WIOA Adult Program


Title I of the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA) authorized three of the six core programs included under WIOA. The Adult Program is one of the three core programs. The program serves individuals and helps employers meet their workforce needs. It enables workers to obtain good jobs by providing them with job search assistance and training opportunities. WIOA establishes a priority requirement with respect to funds allocated to a local area for adult employment and training activities. American Job Center staff, when using WIOA Adult funds to provide individualized career services and training services, must give priority to recipients of public assistance, other low-income individuals, and individuals who are basic skills deficient. Performance program measures include: 1. Employed 2nd Quarter After Exit; 2. Employed 4th Quarter After Exit; 3. Median Earnings Second Quarter After Exit; 4. Credential Attainment Rate; 5. Measurable Skills Gains; and Effectiveness in Serving Employers. The employment goals are measured by using the Unemployment Insurance Wage Records Information System whenever possible.

General information about this opportunity
Last Known Status
Program Number
Federal Agency/Office
Employment and Training Administration, Department of Labor
Type(s) of Assistance Offered
A - Formula Grants
Program Accomplishments
Fiscal Year 2016 Program budget is available at: https://www.doleta.gov/budget/ Program data not yet available. Program budget is available at: https://www.doleta.gov/budget Program data not yet available.
Fiscal Year 2017 Program budget is available at: https://www.doleta.gov/budget/ Program data not yet available.
Fiscal Year 2018 Program budget is available at: https://www.doleta.gov/budget/ Program data not yet available.
Fiscal Year 2019 The WIOA Title I Adult Program helps prepare adult job seekers, particularly those who are low income or low skilled, for good jobs, through formula grants to states. States use the funds to provide employment and training services through a network of approximately 2,400 American Job Centers (AJCs). WIOA provides employment and training services at three broad service levels to job seeker customers: basic and individualized career services, and training services. The Adult Program serves the broadest range of individuals, including, but not limited to, low income and public assistance recipients, basic skills deficient, migrant and seasonal farmworkers, Indian and Native Americans, and workers age 55 and older. In Fiscal Year 2019, the WIOA Adult Program served more than 544,000 participants. Of those, more than 168,000 received training services, and more than 108,000 were low income individuals. Of the more than 168,000 individuals in training, 45.8 percent had a Measurable Skills Gain, and 65.6 percent of exiters from training attained an industry-recognized credential.
Fiscal Year 2020 The Adult program operates on a program year (PY) basis (July 1 through June 30). DOL allocates funding to states based on a statutory formula pursuant to WIOA section 132(b). After reserving up to 15 percent of those funds for statewide activities, the states allocate the remainder to local workforce areas based on a formula distribution as described in WIOA section 133(b). For the first three quarters of Program Year (PY) 2020, the WIOA Adult program served more than 370,000 participants; of those, more than 188,000 received training services, and more than 230,000 were low income individuals. More than 268,000 were employed in the 2nd quarter after exit, and had a median earnings of more than $7,400 in the 2nd quarter after exit (months 4-6).
Fiscal Year 2023 For PY 2022, $867,000,000 was obligated for the WIOA Adult program; for PY 2023, $883,000,000 has been obligated. The recipients of these funds are the 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico and the outlying areas. However, as of PY 2023, the Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2023 allows the outlying areas the option to submit a single application according to the requirements established by the Secretary for a consolidated grant for Adult, Dislocated Worker and Youth funds. Please refer to CFDA 17.290. PY allotments are comprised of Base funds (beginning of PY) + Advance funds (beginning of fiscal year). Performance data is available for PY 2021 at https://www.dol.gov/agencies/eta/performance/wioa-performance. Performance data for PY 2022 will be available later this year.
Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA) of 2014. The Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA) was signed into law on July 22, 2014, and went into effect on July 1, 2015. The regulations were published in the Federal Register on August 19, 2016. The regulations for the Title I WIOA Adult, Dislocated Worker and Youth programs are at 20 CFR Parts 680 through 683, as well as the joint Department of Labor and Department of Education regulations found at 20 CFR parts 676 through 678., Public Law 113-128, Public Law 113-128
Who is eligible to apply/benefit from this assistance?
Applicant Eligibility
Under WIOA, the entities eligible to receive funding from the Department are the 50 States, Puerto Rico, the District of Columbia and the outlying areas. Funds are allotted based on a statutory formula. The states in turn allocate funds to local workforce development boards which are responsible for operating American Job Centers (approximately 2,400 nationwide).
Beneficiary Eligibility
All adults 18 years of age and older are eligible to receive career services. Several populations receive priority, with States and local areas being responsible for establishing procedures for applying the priority requirements. Priority of service is given to veterans and other covered persons. Priority for career and training services must be given to public assistance recipients, other low income populations, and low-skilled individuals.
Formula-funded programs must submit a Governor/Secretary Agreement and a State Plan. States also sign a grant document agreeing to comply with the Act and regulations.
What is the process for applying and being award this assistance?
Pre-Application Procedure
Preapplication coordination is required. This program is eligible for coverage under E.O. 12372, "Intergovernmental Review of Federal Programs." An applicant should consult the office or official designated as the single point of contact in his or her State for more information on the process the State requires to be followed in applying for assistance, if the State has selected the program for review.
Application Procedure
2 CFR 200, Uniform Administrative Requirements, Cost Principles, and Audit Requirements for Federal Awards applies to this program. The Governor must submit a single WIOA Unified or Combined State Plan in accordance with planning guidance issued through the Federal Register. The planning guidance provides detailed instruction on what must be included in the State Plan, and provides a framework for collaboration across programs and integration of services, including the WIOA Title I programs, Title III Wagner-Peyser Activities, and WIOA Titles II and IV programs housed with the Department of Education. The Combined State Plan includes the six "core" programs of the Unified Plan as well as other workforce development programs administered by the Department of Labor, the Department of Education, Health and Human Services, the Department of Agriculture, and the Department of Housing and Urban Development. States submit the Unified or Combined State Plan to www.wioaplans.ed.gov.
Award Procedure
Those portions of the State Plan over which the Assistant Secretary for Employment and Training exercises authority are reviewed and approved by the Employment and Training Administration. Formula funds are awarded to the states based on a statutory formula provided in the authorizing legislation.
Contact the headquarters or regional location, as appropriate for application deadlines
Approval/Disapproval Decision Time
From 60 to 90 days. State plans will be reviewed in accordance with 20 CFR 661.220(e), which provides that the Secretary must approve all state plans within 90 days of their submission, unless the Secretary determines in writing that: (1) the State Plan is inconsistent with the provisions of Title I of WIOA or the WIOA regulations, including 29 CFR Part 37; or (2) the portion of the State Plan impacting the Wagner-Peyser Act plan does not satisfy the criteria for approval in Section 8(d) of the Wagner-Peyser Act or the Wagner-Peyser Act regulations at 20 CFR Part 652.
Not applicable.
Not applicable.
How are proposals selected?
Not applicable.
How may assistance be used?
WIOA specifies that most services for adults will be provided through the American Job Center Network, also known as one-stop career centers or workforce centers. It authorizes that funds be used to provide career services, which are classified into two categories: basic and individualized services. Basic services are available to all job seekers and include labor exchange services, labor market information, job listings, and information on partner programs. Individualized services include training and supportive services, such as child care and needs-related payments. These are made available to individuals after an interview, assessment or evaluation determines that the individual requires training to obtain employment. These training services will be linked to job opportunities in their communities, including occupational training, work-based training and basic skills training. To promote customer choice and involvement in career decisions, some participants use an "Individual Training Account (ITA)" to select an appropriate training program from an eligible training provider.
What are the requirements after being awarded this opportunity?
Performance Reports: Monitoring is conducted by Regional Federal Project Officers based on a risk assessment.
Not applicable.
Nonfederal entities are required to maintain adequate records in accordance with 2 CFR Part 200.333, 29 CFR 95 and 97, as applicable.
Other Assistance Considerations
Formula and Matching Requirements
Statutory Formula: Title Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act Public Law 113-128

