Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program

 

SNAP Benefits: Improve nutrition of low-income households by ensuring access to nutritious, healthful diets through the provision of nutrition education and nutrition assistance through the issuance of monthly benefits for the purchase of food at authorized retailers.

Contingency Fund: Placed in reserve for use only in such amounts and at such times as may be necessary to carry out program operations. Enables the program to react to shifts in program need that we not anticipated at the time of a budget request.

ARRA: This project ended in FY14.

Healthy Incentive Pilot: This project ended in FY14. The purpose was to determine if incentives provided to SNAP recipients at the point-of-sale increase the purchase of fruits, vegetables or other healthful foods.

General information about this opportunity
Last Known Status
Active
Program Number
10.551
Federal Agency/Office
Agency: Department of Agriculture
Office: Food and Nutrition Service
Type(s) of Assistance Offered
DIRECT PAYMENTS FOR A SPECIFIED USE
Program Accomplishments
Fiscal Year 2014: SNAP Benefits: Served an average of 46.53 million eligible persons per month.

HIP: Ended in FY2014. Rigorous evaluation of the Healthy Incentives Pilot (HIP), which investigated the impact of making fruits and vegetables more affordable to SNAP participants by incentivizing their purchases to increase affordability and consumption, showed that HIP significantly increased the consumption of targeted fruits and vegetables by about one quarter of a cup per day.

ARRA Benefits: Ended in FY14.

Contingency Fund: Placed in reserve for use only in such amounts and at such times as may be necessary to carry out program operations. Enables the program to react to shifts in program need that we not anticipated at the time of a budget request. Fiscal Year 2015: No Current Data Available Fiscal Year 2016: No Current Data Available
Authorization
Food, Conservation and Energy Act of 2008; Food and Nutrition Act of 1977, as amended, Public Law 95- 113, 91 Stat. 958, 7 U.S.C. 2011 et seq.; Public Law 95-348, Public Law 96-58, Public Law 96-249, Public Law 97-35; Public Law 97-98; Public Law 97-253, Public Law 98-204, Public Law 98-369; Public Law 99-198, Public Law 99-425; Public Law 99-498, Public Law 99-603, Public Law 100-77, Public Law 100-175, Public Law 100-232, Public Law 100-387, Public Law 100-435, Public Law 100-503, Public Law 100-707, Public Law 101-202; Public Law 101-392; Public Law 101-508; Public Law 101-624; Public Law 102-237; Public Law 102-265; Public Law 102-325; Public Law 103-31; Public Law 103-66; Public Law 103-225; Public Law 103-286; Public Law 103-296; Public Law 104-66; Public Law 104-127; Public Law 104-193; Public Law 104-208; Public Law 105-18; Public Law 105-33; Public Law 105-185; Public Law 105-379; Public Law 106-171; Public Law 106-387; Public Law 107-171; Public Law 110-161; Public Law 110-246; American Recovery Act and Reinvestment Act of 2009, Public Law 111-5; Healthy Hunger Free Kids Act, Public Law 111-296; American Taxpayer Relief Act, Public Law 112-240; Agricultural Act of 2014.
Who is eligible to apply/benefit from this assistance?
Applicant Eligibility
SNAP Benefits: SNAP is a Federal program administered by the States. The State or U.S. Territory agency responsible for Federally aided public assistance programs submits requests for funding to USDA's Food and Nutrition Service.

Contingency Fund: Placed in reserve for use only in such amounts and at such times as may be necessary to carry out program operations. Enables the program to react to shifts in program need that we not anticipated at the time of a budget request.

ARRA: This project ended in FY14.

Healthy Incentive Pilot: This project ended in FY14. The purpose was to determine if incentives provided to SNAP recipients at the point-of-sale increase the purchase of fruits, vegetables or other healthful foods.
Beneficiary Eligibility
Applications for SNAP are made through a local social services agency which determines eligibility and benefit amount. Eligibility is based on household size, income, and expenses. Eligibility is also based on assets, citizenship or legal immigration status, and other factors. A gross income test is based on 130 percent of the poverty line, and the net income (after expenses) test is based on 100 percent of the poverty line. Households with elderly and disabled members need only meet the net income test. The resource limit is $2,250 ($3,250 for a household with an elderly or disabled member). A total of 43 States use broad-based categorical eligibility to align the resource limits and gross income limits with other mean tested programs. Able-bodied adults with certain limited exceptions must meet a work requirement or face time limits on participation.
Credentials/Documentation
Eligibility is determined by local social service offices based on National eligibility standards. Households must provide verification of identity, income, and resources. This program is excluded from coverage under 2 CFR 200, Subpart E - Cost Principles.
What is the process for applying and being award this assistance?
Pre-Application Procedure
Preapplication coordination is not applicable. Environmental impact information is not required for this program. This program is excluded from coverage under E.O. 12372.
Application Procedure
2 CFR 200, Uniform Administrative Requirements, Cost Principles, and Audit Requirements for Federal Awards applies to this program. The Food and Nutrition Act of 2008, as amended, requires each State agency to submit to the Food and Nutrition Service for approval, a plan of operation specifying the manner in which SNAP will be conducted in every political subdivision within the State.
Award Procedure
The Secretary of Agriculture approves State plans of operation submitted by the State agency that operates public assistance programs.
Deadlines
Not Applicable.
Approval/Disapproval Decision Time
Full implementation of the Nationwide mandate was completed in fiscal year 1975, except for certain Indian reservations which continued in the Food Distribution Program.
Appeals
Other - Not Specified.
Renewals
Program continues once approved, unless there is a substantial failure to comply with regulations or withdrawal on the part of the State.
How are proposals selected?
Not Applicable.
How may assistance be used?
SNAP Benefits: Households receive Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) benefits for the purchase of food at authorized retailers and use an electronic benefit transfer (EBT) card, which operates like a debit card, to redeem benefits at authorized retailers. The amount of benefits varies according to household size, expenses, and income.

