Residential Substance Abuse Treatment for State Prisoners


Goals: The goal of the RSAT Program is to assist states and units of local and tribal governments to break the cycle of incarceration for drug addiction and violence by reducing the demand for, use, and trafficking of illegal drugs. Objectives: RSAT enhances jurisdiction?s capabilities to prepare individuals for their reintegration into the communities from which they came by incorporating reentry planning activities into treatment programs; and assists individuals and their communities through the reentry process through the delivery of community-based treatment and other broad-based aftercare services.

General information about this opportunity
Last Known Status
Program Number
Federal Agency/Office
Office of Justice Programs, Department of Justice
Type(s) of Assistance Offered
A - Formula Grants
Program Accomplishments
Fiscal Year 2017 1) Since September 2017, there have been 11 webinars, with up to 500 participants, including those downloading podcasts of the webinars. 2) The RSAT website interactive forum has sponsored three discussions, attracting a total of 694 participants. 3) RSAT TTA faculty has provided on-site technical assistance to jails in California and prisons in Michigan as well as off-site technical assistance in more than a dozen other states. 4) RSAT TTA convened two national roundtables to develop Promising Practices Guidelines for Residential Substance Abuse Treatment and Jail-Based Medication-Assisted Treatment, Promising Practices, Guidelines, and Resources for the Field. The roundtables included representatives of SAMHSA, NIC, NIJ, NIDA, BJA, and ONDCP as well as nongovernment organizations, American Probation and Parole Association, American Correctional Association, American Society of Addiction Medicine, National Sheriffs’ Association, and the National Association of Drug Court Professionals as well as researchers and RSAT practitioners from Kentucky, New York, Rhode Island, Massachusetts, California and Maryland. 5) Through its technical assistance, webinars and conference presentation, including presenting at the National Sheriffs’ Association State Authority, RSAT TTA has aggressively promoted the expansion of prison and jail MAT programming contributing to a new jail MAT program being opened on average every two weeks across the country. In addition, a half dozen state departments of corrections have established MAT programming in at least one prison facility over this fiscal year. 6) Through two webinars, RSAT TTA has introduced two new innovative adjuncts for model jail and prison drug treatment programs and reentry. The first featured the use of electronic tablets that inmates take with them when they reenter the community to better help them realize transitional and reentry plans and referrals made before release. So far, only Utah’s Department of Corrections and Parole Department have implemented this program. The second featured development of model naloxone distribution programs for exiting inmates and their families that has been shown to reduce the heightened risk of overdose deaths among recently released inmates. So far at least two state departments of corrections and a dozen jails have implemented this program. 7) Promising Practices Guidelines for Residential Substance Abuse Treatment was released in November, 2017 and has been widely circulated and cited by a major nongovernment organization in its funding of prison and jail treatment and reform program. Jail-Based Medication-Assisted Treatment, Promising Practices, Guidelines, and Resources for the Field is due to be released shortly by the National Sheriffs’ Association. Already, the California correctional officials have requested copies for twenty sheriffs funded this year to establish medication-assisted treatment in their jails.
Fiscal Year 2018 Since September 2018, there have been 8 webinars attended by a total of 776 registered attendees plus another approximately 150 downloading podcasts of the webinars. The RSAT website interactive forum has sponsored five discussions, attracting a total of 657 participants. RSAT TTA faculty has provided on-site technical assistance to jails in Massachusetts, Missouri, Guam, Colorado, and prisons in Connecticut, Louisiana and Georgia, as well as off-site technical assistance in more than a dozen other states. In November of 2018, AHP initiated a survey of state and county level RSAT programs across the country and US territories in an effort to obtain short descriptions of programming and operations. Most questions asked to RSAT Directors were based upon the PPG for RSAT, providing AHP with information to recognize that a more comprehensive fidelity assessment for RSAT programs would be beneficial. With the help field experts, AHP staff drafted a Fidelity Assessment Instrument (FAI) for RSAT. The FAI is based on the seven Promising Practices Guidelines for RSAT programs, obtains information through a combination of structured interviews and requested materials / data. A mixture of six county and state RSAT Programs were chosen to pilot the FAI, all originally a program interviewed for the RSAT survey. Each FAI pilot site has helped to revise the instrument to become more efficient as well as relevant to the Promising Practices Guidelines. The goal of the Fidelity Assessment Instrument- Revised (FAI-R) is to help strengthen state and local RSAT Program operations and services and to promote evidence-based / promising practices to better accomplish its mission of providing treatment to incarcerated individuals with substance use disorders. RSAT-TTA staff have developed and updated guides and references in response to requests from RSAT programs around the country. Role of Corrections Officers in Jail/Prison Substance Use Disorder Treatment Programs (RSAT) was developed to enhance correctional officers understanding of substance use disorder treatment programs and their role in contributing to the goals and objectives of these programs, namely breaking the cycle of drug use and contributing to public safety. Correctional Officers that review and reference this guide will gain a better understanding of the role RSAT substance use disorder treatment plays in addressing criminogenic risk factors and presumably will be more invested in contributing to the success of both individual inmates under their supervision and the overall treatment program. The RSAT Training Tool - Preventing, Detecting and Treating HIV/AIDS and Viral Hepatitis: Health Promotion and Risk/Harm Reduction in Substance Abuse Treatment was updated to educate RSAT staff about long-term treatment programs about prevention, the benefits of testing and early identification, and the availability of treatment. RSAT staff will also be able to offer support to clients diagnosed with serious health conditions so they can learn to cope, make informed choices about medical care, and take responsibility for protecting others from exposure. Ensuring RSAT clients are screened and tested for HIV and other infectious diseases and that they understand how to protect themselves, their partners and companions are all recommended components of addiction treatment. Comprehensive Update on State Medicaid Coverage of