Basic Scientific Research


To support basic research that is related to or has potential for leading to the improvement of Army programs or operations.

General information about this opportunity
Last Known Status
Program Number
Federal Agency/Office
Department of The Army, Department of Defense
Type(s) of Assistance Offered
B - Project Grants
Program Accomplishments
Fiscal Year 2019 The mission of the programs funded against CFDA 12.431 is to discover, innovate, and transition science and technology to ensure dominant strategic land power, now and into the future. To execute this mission, the Army leverages the substantial intellectual resource represented by the global academic scientific research community. Formation of a collaborative and transparent relationship with this community, with industry, and with small business through the Open Campus initiative offers the prospect for enhanced discovery and innovation, and effective execution of basic and applied research programs in a variety of technical focus areas of high Army interest.
Fiscal Year 2023 The Army Research Office (ARO) drives cutting-edge and disruptive scientific discoveries that will enable crucial future Army technologies and capabilities through high-risk, high pay-off research opportunities. ARO competitively select and fund basic research proposals from educational institutions, nonprofit organizations and private industry to increase fundamental knowledge and understanding in the chemical, life, physical, engineering, materials, mechanical, computing, information, network, mathematical, earth, and social sciences, related to long-term national security needs. The research funded is conducted at 250 universities across the country and around the world with more than 1,100 individual researchers. The results of these research efforts are transitioned to the Army research and development community, industry, or academia for future technological superiority of our Soldiers, Army and nation. The research awarded under the grants and cooperative agreements represents the most long-range Army view, with system applications often 20-30 years away.
10 U.S.C. 4001
10 U.S.C. 4021 and 4022
31 U.S.C. 6303
Who is eligible to apply/benefit from this assistance?
Applicant Eligibility
See specific broad agency announcements or similar announcements resulting from this CFDA number for eligibility requirements. Awards will not be made to individuals.
Beneficiary Eligibility
Investigators and resulting awardees.
Award is subject to: 1) receipt of applicable/acceptable certifications and representations; 2) having a current registration in the System for Award Management (SAM) (; 3), the applicant, its principals, proposed subrecipients/subrecipient principals not appearing in SAM Exclusions as currently debarred, suspended, or otherwise ineligible; and 4) meeting other requirements specified in the agency announcements.
What is the process for applying and being award this assistance?
Pre-Application Procedure
Preapplication coordination is required. see funding announcement
Application Procedure
2 CFR 200, Uniform Administrative Requirements, Cost Principles, and Audit Requirements for Federal Awards applies to this program. ARO publishes general and specific broad agency announcements (BAAs) or similar announcements in and, as the need arises, in the System Award Management ( Information regarding areas of scientific interest and points of contact are contained in the announcements. Application and award procedures are also contained in the announcement brochures. Pre-proposal contacts with ARO scientific staff are encouraged prior to submission of a formal application.
Award Procedure
Upon receipt of a proposal, the ARO scientific staff will perform an initial review of its scientific merit and potential contribution to the Army mission and also determine if funds are expected to be available for the effort. Proposals not considered to have sufficient scientific merit or relevance to the Army's needs or those in areas for which funds are not expected to be available may be declined without further review. Proposals not declined as a result of the initial review may be subject to an extensive peer review by highly qualified scientists from within the government and leading scientists and other preeminent experts outside the government. Each proposal will be evaluated based on the evaluation factors specified in the particular announcement. An example of evaluation criteria include: (1) overall scientific and/or technical merits; (2) military and program relevance; (3) capabilities, related experience, facilities, techniques or unique combinations of these; (4) qualifications, capabilities and experience of the proposed principal investigator, team leader or other key personnel; and reasonableness and realism of proposed costs. If selected for award, the proposal is incorporated into a grant document and the awardee agrees to perform the research described therein.
Contact the headquarters or regional location, as appropriate for application deadlines
Approval/Disapproval Decision Time
Formal proposals are normally reviewed and notification made within six months from submission. Grant awards are usually made within three months from notification.
Not applicable.
Once a grant is awarded, any follow-on research proposal is treated as a new request. Follow-on work should allow for the review time noted in the "award procedure" above.
How are proposals selected?
i. The overall scientific and/or technical merits of the proposal. ii. The potential contributions of the effort to the Army mission and the extent to which the research effort will contribute to balancing the overall Army research program. iii. The qualifications, capabilities, and experience of the proposed PI, team leader, or other key personnel who are critical to achievement of the proposed objectives.
How may assistance be used?
Basic Research in the mathematical, physical, engineering, biological and geosciences providing knowledge necessary for the Army to make informed decisions about further exploratory development to provide the technology base from which Army capabilities are drawn. Partial support of symposia in the listed disciplines. Programs to encourage careers in science and engineering by supporting outstanding graduate, undergraduate and high school students pursuing studies in areas of Army concern. Programs to increase the number of science and engineering graduates from under-represented minority groups. Programs providing means for universities to buy major, high-cost research equipment.
What are the requirements after being awarded this opportunity?
Performance Reports: Technical monitors review progress reports and make periodic visits to research facilities.
Not applicable.
Record keeping requirements are in accordance with the terms and conditions of the award, which will include appropriate provisions related to recipient records that are required by the DoD Grant and Agreement Regulations (DoDGARs).
Other Assistance Considerations
Formula and Matching Requirements
Statutory formula is not applicable to this assistance listing.

