Smart Prosecution Initiative

 

The Smart Prosecution Initiative builds off of the lessons learned from BJA’s other SMART Suite programs and seeks to pair action researchers with prosecutor offices to develop solutions—such as “hot spot” strategies, sophisticated crime analysis, offender-based policies, and risk and needs assessment—that create prosecution strategies in an effort to break down information silos, advance communities, improve public trust and confidence in the justice system, and increase public safety.

As prosecutors implement innovative, best practices or evidenced-based approaches to address the goals listed below, there is a need to evaluate their efforts. The Smart Prosecution Initiative seeks to encourage exploration of new solutions to public safety concerns, as well as internal operations and organizational structure, while employing research partners at the problem definition stage through assessment of strategies and solutions. Some creative solutions developed by prosecutors around the country include changing how their organizations prioritize cases, using zone/geographic prosecution, using crime analysis tools to reduce gun violence, nuisance abatement, crime prevention through environmental design, drug-free and prostitute-free zones, restorative justice, community courts, truancy abatement, diversion programs, crime analysis, and cyber-crime strategies to improve public safety. Prosecutors are becoming partnership builders who bring the police, the community, and other criminal justice and local agencies together to find ways they can work together to solve problems in their jurisdictions.

The goal of Smart Prosecution is to develop a body of knowledge about data-driven strategies—innovative, best practice, or evidenced-based—as they are implemented by prosecutors. BJA sought applications from state, local, or tribal prosecutor agencies interested in testing data-driven approaches that address one or more of the following three goals:

• Promoting fair, impartial, and expeditious pursuit of justice;
• Ensuring safe communities; and
• Promoting integrity in the prosecution profession and effective coordination in the criminal justice system.

General information about this opportunity
Last Known Status
Active
Program Number
16.825
Federal Agency/Office
Agency: Department of Justice
Office: Bureau of Justice Assistance
Type(s) of Assistance Offered
Project Grants (Discretionary)
Program Accomplishments
Fiscal Year 2014: BJA made four grant awards in the initial year of this initiative. Funded programs included expansion of a prosecutor diversion program, creation of a prosecutorial crime strategies unit, implementation of a misdemeanor prostitution diversion court, and development of neighborhood justice panels that are guided by evidence-based risk assessments. Additional grant funds enabled intensive training and technical assistance to the grantees but also non-grantees wishing to implement a smart prosecution strategy. Fiscal Year 2015: No Current Data Available Fiscal Year 2016: No Current Data Available
Authorization
Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2014
Pub. L. No. 113-76, 128 Stat. 5, 61; and, an act appropriating funds for the Department of Justice in the current fiscal year., Public Law 113-76, 128 Stat. 5, 61.
Who is eligible to apply/benefit from this assistance?
Applicant Eligibility
Site-based-- Eligible applicants are limited to state, local, and tribal prosecutor agencies or a government agency acting as fiscal agent for the applicant.

TTA-- Eligible applicants are limited to for-profit (commercial) organizations, nonprofit organizations, and institutions of higher learning that support national initiatives to improve the functioning of the criminal justice system. For-profit organizations must agree to waive any profit or fees for services.
Beneficiary Eligibility
N/A.
Credentials/Documentation
The application must include: Application for Federal Assistance (Standard Form 424); Program Abstract; Program Narrative; Budget and Budget Narrative.


Regarding the question below relating to the applicability of 2 CFR 200, Subpart E - Cost Principles: The cost principles are generally applicable, except with respect to for-profit entities or to organizations listed at Appendix VIII to 2 CFR Part 200. 2 CFR 200, Subpart E - Cost Principles applies to this program.
What is the process for applying and being award this assistance?
Pre-Application Procedure
The application of E.O. 12372 is contingent upon whether the state has designated an entity to coordinate and review proposed federal financial assistance. See list of states that require this at: https://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/grants_spoc. Environmental impact information is not required for this program. This program is excluded from coverage under E.O. 12372.
Application Procedure
2 CFR 200, Uniform Administrative Requirements, Cost Principles, and Audit Requirements for Federal Awards applies to this program. Applicants must submit completed applications via the Office of Justice Programs, Grants Management System or through grants.gov following established criteria. The receipt, review, and analysis of applications will follow Office of Justice Programs policies and procedures for the administration of grant applications. Specific application instructions for solicitations are available at the Office of Justice Programs web site (http://www.ojp.gov/funding/solicitations.htm).