Medication-Assisted Treatments and Substance Use Disorder Services was also updated. The most recently updated version of this manual builds on the foundational knowledge of ASAM’s comprehensive review of state Medicaid coverage for FDA-approved medications and treatment services for individuals with opioid use disorders (OUDs) and SAMHSA’s review of state Medicaid coverage of medications for all substance use disorders also added information on coverage of drugs approved for MAT of alcohol use disorders (AUDs). Revisions reflect changes in Medicaid coverage for relevant services and to preferred drug lists/formularies. Changes to Medicaid Managed Care coverage guidelines, provisions of waiver applications and approved programs, and the implementation status of work requirements in various states have also been added. Overdose fatality rates for 2016 are based on Centers for Disease Control final mortality data, and projected provisional drug overdose fatality rates for 2017, as of August 2018. A summary of state prescription drug monitoring program (PDMP) mandates has been added. Health Literacy: Health and Wellness Recovery, Self-Management Tools for RSAT, Prison, Jail, and Aftercare Programs provides suggestions for health promotion activities and priorities for RSAT programs. It offers RSAT staff tools for assessing health literacy levels, materials that introduce health and wellness as a component of recovery self-management, and ways of increasing access to post-release care. It also includes a section on overdose prevention that can help RSAT programs impart basic, potentially life-saving information to participants.
Fiscal Year 2019 As of May 2019, the FAI has been piloted in two RSAT programs in state prisons (Tennessee DOC and a state Community Corrections program in Arkansas) and one RSAT program at a county jail (Essex County Sheriff’s Department in Massachusetts). The instrument and process has become more efficient since the first pilot site, and the goal is to prepare a revised Fidelity Assessment Instrument and process that can be implemented in corrections departments with RSAT-funded programs around the country. RSAT-TTA is in the process of collaborating with the National Criminal Justice Association (NCJA, International Community Corrections Association (ICCA) and Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) to plan the 2019 Forum on Criminal Justice in Arlington, VA this September.
34 U.S.C. 10421
Who is eligible to apply/benefit from this assistance?
Applicant Eligibility
States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, America Samoa, Guam, and the Northern Mariana Islands are eligible to apply. By statute 42 U.S.C. 3796ff-1(e), the Bureau of Justice Assistance must award RSAT grants to the State office ( designated to administer the Byrne Justice Assistance Grant Program. The State office may award subgrants to state agencies and units of local government (including federally recognized Indian tribal governments that perform law enforcement functions, as determined by the Secretary of the Interior). Applicant States must agree to implement or continue to require urinalysis and/or other proven reliable forms of drug and alcohol testing of individuals assigned to residential substance abuse treatment programs in correctional facilities.
Beneficiary Eligibility
State and local correctional agencies will implement programs to provide treatment to incarcerated offenders.
The applicant must submit a completed Application for Federal Assistance (Standard Form 424), including signed assurances that it will comply with statutory and administrative requirements. The applicant is also required to submit a description that includes the goals of the program, the implementation process, timetable for implementation, how the State will coordinate substance abuse treatment activities at the State and local levels, and the State's law or policy requiring substance abuse testing of individuals in correctional residential substance abuse treatment programs.
What is the process for applying and being award this assistance?
Pre-Application Procedure
Preapplication coordination is required. An environmental impact statement is required for this listing. This program is eligible for coverage under E.O. 12372, "Intergovernmental Review of Federal Programs." An applicant should consult the office or official designated as the single point of contact in his or her State for more information on the process the State requires to be followed in applying for assistance, if the State has selected the program for review. An applicant should consult the office or official designated as the single point of contact in his or her State for more information on the process the State requires to be followed in applying for assistance, if the State has selected the program for review.
Application Procedure
2 CFR 200, Uniform Administrative Requirements, Cost Principles, and Audit Requirements for Federal Awards applies to this program. See the current fiscal year's solicitation available at
Award Procedure
Upon approval by the Assistant Attorney General, successful applicants are notified via the Grants Management System. One copy of the grant award must be signed by the authorized official and returned to the Office of Justice Programs.
Contact the headquarters or regional location, as appropriate for application deadlines
Approval/Disapproval Decision Time
See the current fiscal year's solicitation available at
For Formula awards, please see 28 CFR Part 18. There are no appeal rights for rejection of a discretionary application, but for discretionary awards, please see 28 CFR Part 18.
Formula grants will be renewed each year, contingent upon Congressional appropriations.
How are proposals selected?
See the current fiscal year's solicitation available at
How may assistance be used?
The Residential Substance Abuse Treatment formula grant funds may be used to implement residential substance abuse programs that provide individual and group treatment activities for offenders in residential facilities operated by State and local correctional agencies. These programs must 1) last between 6 and 12 months; 2) be provided in residential treatment facilities set apart from the general correctional population; 3) focus on the substance abuse problems of the inmate; and 4) develop the inmate's cognitive, behavioral, social, vocational, and other skills to solve the substance abuse and related problems.
What are the requirements after being awarded this opportunity?
Performance Reports: To assist in fulfilling the Departments responsibilities under the Government Performance and Results Act of 1993 (GPRA), Public Law 103-62, and the GPRA Modernization Act of 2010, Public Law 111–352, recipients must provide data that measures the results of their work.
In accordance with the requirement set forth in 2 CFR 200, Subpart F, grantees must maintain all financial records, supporting documents, statistical records, and all other records pertinent to the award for at least 3 years following the close of the most recent audit. For additional guidance, please visit
Other Assistance Considerations
Formula and Matching Requirements
Statutory formula is not applicable to this assistance listing.