Matching requirements are not applicable to this assistance listing.

This program has MOE requirements, see funding agency for further details. Additional Information:
Length and Time Phasing of Assistance
Formula funds are allotted every year to a state in two portions during a program year and are available for expenditure by the state for that program year and the two succeeding program years. Method of awarding/releasing assistance: Letter.
Who do I contact about this opportunity?
Regional or Local Office
Contact appropriate Regional Employment and Training Office listed in Appendix IV of the Catalog.
Headquarters Office
Robert Kight
200 Constitution Ave., NW, Room S-4203
Washington, DC 20210 US
Phone: 202-693-3937
Website Address
Financial Information
Account Identification
(Formula Grants) FY 22$867,000,000.00; FY 23 est $883,000,000.00; FY 24 est $883,000,000.00; FY 21$861,000,000.00; FY 20$855,000,000.00; FY 19$846,000,000.00; FY 18$843,000,000.00; FY 17$813,000,000.00; FY 16$813,000,000.00; -
Range and Average of Financial Assistance
WIOA formula grant amounts vary annually and are published in the Federal Register.
Regulations, Guidelines and Literature
WIOA Final Rule (DOL only), 20 CFR Part 603, 651, 652 et.al., and WIOA Joint Final Rule (DOL and Education), 20 CFR Part 676, 677, 678 are available at: https://www/doleta.gov/wioa/Final_Rules_Resources.cfm
Examples of Funded Projects
Not applicable.