Basic Scientific Research


To support basic research that is related to or has potential for leading to the improvement of Army programs or operations.

General information about this opportunity
Last Known Status
Program Number
Federal Agency/Office
Agency: Department of Defense
Office: U.S. Army Materiel Command
Type(s) of Assistance Offered
Program Accomplishments
Not Applicable.
Public Laws 79-588,87-651,97-86, 10 U.S.C. 5150-5153; 10 U.S.C. 2358, as amended; 10 U.S.C. 2361; 10 U.S.C. 6304; Includes American Recovery and Re-Investment Act (ARRA) funds.
Who is eligible to apply/benefit from this assistance?
Applicant Eligibility
Educational institutions and nonprofit scientific research organizations.
Beneficiary Eligibility
Educational institutions and nonprofit scientific research organizations.
The following documentation is required to be submitted with offeror's proposals: Cover page and information requested thereon (ARO Form 51); Statement of Disclosure Preference (AR Form 52 or 52A); Abstract; Technical Proposal; and Cost Proposal including SF 1411. The technical portion of the proposal should contain the following: A complete discussion stating the background and objectives of the proposed work; information that will identify the magnitude of the research program currently underway by the proposed principal investigator(s) such as (i) description of the work, (ii) the annual dollar volume of the effort, (iii) the names Federal, State, local agencies or other parties presently funding the work or requested to fund such work, and (iv) a complete breakdown of the time of the principal investigator and/or co-principal investigator; brief biographical information and list of recent publications of the offeror's key personnel who will be involved in the research; type of support requested, for example, facilities, equipment, materials; names of other Federal, State, local agencies or other parties receiving the proposal and/or funding the proposed effort; statement regarding possible impact if any of the proposed effort on the environment; brief description of organization; and identity of facilities to be used for the work if appropriate for an understanding of the proposal. The cost proposal must be a complete and thoroughly documented estimate of the proposed costs of the research project. This program is excluded from coverage under OMB Circular No. A-87.
What is the process for applying and being award this assistance?
Pre-Application Procedure
Preapplication coordination is required. Environmental impact information is not required for this program. This program is excluded from coverage under E.O. 12372.
Application Procedure
This program is excluded from coverage under OMB Circular No. A-102. OMB Circular No. A-110 applies to this program. All eligible organizations may submit proposals in response to ARO's general and specific broad agency announcements (BAAs) published annually or as the need arises in the Federal Business Opportunities ( Information regarding areas of scientific interest and points of contact are contained in the BAAs. Application and award procedures are also contained in the BAA brochures. Pre-proposal contacts are encouraged prior to submission of a formal application.
Award Procedure
Upon receipt of a proposal, the ARO scientific staff will perform an initial review of its scientific merit and potential contribution to the Army mission and also determine if funds are expected to be available for the effort. Proposals not considered to have sufficient scientific merit or relevance to the Army's needs or those in areas for which funds are not expected to be available may be declined without further review. Proposals not declined as a result of the initial review may be subject to an extensive peer review by highly qualified scientists from within the government and leading scientists and other preeminent experts outside the government. Each proposal will be evaluated based on how the proposal relates to the overall ARO program rather than against other proposals for research in the same general area normally using the following factors: (1) overall scientific and/or technical merits; (2) military and program relevance; (3) capabilities, related experience, facilities, techniques or unique combinations of these; (4) qualifications, capabilities and experience of the proposed principal investigator, team leader or other key personnel; (5) record of past performance; and (6) reasonableness and realism of proposed costs. If selected for award, the proposal is incorporated into a grant document and the awardee agrees to perform the research described therein.
Contact the headquarters or regional office, as appropriate, for application deadlines.
Approval/Disapproval Decision Time
Formal proposals are normally reviewed and notification made within six months from submission. Grant awards are usually made within three months from notification.
Not Applicable.
Once a grant is awarded, any follow-on research proposal is treated as a new request. Follow-on work should allow for the review time noted in the "award procedure" above.
How are proposals selected?
Not Applicable.
How may assistance be used?
Basic Research in the mathematical, physical, engineering, biological and geosciences providing knowledge necessary for the Army to make informed decisions about further exploratory development to provide the technology base from which Army capabilities are drawn. Partial support of symposia in the listed disciplines. Programs to encourage careers in science and engineering by supporting outstanding graduate, undergraduate and high school students pursuing studies in areas of Army concern. Programs to increase the number of science and engineering graduates from under-represented minority groups. Programs providing means for universities to buy major, high-cost research equipment.
What are the requirements after being awarded this opportunity?
Usually annual progress reports and a final report are required, but more frequent reporting may be specified in individual awards. The SF 425 Federal Reporting Form is used to report expenditures. Progress reports include a description of activities, findings, conclusions, technical progress, accomplishments and planned activities for the next reporting period. Disbursements are reported for periods of performance concurrent with technical progress reports. Technical monitors review progress reports and make periodic visits to research facilities.
In accordance with the provisions of OMB Circular No. A-133 (Revised, June 27, 2003), "Audits of States, Local Governments, and Non-Profit Organizations," nonfederal entities that expend financial assistance of $500,000 or more in Federal awards will have a single or a program-specific audit conducted for that year. Nonfederal entities that expend less than $500,000 a year in Federal awards are exempt from Federal audit requirements for that year, except as noted in Circular No. A-133.
Recipients are required to maintain records adequate to document costs incurred. Financial records, supporting documents, statistical records and all other records pertinent to an agreement will be retained for a period of 3 years. The retention period starts from the date of the submission of the final expenditure report or, for grants that are renewed annually, from the date of the submission of the annual financial status report. The recipient will allow access to any pertinent books, documents, papers, and records of the recipient organization and their subrecipients to make audits, examinations, excerpts and transcripts.
Other Assistance Considerations
Formula and Matching Requirements
This program has no statutory formula.
Matching Requirements: MANTECH Funds may have a matching requirement.
MOE requirements are not applicable to this program.
Length and Time Phasing of Assistance
The length of time for which support is requested should be consistent with the nature and complexity of the proposed research. It is preferred that proposals submitted cover a three year period with each year proposed as a severable unit. The maximum period acceptable for a research proposal is five years. Funds are normally provided in individual grants according to a quarterly schedule of payments. Method of awarding/releasing assistance: lump sum.
Who do I contact about this opportunity?
Regional or Local Office
Headquarters Office
Ernest Dixon, Army Research Office, 4300 South Miami Blvd. , Durham, North Carolina 27703 Email: Phone: (919) 549-4270 Fax: (919) 549-4388.
Website Address
No Data Available
Financial Information
Account Identification
21-2040-0-1-051; 21-2041-0-1-051.
(Salaries) FY 13 $455,849,317; FY 14 est $445,745,419; and FY 15 est $450,000,000 - Total Project Grants- FY 09-$282,227,814 ;FY 10-$300,000,000.00 (est.)

ARRA Funding Amount Only associated with CFDA 12.431
FY 08-$0; FY 09-$0; FY 10-$4,373,231.00; FY 11-$TBD.
Range and Average of Financial Assistance
Range: $1,374,000.00-$1,500,000.00/ARRA and Average Award: $1,457,744.00/ARRA.
Regulations, Guidelines and Literature
U.S. Army Research Office Broad Agency Announcement (BAA) is available without cost from the sponsoring agency. OMB Circular Nos. A-110, A- 133, A-88, and A-21; DoD Instruction 3218.2; DoD Directive 3210.2; DoD Directive 3210.6; are applicable to the project grants.
Examples of Funded Projects
Not Applicable.


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