The goal of the FY12 Lung Cancer Research Program (LCRP) is to eradicate deaths from lung cancer to better the health and welfare of the military and the American public. As such, the LCRP will support and integrate research from multiple disciplines for risk assessment, early detection, diagnosis, prevention, cure, and control of lung cancer. The LCRP Concept Award mechanism supports the exploration of a highly innovative new concept or untested theory that addresses an important problem relevant to lung cancer. The Concept Award is not intended to support a logical progression of an already established research project but, instead, allows Principal Investigators (PIs) the opportunity to pursue serendipitous observations. This award mechanism supports high-risk studies that have the potential to reveal entirely new avenues for investigation. Applications must describe how the new idea will enhance the existing knowledge of lung cancer or create an entirely new avenue for investigation. Submissions from and partnerships with investigators at Military Medical Treatment Facilities, Military labs, the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) Medical Centers, and research laboratories and commercial organizations are encouraged. Research completed through a Concept Award may generate sufficient preliminary data to enable the PI to prepare an application for future research.