the Application for Family Member to use Transferred Benefits (VA Form 22-1990e). Applications may be obtained and completed online via the GI Bill website at Applications are also available at all VA Regional Offices.
Award Procedure
Awards are authorized at the designated VA Regional Processing Office.
Contact the headquarters or regional location, as appropriate for application deadlines
Approval/Disapproval Decision Time
From 15 to 30 days. From 15 to 30 days. For FY 22, VA took an average of 15 days to process an initial application for benefits.
From 90 to 120 days. In the event of a denial or disagreement, a notification letter will advise of applicable review/appeal options, associated filing requirements and time limits.
Not applicable.
How are proposals selected?
Not applicable.
How may assistance be used?
The following types of programs may be approved for training under the Post-9/11 GI Bill: (1) courses at colleges and universities leading to associate, bachelor or graduate degrees (including courses taken via accredited independent study, provided those courses lead to a standard college degree or a certificate that reflects educational attainment offered by an institution of higher learning); (2) courses leading to a certificate or diploma from business, technical or vocational schools; (3) apprenticeship or on-the-job training programs for individuals not on active duty; (4) correspondence courses; (5) flight training, if veteran holds a private pilot license and meets the medical requirements upon beginning the training program; (6) state-approved teacher certification programs; (7) preparatory courses for tests necessary for admission to a college or graduate school; (8) reimbursement for licensing and certification tests approved for veterans; (9) entrepreneurship training; (10) reimbursement for national exams for admission to college or for college credit.
What are the requirements after being awarded this opportunity?
Not applicable.
Not applicable.
Other Assistance Considerations
Formula and Matching Requirements
Statutory formula is not applicable to this assistance listing.

Matching requirements are not applicable to this assistance listing.

MOE requirements are not applicable to this assistance listing.
Length and Time Phasing of Assistance
Lump sum payments for tuition and fees and the Yellow Ribbon Program are issued directly to the Institutions of Higher L earning (IHL) on behalf of the student. Students generally receive monthly payments of the housing allowance and a lump sum payment of the books and supplies stipend. Method of awarding/releasing assistance: lump sum. Method of awarding/releasing assistance: lump sum Lump sum payments for tuition and fees and the Yellow Ribbon Program are issued directly to the IHL on behalf of the student. Students generally receive monthly payments of the housing allowance and a lump sum payment of the books and supplies stipend.
Who do I contact about this opportunity?
Regional or Local Office
See Regional Assistance Locations. 1-888-GI-BILL-1 (1-888-442-4551)
Headquarters Office
Education Service-Stakeholder Engagement
810 Vermont Ave., NW
Washington, DC 20420 US
Phone: (202) 461-9800
Website Address
Financial Information
Account Identification
(Direct Payments for Specified Use (Cooperative Agreements)) FY 22$8,134,273,000.00; FY 23 est $7,826,937,000.00; FY 24 est $8,181,953,000.00; FY 19$10,748,939,000.00; FY 20 est $11,574,656,000.00; FY 21 est $11,760,672,000.00; FY 11 est $8,618,638,000.00; FY 12 Estimate Not Available FY 13 Estimate Not Available -
Range and Average of Financial Assistance
The amount of educational assistance an individual is entitled to varies based on the amount of time served on active duty, the amount of tuition and fees charged, and the Basic Allowance for Housing payable for an E-5 with dependents based on the location of the campus where the individual physically attends a majority of classes. In most cases, the benefits last for 36 (48 months when combined with other VA education benefits) calendar months of full-time training. The work-study allowance is limited to the higher of the Federal minimum wage or the State minimum wage where the work is performed. Tutorial assistance may not exceed $1200 and reimbursement for a licensing or certification test may not exceed $2000. The rural benefit is a one-time payment of $500.
Regulations, Guidelines and Literature
38 CFR 21.9500-21.9770.
Examples of Funded Projects
Not applicable.


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