Contingency Fund: Placed in reserve for use only in such amounts and at such times as may be necessary to carry out program operations. Enables the program to react to shifts in program need that we not anticipated at the time of a budget request.

ARRA: This project ended in FY14.

Healthy Incentive Pilot: This project ended in FY14. The purpose was to determine if incentives provided to SNAP recipients at the point-of-sale increase the purchase of fruits, vegetables or other healthful foods. Recipients may only purchase food with their benefits and only from authorized retailers.
What are the requirements after being awarded this opportunity?
Reporting
Annual budget summary statements; monthly and annual quality control reports; quarterly financial status report; quarterly report on claims against households; monthly issuance reconciliation report; monthly issuance and participation estimates; report of disqualified recipients; and cumulative totals for the fiscal year. Quarterly financial status report; quarterly report on claims against households; monthly issuance reconciliation report are all required. Monthly and annual quality control reports; quarterly financial status report; quarterly report on claims against households; monthly issuance reconciliation report; monthly issuance and participation estimates; report of disqualified recipients. Quarterly financial status report; quarterly report on claims against households; monthly issuance reconciliation report; monthly issuance and participation estimates; and cumulative totals for the fiscal year. Monthly and annual quality control reports; quarterly financial status report; quarterly report on claims against households; monthly issuance reconciliation report; monthly issuance and participation estimates; report of disqualified recipients; and cumulative totals for the fiscal year.
Auditing
In accordance with the provisions of 2 CFR 200, Subpart F - Audit Requirements, non-Federal entities that expend financial assistance of $750,000 or more in Federal awards will have a single or a program-specific audit conducted for that year. Non-Federal entities that expend less than $750,000 a year in Federal awards are exempt from Federal audit requirements for that year, except as noted in 2 CFR 200.503. Programs operated by the State or on behalf of the State are subject to audit by Office of Inspector General, USDA.
Records
Records of households certified, benefits issued, and records relating to any financial transaction are required and must be maintained for 3 years.
Other Assistance Considerations
Formula and Matching Requirements
This program has no statutory formula.
This program has no matching requirements. Necessary, reasonable, and allowable administrative expenses by State agencies are reimbursed by the Federal government at approximately 50 percent.
MOE requirements are not applicable to this program.
Length and Time Phasing of Assistance
Length of assistance period varies and time phasing is not applicable. See the following for information on how assistance is awarded/released: Monthly allotments are made available to eligible individuals and households through EBT cards which operate like debit cards.
Who do I contact about this opportunity?
Regional or Local Office
See Regional Agency Offices. See the Food and Nutrition Service Regional Offices listed in Appendix IV of the Catalog.
Headquarters Office
Jessica Shahin Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, Food and Nutrition Service, Department of Agriculture, 3101 Park Center Dr., Alexandria, Virginia 22302 Email: Jessica.Shahin@fns.usda.gov Phone: (703) 305-2022. Fax: (703) 305-2454.
Website Address
http://www.fns.usda.gov/snap/
Financial Information
Account Identification
12-3505-0-1-605.
Obligations
(Salaries) FY 14 Not Available; FY 15 est $5,000,000; and FY 16 Estimate Not Available - Contingency Fund: Placed in reserve for use only in such amounts and at such times as may be necessary to carry out program operations. Enables the program to react to shifts in program need that we not anticipated at the time of a budget request. (Formula Grants) FY 14 Not Available; FY 15 est $71,503,411,000; and FY 16 Estimate Not Available - SNAP Benefits: Improve nutrition of low-income households by ensuring access to nutritious, healthful diets through the provision of nutrition education and nutrition assistance through the issuance of monthly benefits for the purchase of food at authorized retailers. (Formula Grants) FY 14 Not Available; FY 15 est $0; and FY 16 est $0 - ARRA: Provided benefits. This project ended in FY14. (Project Grants) FY 14 $0; FY 15 est $0; and FY 16 est $0 - Healthy Incentive Pilot: This project ended in FY13. The purpose was to determine if incentives provided to SNAP recipients at the point-of-sale increase the purchase of fruits, vegetables or other healthful foods.
Range and Average of Financial Assistance
Varies by income and household size. The average benefit for a household of 4 in FY13 was $274.98.
Regulations, Guidelines and Literature
7 CFR 271-282.

Additional publications may be available at www.fns.usda.gov/snap.
Examples of Funded Projects
Fiscal Year 2014: HIP: Ended in FY2014. Hampden County, Massachusetts was selected as the Healthy Incentives Pilot (HIP) site. Hampden County is a mix of twenty-seven urban, suburban and rural cities and towns and approximately 50,000 SNAP households. The Majority of SNAP participants are in the areas of Springfield, Holyoke, Chicopee and West Springfield. The Pilot ended as of December 31, 2012. HIP operated for 14 months, from November 2011 through December 2012. Each of the households randomly selected to participate in HIP were able to earn the incentive for 12 months. Fiscal Year 2015: No Current Data Available Fiscal Year 2016: No Current Data Available