Snow Survey and Water Supply Forecasting


To provide reliable, accurate, and timely forecasts of surface water supply to water users and water managers in the West. To efficiently obtain, manage, and disseminate high quality data and information on snow, water, climate, and hydrologic conditions. To provide climate data to support NRCS conservation planning tools.

General information about this opportunity
Last Known Status
Program Number
Federal Agency/Office
Natural Resources Conservation Service, Department of Agriculture
Type(s) of Assistance Offered
L - Dissemination of Technical Information; Z - Salaries and Expenses
Program Accomplishments
Not applicable.
Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act, Public Law 74-76, 16 U.S.C. 590 a-f
Who is eligible to apply/benefit from this assistance?
Applicant Eligibility
General public, including those located in U.S. Territories.
Beneficiary Eligibility
General public, including those located in U.S. Territories.
Not applicable.
What is the process for applying and being award this assistance?
Pre-Application Procedure
Preapplication coordination is not applicable.
Application Procedure
2 CFR 200, Uniform Administrative Requirements, Cost Principles, and Audit Requirements for Federal Awards applies to this program. Individuals can make requests for reports from NRCS Field and State offices that issued them, and from the NRCS National Water and Climate Center (NWCC) in Portland, OR.
Award Procedure
Not applicable.
Not applicable.
Approval/Disapproval Decision Time
Not applicable.
Not applicable.
Not applicable.
How are proposals selected?
Not applicable.
How may assistance be used?
Information is used by owners and operators of 30,000,000 irrigated acres in the mountain States, and the far West; as well as help for farm operators, rural communities, and municipalities which use water supply forecasts to manage water resources. Data are also used in administering international and interstate river flow distribution contracts and agreements, and in the regulation of hundreds of small and large reservoirs for irrigation, flood control, power generation, recreation, industry, and municipal supplies. Data also provide soil moisture/temperature and climate data which supports drought assessments, flood assessment, fire hazard assessment, wildlife management and climate change research. Cooperators include other Federal agencies, State agencies, municipalities, irrigation districts, water associations and private utilities, and water management officials in Canada and Mexico.
What are the requirements after being awarded this opportunity?
Not applicable.
In accordance with the provisions of 2 CFR 200, Subpart F - Audit Requirements, nonfederal entities that expend financial assistance of $750,000 or more in Federal awards will have a single or a program-specific audit conducted for that year. Non-Federal entities that expend less than $750,000 a year in Federal awards are exempt from Federal audit requirements for that year, except as noted in 2 CFR 200.503
Not applicable.
Other Assistance Considerations
Formula and Matching Requirements
Statutory formula is not applicable to this assistance listing.

Matching requirements are not applicable to this assistance listing.

MOE requirements are not applicable to this assistance listing.
Length and Time Phasing of Assistance
Method of awarding/releasing assistance: is not applicable. Not applicable
Who do I contact about this opportunity?
Regional or Local Office
State and local offices of the Natural Resources Conservation Service in Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, Wyoming, and the National Water and Climate Center (NWCC) in Portland, OR. For a list of NRCS State offices with telephone numbers and addresses, information is available on the internet at California's Department of Water Resources (DWR), coordinates and issues snow surveys for California. Also, the Provinces of British Columbia and Alberta provide relevant snow information.
Headquarters Office
Cara McCarthy, Acting National Water and Climate Center Program Manager for Snow Survey and Water Supply Forecasting,
Natural Resources Conservation Service-, U.S. Department of Agriculture-, 1201 NE Lloyd Blvd
Portland, OR 97232 US
Phone: 503-414-3088
Website Address
Financial Information
Account Identification
(Salaries and Expenses) FY 22$9,174,000.00; FY 23 est $17,661,000.00; FY 24 est $17,017,000.00; FY 21$10,801,000.00; FY 20$8,844,000.00; FY 19$8,335,000.00; FY 18$8,939,000.00; FY 17$8,523,000.00; FY 16$9,510,000.00; -
Range and Average of Financial Assistance
Not applicable
Regulations, Guidelines and Literature
Snow Surveys, AIB 536.
Examples of Funded Projects
Not applicable.


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