Special Education Grants to States


To provide grants to States to assist them in providing special education and related services to all children with disabilities.

General information about this opportunity
Last Known Status
Program Number
Federal Agency/Office
Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services, Department of Education
Type(s) of Assistance Offered
A - Formula Grants
Program Accomplishments
Not applicable.
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), as amended, Part B, Sections 611-618, 20 U.S.C. 1411-1418
Who is eligible to apply/benefit from this assistance?
Applicant Eligibility
State educational agencies in the 50 States, District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, American Samoa, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, Guam and Virgin Islands, the Department of the Interior, and freely associated States. Local educational agencies apply to their State educational agency for subgrants.
Beneficiary Eligibility
Children with disabilities will benefit.
No State or jurisdiction may receive a grant unless the Secretary has approved the annual application and statement of assurances.
What is the process for applying and being award this assistance?
Pre-Application Procedure
Preapplication coordination is required. This program is eligible for coverage under E.O. 12372, "Intergovernmental Review of Federal Programs." An applicant should consult the office or official designated as the single point of contact in his or her State for more information on the process the State requires to be followed in applying for assistance, if the State has selected the program for review. An applicant should consult the office or official designated as the single point of contact in his or her State for more information on the process the State requires to be followed in applying for assistance, if the State has selected the program for review.
Application Procedure
2 CFR 200, Uniform Administrative Requirements, Cost Principles, and Audit Requirements for Federal Awards applies to this program. States are eligible to receive funds under this program if the State establishes eligibility for funds under Section 612 of Part B of the IDEA. Local education agencies establish eligibility by meeting local application eligibility requirements of Section 613 of Part B of the IDEA.
Award Procedure
Once the State application has been approved, a grant award is forwarded to the State department of education. Notification of the award is made to Chief State School Officer. States make subgrants to eligible local educational agencies from their initial grant award after setting aside funds for administration and state-level activities.
Contact the headquarters or regional location, as appropriate for application deadlines
Approval/Disapproval Decision Time
The time for reviewing the State's application is determined by EDGAR (in 34 CFR ?76.703) and ranges from 45 to 90 days.
The Department must not take final action to disapprove an application until the State is provided reasonable notice and an opportunity for a hearing. The State must request a hearing no later than 30 days after it receives notice of the proposed final determination that the State is not eligible to receive its award.
Not applicable.
How are proposals selected?
States and other eligible entities qualify for funding based upon applications approved under IDEA, Section 612.
How may assistance be used?
States must distribute all grant funds that the State does not reserve for administration of the program or other State-level activities to eligible local educational agencies. Funds are used by State and local educational agencies, in accordance with the IDEA, to help provide the special education and related services needed to make a free appropriate public education available to all eligible children and, in some cases, to provide early intervening services.
What are the requirements after being awarded this opportunity?
Performance Reports: 34 CFR 80.41
In accordance with the provisions of 2 CFR 200, Subpart F - Audit Requirements, non-Federal entities that expend financial assistance of $750,000 or more in Federal awards will have a single or a program-specific audit conducted for that year. Non-Federal entities that expend less than $750,000 a year in Federal awards are exempt from Federal audit requirements for that year, except as noted in 2 CFR 200.503.
As required by EDGAR for State administered programs (34 CFR 76.730-731). Generally, the State and its subgrantees must retain records related to grant funds and compliance for a period of 3 years from the date the grantee or subgrantee submits its final expenditure report for that funding period. 34 CFR 80.42. Also, all records supporting claims for Federal funds or relating to the accountability of the grantee for the expenditure of such funds must be accessible for administrative review.
Other Assistance Considerations
Formula and Matching Requirements
Statutory formula is not applicable to this assistance listing.

Matching requirements are not applicable to this assistance listing.

This program has MOE requirements, see funding agency for further details. Additional Information:
Length and Time Phasing of Assistance
Grants are issued each fiscal year. The Federal obligation period is a 15-month period from July 1 through September 30. States and local education agencies have an additional 12-month period to obligate funds they receive. Contact the program office for this information.
Who do I contact about this opportunity?
Regional or Local Office
None/Not specified.
Headquarters Office
Gregg Corr
Office of Special Education Programs, Department of Education, 400 Maryland Avenue, SW
Washington, DC 20202 US
Phone: (202) 245-7309
Website Address
Financial Information
Account Identification
(Formula Grants) FY 22$13,343,704,000.00; FY 23 est $14,193,704,000.00; FY 24 est $16,259,193,000.00; FY 21$15,517,479,000.00; FY 20$12,764,392,000.00; FY 19$12,364,392,000.00; FY 18$12,002,848,000.00; FY 17$12,002,848,000.00; FY 16$11,912,848,000.00; -
Range and Average of Financial Assistance
In FY 2022, regular annual allotments to States, including DC and Puerto Rico, ranged from $25.9 million to $1.6 billion, with an average award of $297.6 million. Grants to outlying areas ranged from $6.3 million to $20.3 million. The Department of Interior received $100.0 million.
Regulations, Guidelines and Literature
Program regulations are at 34 CFR 300, and 34 CFR 76-77,79,80-82,84-86, and 97-99.
Examples of Funded Projects
Fiscal Year 2017 No Current Data Available.
Fiscal Year 2018 No Current Data Available.
Fiscal Year 2019 No Current Data Available.