Wildlife Restoration and Basic Hunter Education


The Act provides grants to State, Commonwealth, and territorial fish and wildlife agencies for projects to restore, conserve, manage, and enhance wild birds and mammals and their habitat. Projects also include providing public use and access to wildlife resources; hunter education and safety; and the development and management of shooting ranges.

General information about this opportunity
Last Known Status
Program Number
Federal Agency/Office
Agency: Department of the Interior
Office: Fish and Wildlife Service
Type(s) of Assistance Offered
Program Accomplishments
Fiscal Year 2014: The WSFR Program receives approximately 375 grant proposals annually.

The program received approximately 372 applications nationally and issued 372 awards. Because of a new database transition period, national accomplishments are not available at this time. The project activities funded include: research, operation and maintenance, construction, habitat restoration, land acquisition, technical guidance, coordination and hunter education. Fiscal Year 2015: The program expects to receive approximately 375 applications nationally and to issue 375 awards. The project activities include those funded in FY14. Fiscal Year 2016: The program anticipates receiving 375 applications nationally and issuing 375 awards.
The project activities include those funded in FY15.
Pittman-Robertson Wildlife Restoration Act of 1937, 50 Stat. 917 as amended; 16 U.S.C. 669-669k.; Pittman-Robertson Wildlife Restoration and Dingell-Johnson Sport Fish Restoration Acts, Title 50, Part 80.
Who is eligible to apply/benefit from this assistance?
Applicant Eligibility
Agencies from the 50 States, the Commonwealths of Puerto Rico and the Northern Mariana Islands, and the territories of Guam, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and American Samoa with primary responsibility for fish and wildlife conservation may submit grant proposals to the Fish and Wildlife Service. To be eligible, they must pass assent legislation to the provisions of the Act for conservation of wildlife that includes a prohibition against the diversion of license fees paid by hunters for any other purpose than the administration of the fish and wildlife agency.
Beneficiary Eligibility
General Public (While direct participation is limited to fish and wildlife agencies, the general public will ultimately benefit from these wildlife conservation measures.).
Each year within 60 days of the apportionment notice, States, Commonwealths, and territories must notify the Secretary of the Interior that they want to participate in the program for the year. The State, Commonwealth, or territorial fish and wildlife Director must furnish a certification of the number of paid hunter license holders. Allocable costs are determined in accordance with 2 CFR 200. 2 CFR 200, Subpart E - Cost Principles applies to this program.
What is the process for applying and being award this assistance?
Pre-Application Procedure
An applicant should consult the office or official designated as the single point of contact in his or her State, the District of Columbia, Commonwealth, or territory for more information on this process when applying for assistance if the State has selected the program for review. Environmental impact information is not required for this program. This program is eligible for coverage under E.O. 12372, "Intergovernmental Review of Federal Programs." An applicant should consult the office or official designated as the single point of contact in his or her State for more information on the process the State requires to be followed in applying for assistance, if the State has selected the program for review.
Application Procedure
2 CFR 200, Uniform Administrative Requirements, Cost Principles, and Audit Requirements for Federal Awards applies to this program. Applicant must complete the Standard Form (SF) 424, and the appropriate Budget and Assurances forms (SF 424A and SF 424B – Non-construction; or SF 424C and SF 424D – Construction). In addition, applicants will submit a grant proposal that includes a narrative statement describing the need, objectives, benefits, approach, and estimated cost for the proposed grant along with the standard application forms furnished by the Federal agency. For further instructions and forms go to http://fawiki.fws.gov/display/WTK/Toolkit+Homepage or www.grants.gov. Program regulations are found in 50 CFR80.