Matching is voluntary. 25%. Matching Requirements: Percent: 25%. Grant funds are allocated to the States using the following formula: a) each participating State is allocated a base amount of 0.4 percent of the total funds available for the program; and b) the remaining funds are allocated to each participating State in the ratio its prison population bears to the total prison population of all participating States. The most recent National Prisoner Statistics collected by the Bureau of Justice Statistics are used to make these allocations. The Federal share of a grant-funded project may not exceed 75 percent of the total costs of the project. The 25 percent matching funds must be in the form of a cash match.

MOE requirements are not applicable to this assistance listing.
Length and Time Phasing of Assistance
Funds for each fiscal year will be awarded for a period that includes the fiscal year of the appropriation plus three additional years, for a total of four years. See the following for information on how assistance is awarded/released: Department of Justice Grants Financial Guide ( and Post Award Instructions (
Who do I contact about this opportunity?
Regional or Local Office
None/Not specified.
Headquarters Office
Timothy Jeffries
U.S. Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
Bureau of Justice Assistance
810 7th Street, NW
Washington, DC 20531 US
Phone: (202) 616-7385
Website Address
Financial Information
Account Identification
(Formula Grants) FY 18$27,170,769.00; FY 19 est $30,000,000.00; FY 20 est $30,000,000.00; -
Range and Average of Financial Assistance
Individual state and territory awards ranged from $35,000 to $908,000.
Regulations, Guidelines and Literature
Solicitation guidelines are posted on the Office of Justice Programs web site at For additional guidance reference the Department of Justice Grants Financial Guide ( ) and Post award Instructions ( Applicable OMB Circulars and Department of Justice regulations applicable to specific types of grantees can be found in title 2 of the Code of Federal Regulations (2 C.F.R.).
Examples of Funded Projects
Fiscal Year 2019 1) RSAT program develops peer Recovery Coaches and focuses on family reunification as part of its re-entry planning: The Women's Therapeutic Residential Center (WTRC) in the West Tennessee State Penitentiary provides a healthy, safe and secure environment within which gender-responsive treatment, educational services, career development and reentry services focus on treating substance use disorders and changing criminal behavior. WTRC is a modified women's therapeutic residential community behavioral model program that utilizes cognitive behavioral therapy, motivational interviewing skills and Certified Peer Recovery Coaches. Eligible women have the opportunity to have the children stay for weekends once a month on-site in a building rebuilt and repurposed by residents. The WTRC a highly structured environment where peer interaction mediated through a variety of group processes is emphasized as the medium for change. 2) RSAT Program offers specialized mental health services and MAT to inmate population with co-occurring disorders: The RSAT Program within the East Central Arkansas Community Corrections Center (EC CCC) in West Memphis is a separate 90-bed Unit at a facility that houses 350 women. The Special Needs program is a therapeutic community that provides services for women with co-occurring disorders: substance use disorders, mental health disorders and women with physical disabilities / limitations. The residents are provided evidence-based services, trauma-informed care, utilize tablet technology and are offered MAT/Vivitrol. 3) RSAT Program provides MAT and a variety of special programming focused on re-entry, criminogenic behavior and family planning: The Steve Hoyle Intensive Substance Abuse Program (SHISAP) is a RSAT funded program that is sited within its own facility on a three-building state correctional campus in Bossier Parrish Correctional Center, Plain Dealing, LA. The facility is a 600-bed treatment program for men that focuses on substance use disorders, criminogenic and re-entry needs. SHISAP is a six-month program but many graduates will enter a three month or more Re-Entry / Aftercare program on-site. All programming utilizes evidence-based interventions such as cognitive behavioral principles, family involvement and structured curriculum. Men with an opiate use disorder complete a longer program which lasts approximately a year. For those men who wish to utilize MAT / Vivitrol, there is an educational track with opiate specific groups three months prior to release. SHISAP also offers an evidence-based parenting course which includes 1 – 3 sessions which family members and children prior to release.


Federal Grants Resources