The 2 CFR 200, Uniform Administrative Requirements, Cost Principles, and Audit Requirements for Federal Awards: Uniform administrative requirements apply to all OJP grants. The cost principles are generally applicable, except with respect to for-profit entities or to organizations listed at Appendix VIII to 2 CFR Part 200.
Audit requirements are dependent upon the amount of the award and whether the grantee is a for-profit or non-profit entity.
Award Procedure
Upon approval by the Assistant Attorney General, successful applicants are notified via the Grants Management System. One copy of the grant award must be signed by the authorized official and returned to the Office of Justice Programs.
Deadlines
Contact the headquarters or regional office, as appropriate, for application deadlines.
Approval/Disapproval Decision Time
From 90 to 120 days.
Appeals
From 90 to 120 days. For Formula awards, please see 28 CFR Part 18. There are no appeal rights for rejection of a discretionary application, but for discretionary awards, please see section 28 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 18.
Renewals
A grant may be supplemented.
How are proposals selected?
Criteria are described in the OJP Program Announcement available at http://www.ojp.gov/funding/solicitations.htm.
How may assistance be used?
Funding is for site-based awards and training and technical assistance (TTA). Funds maybe used to test data-driven strategies—innovative, best practice, or evidenced-based—as they are implemented by prosecutors. Smart Prosecution applicants will identify a problem to be addressed and enlist a local research partner to help assess the effectiveness of their Smart Prosecution Effort.
What are the requirements after being awarded this opportunity?
Reporting
No program reports are required. No cash reports are required. Recipients are required to submit semi-annual Progress Reports. Recipients are required to submit quarterly Financial Reports. To assist in fulfilling the Departments responsibilities under the Government Performance and Results Act of 1993 (GPRA), Public Law 103-62, and the GPRA Modernization Act of 2010, Public Law 111–352, recipients must provide data that measures the results of their work.
Auditing
In accordance with the provisions of 2 CFR 200, Subpart F - Audit Requirements, non-Federal entities that expend financial assistance of $750,000 or more in Federal awards will have a single or a program-specific audit conducted for that year. Non-Federal entities that expend less than $750,000 a year in Federal awards are exempt from Federal audit requirements for that year, except as noted in 2 CFR 200.503. Payments and transactions are subject to audits by the Government Accountability Office, Department of Justice’s Office of the Inspector General, state or local government auditors, and auditors from independent public accounting firms. Jurisdictions must follow their local policies and procedures, including maintenance of reliable and accurate accounting systems, record keeping, and systems of internal control.
Records
In accordance with the requirement set forth in 2 CFR 200, Subpart F, grantees must maintain all financial records, supporting documents, statistical records, and all other records pertinent to the award for at least 3 years following the close of the most recent audit.
Other Assistance Considerations
Formula and Matching Requirements
This program has no statutory formula.
This program has no matching requirements.
This program does not have MOE requirements.
Length and Time Phasing of Assistance
Assistance is drawn down according to a timeline submitted by grantee. See the following for information on how assistance is awarded/released: See the following for information on how assistance is awarded/release: Office of Justice Programs’ Financial Guide (http://www.ojp.gov/funding/solicitations.htm) and Post Award Instructions (http://ojp.gov/funding/Implement/Resources/PostAwardInstructions.pdf).
Who do I contact about this opportunity?
Regional or Local Office
None.
Headquarters Office
Kim Ball U.S. Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
Bureau of Justice Assistance
810 7th Street, NW, Washington, District of Columbia 20531 Phone: 202-616-6500
Website Address
http://www.bja.gov
Financial Information
Account Identification
15-0404-0-1-754.
Obligations
(Project Grants (Discretionary)) FY 14 $2,500,000; FY 15 est $5,000,000; and FY 16 est $5,000,000
Range and Average of Financial Assistance
No Data Available.
Regulations, Guidelines and Literature
Solicitation guidelines are posted on the Office of Justice Programs web site at http://www.ojp.gov/funding/solicitations.htm.
For additional guidance reference the Office of Justice Programs’ Financial Guide (http://ojp.gov/financialguide/index.htm) and Post award Instructions (http://ojp.gov/funding/Implement/Resources/PostAwardInstructions.pdf). Applicable administrative requirements and Department of Justice regulations applicable to specific types of grantees can be found in title 2 of the Code of Federal Regulations (2 C.F.R.).
Examples of Funded Projects
Fiscal Year 2014: Cook County IL State's Attorney Office. The Cook County State’s Attorney Office is expanding and evaluating their Misdemeanor Deferred Prosecution Enhancement Program, which seeks to reduce subsequent criminal behavior, reduce costs to the system, minimize the collateral consequences resulting from low-level nonviolent convictions, and share findings with the larger community.

Harris County, TX. The Harris County District Attorney's Office in partnership with the County Court of Law is establishing a Misdemeanor Prostitution Court that identifies and treats the needs of prostituted young adults, ages 17-25, who are at an increased risk of further sexual exploitation.

Office of the Los Angeles City Attorney. The Los Angeles City Attorney is implementing INTERCEPT, which stands for Introducing New Tools based on Evidence and Risk-assessments to Confirm Eligibility for Prosecution Treatment. This new program utilizes evidence-based risk assessments to evaluate prosecutorial diversion options for misdemeanor offenders and implements restorative justice strategies in the form of community justice panels.

San Francisco District Attorney's Office. The San Francisco District Attorney’s Office is establishing a Crime Strategies and Intelligence Unit. This new unit will gather appropriate and valid data, using statistical tools to identify chronic locations and chronic offenders in San Francisco. In addition, the unit will work closely with neighborhood prosecution teams to identify offenders and cases for the Neighborhood Courts. Fiscal Year 2015: No Current Data Available Fiscal Year 2016: No Current Data Available

 



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