Award Procedure
The Regional Director of the Fish and Wildlife Service or his designee approves or disapproves proposed grants. Regional Offices are responsible for notification of grant approval to the grantee.
Jul 01, 2015 Annually by July 1.
Approval/Disapproval Decision Time
Average 30 days.
Regional Directors will consider differences of opinion concerning the eligibility of proposals. Final determination rests with the Director of the Fish and Wildlife Service.
Grantees may renew projects on an annual basis if justifiable and if funds are available.
How are proposals selected?
The State, Commonwealth, or territorial agency having lead responsibility for the management of their wildlife resources must submit the projects. The State, Commonwealth, or territorial agency selects those projects submitted for funding under the program. If approved, projects must meet the basic criteria outlined in the regulations and the Fish and Wildlife Service Manual.
How may assistance be used?
Approved activities include selection, restoration, rehabilitation, and improvement of wildlife habitat; wildlife management research; wildlife population surveys and inventories; land acquisition; coordination; development of facilities; facilities and services for conducting hunter safety. Law enforcement and public relations are not eligible under the Act.
What are the requirements after being awarded this opportunity?
Recipients must submit a final performance report no later than 90 calendar days after the award end date. Recipients of awards with performance periods longer than 12 months will be required to submit annual interim reports. Program will detail all performance reporting requirements, including frequency and due dates, in the notice of award letter. Cash reports are not applicable. Recipients must report expenditures using the SF 425, Federal Financial Report form. Recipients must submit a final report no later than 90 calendar days after the award end date. Recipients of awards with performance periods longer than 12 months will be required to submit annual interim reports. Program will detail all financial reporting requirements, including frequency and due dates, in the notice of award letter. A Federal Financial Report SF 425 is required for each grant award annually within 90 days after the anniversary date and/or end of the grant. Recipients are responsible for monitoring and reporting performance each award and sub-award under this program in accordance with 43 CFR Part 12 and 2 CFR Part 170.
In accordance with the provisions of 2 CFR 200, Subpart F - Audit Requirements, non-Federal entities that expend financial assistance of $750,000 or more in Federal awards will have a single or a program-specific audit conducted for that year. Non-Federal entities that expend less than $750,000 a year in Federal awards are exempt from Federal audit requirements for that year, except as noted in 2 CFR 200.503.
Cost records must be maintained separately for each grant. Records, accounts and supporting documents must be retained for three years after submission of the Federal Financial Report (SF 425).
Other Assistance Considerations
Formula and Matching Requirements
Statutory Formula: Public Law 16 U.S.C. 669b. The program is funded by a permanent appropriation from revenues collected from taxes on bows, arrows, archery equipment, sporting firearm, ammunition, handguns, pistols, and revolvers. The revenues are deposited in the Federal Aid to Wildlife Restoration fund in the U.S. Treasury.

These funds are annually apportioned according to the formula prescribed by the Act: 50 percent based on land area of the State, Commonwealth, or territory and 50 percent based on paid hunting license holders; no State may receive more than 5 percent or less than one-half of 1 percent of the total apportionment; the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico is apportioned up to one-half of 1 percent; and Guam, U.S. Virgin Islands, American Samoa, and Commonwealth of Norther Mariana Islands each receive up to one-sixth of 1 percent of the total apportionment. Section 4(c) Hunter Education and Safety Program Funds are formula-based apportionment based on State population. No State may receive more than 3 percent or less than 1 percent of the total Hunter Education funds apportioned. Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, Guam, U.S. Virgin Islands, American Samoa, and the Commonwealth of Northern Mariana Islands receive up to one-sixth of 1 percent of the total apportionment.
Matching Requirements: Yes. Grant funds may be disbursed to States for up to 75 percent of the total cost of a project. Grant funds may be disbursed from 75 to 100 percent of the total project costs to the Commonwealths of Puerto Rico, Northern Mariana Islands and the territories of Guam, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and American Samoa. Each Regional Director decides on the specific Federal share between 75 and 100 percent based on what he or she decides is fair, just, and equitable.
MOE requirements are not applicable to this program.
Length and Time Phasing of Assistance
Apportioned funds are available for obligation for a period of two years. Balances remaining unobligated after the period of availability revert to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Any funds not obligated within two years by a State, Commonwealth, or territorial fish and wildlife agency revert to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and will be spent under the provision of the Migratory Bird Conservation Act. In addition, under the provisions of the Wildlife Restoration Act, the interest accumulated by Wildlife Restoration account is available to the North American Wetland Conservation program. Funds are disbursed to recipients as requested and in accordance with the payment methods prescribed in 2 CFR 200, or as otherwise prescribed in program-specific legislation. See the following for information on how assistance is awarded/released: Program will include any specific payment terms and conditions in the notice of award.
Who do I contact about this opportunity?
Regional or Local Office
See Regional Agency Offices. Region 1, Pacific Region (Idaho, Oregon, Washington, Hawaii, Pacific Islands) Barb Behan, 503-231-2066.
Region 2, Southwest Region (Arizona, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas) Nicole Jimenez, 505-248-7466.
Region 3, Midwest Region (Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Ohio, Wisconsin) Fabian Romero, 612-713-5145.
Region 4, Southeast Region (Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, Puerto Rico, South Carolina, Tennessee, U.S. Virgin Islands) Diana Swan, 404-679-7058.
Region 5, Northeast Region (Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Virginia, West Virginia) Tom Decker, 413-253-8502.
Region 6, Mountain-Prairie Region (Colorado, Idaho, Kansas, Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Utah, Wyoming) Otto Jose, 303-236-8156.
Region 7, Alaska Region (Alaska) Cliff Schleusner, 907-786-3631.
Region 8, Pacific Southeast Region (California, Nevada) Justin Cutler, 916-414-6457.
Headquarters Office
Policy and Programs, U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Headquarters, Wildlife and Sport Fish Restoration Program, Policy and Programs Division, 5275 Leesburg Pike, MS: WSFR, , Falls Church, Virginia 22041-3803 Phone: (703) 358-2156.
Website Address
Financial Information
Account Identification
(Formula Grants) FY 14 $622,777,635; FY 15 est $663,525,088; and FY 16 est $665,000,000 - Wildlife Restoration