Matching is voluntary. MANTECH Funds may have a matching requirement.

MOE requirements are not applicable to this assistance listing.
Length and Time Phasing of Assistance
The length of time for which support is requested should be consistent with the nature and complexity of the proposed research. It is preferred that proposals submitted cover a three year period with each year proposed as a severable unit. The maximum period acceptable for a research proposal is five years. Awards are funded incrementally.
Who do I contact about this opportunity?
Regional or Local Office
None/Not specified.
Headquarters Office
Kia S McCormick

Phone: 919-541-4281
Website Address
Financial Information
Account Identification
(Project Grants (Cooperative Agreements or Contracts)) FY 22$700,000,000.00; FY 23 est $710,000,000.00; FY 24 est $800,000,000.00; -
Range and Average of Financial Assistance
Range: $1,374,000.00-$1,500,000.00 and Average Award: $1,457,744.00
Regulations, Guidelines and Literature
U.S. Army Research Office Broad Agency Announcements (BAA) or similar announcements are available without cost from the sponsoring agency on The DoDGARS (as updated through DoD's interim implementation of 2 CFR part 200 which can be found at 2 CFR part 1103) applies to DoD grants and cooperative agreements.
Examples of Funded Projects
Fiscal Year 2018 INTERNET OF BATTLEFIELD THINGS - The overall objective is to develop the fundamental understanding of dynamically-composable, adaptive, goal-driven Internet of Battlefield Things (IoBTs) to enable predictive analytics for intelligent command and control and battlefield services. DCIST -Develop the underpinning science to extend the reach, situational awareness, and operational effectiveness of Intelligent System/Soldier teams against dynamic threats in complex and contested environments and provide technical and operational superiority through fast, intelligent, resilient and collaborative behaviors.
Fiscal Year 2021 Develop Protein Crystal Polymer Hybrids; Listening to the Bioelectronic Signature of Cells; Corrosion Investigation and Modeling; Decoding Multisensory Information at Different Spatiotemporal Scales of Neuronal Resolution; Social Intelligent Agents; and Experimental Strain-Based Tissue Damage Analysis to Model Impact and Blast-Induced Traumatic Brain Injury Scenarios.
Fiscal Year 2023 The technical objective of the proposed work addresses modeling complex multiscale systems such as nonlinear turbulence arising from the lack of a perfect understanding of nature, the practical limitation of computational resolution, and the availability of only partial observational data. The project is focused on the fundamental mathematics of data assimilation using information theory and machine learning to reconcile partial observations with incomplete physical knowledge within a hybrid stochastic modeling framework.


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