FY14 $622,777,635; FY15 $663,525,088; FY16 est $665,000,000. (Formula Grants) FY 14 $130,476,736; FY 15 est $136,950,000; and FY 16 est $139,650,000 - Hunter Education and Safety

FY14 $130,476,736; FY15 $136,950,000; FY16 est $139,650,000. The FY16 estimates for these funds are largely dependent on the economy and therefore, the amount of excise taxes collected from the sales of ammunition and firearms.
Range and Average of Financial Assistance
Range is $268,000 to $7,187,000; Average $2,750,000.
Regulations, Guidelines and Literature
50 CFR 80 contains the program regulation for this program. Matching and cost-sharing requirements are discussed in 50CFR 80.85 and 2 CFR 200.306. Applicants can visit these regulations and guidance at http://fawiki.fws.gov/display/WTK/Toolkit+Homepage.
Examples of Funded Projects
Fiscal Year 2014: The South Carolina Department of Natural Resources (SCDNR) and the National Wild Turkey Federation (NWTF) entered into an agreement for the development of a shooting range complex on approximately 300 acres of NWTF property. Currently NWTF has a small sporting clays course and rifle range on their property. Once completed this facility will provide a safe and functional outdoor facility for recreational shooting, firearm safety and hunter education, with particular emphasis on promoting youth involvement. The total cost is $2,000,000 ($1.3M federal (4C funds); $666,667 non-federal).
The California Department of Fish and Wildlife (CDFW) funded a project with the overall purpose to have approximately 850 California Hunter Education Instructor’s teach an average of 2,000 Hunter Education (HE) classes for 25,000 and 32,000 students each year. The total cost is $2.3M ($1.77M federal; $590,000 non-federal).
The Idaho Department of Fish and Game (IDFG) wants to develop a better understanding of the population drivers of pronghorn in various habitat types including native shrub-steppe, altered shrub-steppe, and agricultural communities. This information is necessary for conservation and management decisions, including hunting seasons, habitat improvement efforts, and technical assistance to public and private landowners. Fiscal Year 2015: Oregon has a Statewide Habitat Management grant that covers habitat restoration efforts in seven distinct Watershed Districts (Deschutes, John Day, Malheur, Klamath, Rogue, South Willamette, and Umpqua). Goals of the project are to: (1) Maintain, restore, or enhance wildlife habitat on public and private lands to optimize wildlife populations, while paying particular attention to listed species; (2) Evaluate, protect, or enhance existing habitat conditions or restore lost habitats on private and public lands; (3) Assist landowners by providing resources to restore and improve fish and wildlife habitat; and (4) Provide technical advice and assistance to local, State, and Federal agencies regarding land-use activities and proposed developments to promote conservation of fish and wildlife habitats.

The Alaska Department of Fish and Game (ADF&G) will be funding a project titled “How do regenerating burns influence moose populations and harvest in Interior Alaska?” Moose provide a considerable food resource to Alaskans and moose harvest also contributes to the economy of Alaska. The State of Alaska recognizes the importance of moose to its residents by including the species in laws designed to elevate harvest through intensive management. In accordance with this law, ADF&G developed plans to increase moose densities through habitat enhancement. However, no comprehensive plan exists for utilizing naturally-occurring burn scars to increase moose density and maximize harvest.

Indiana will develop the Willow Slough Shooting Range, replacing a shooting in Newton County using $2 million of Section 4 Hunter Education funds. A modern range will enhance the safety of the range while accommodating the demand. Development of this range is expected to increase the number of hunters and recreational shooters using the facilities to 15,000 users per year. Safety, customer service, and accessibility enhancements will all contribute to customer satisfaction. Fiscal Year 2016: The Program has not selected projects for funding. The Program anticipates funding projects to restore, conserve, manage and enhance wild birds and mammals and their habitats and to provide hunter development and safety programs.


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