Protection and Advocacy for Individuals with Mental Illness


To enable the expansion of the Protection and Advocacy system established in each State to: (1) Protect and advocate the rights of individuals with mental illness; (2) investigate incidents of abuse and neglect of individuals with mental illness if the incidents are reported to the system or if there is probable cause to believe that the incidents occurred; (3) investigate incidents of serious injury and deaths in public and private care and treatment facilities and non-medical community-based facilities for children and youth; and (4) to receive reports of all serious injuries and deaths related to incidents of seclusion and restraint in public and private care and treatment facilities in the States and Territories.

General information about this opportunity
Last Known Status
Program Number
Federal Agency/Office
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Department of Health and Human Services
Type(s) of Assistance Offered
A - Formula Grants
Program Accomplishments
Fiscal Year 2016 57 awards will be made. 57 awards were made.
Fiscal Year 2017 57 awards will be made.
Fiscal Year 2018 57 awards made
Fiscal Year 2019 57 awards were made.
Fiscal Year 2020 It is estimated 57 awards will be made.
Fiscal Year 2021 It is estimated 115 awards will be made.
Fiscal Year 2022 57 awards were made
Fiscal Year 2023 57 awards were made
Protection and Advocacy for Individuals with Mental Illness Act of 1986, 42 USC 10801 et seq; Developmental Disabilities Assistance and Bill of Rights Act, as amended October 30, 2000, 42 U.S.C. 6041 et seq
Who is eligible to apply/benefit from this assistance?
Applicant Eligibility
State, local, and territory government agencies, public or private organizations designated by the Governor under Part C of the Developmental Disabilities Assistance and Bill of Rights Acts as systems to protect and advocate the rights of persons with developmental disabilities in that State.
Beneficiary Eligibility
Individuals with significant mental illness or severe emotional impairment (children) who are at risk for abuse, neglect, or civil rights violations while residing in care or treatment facilities have service priority. Persons with significant mental illness and severe emotional impairment living in the community, including their own home, may be served as determined by their state protection and advocacy systems PAIMI program funded priorities and objectives and available resources includes persons who are in the process of being admitted to a facility rendering care or treatment, persons being transported to such a facility, or persons who are involuntarily confined in a municipal detention facility, jails, or prisons.
Costs will be determined in accordance with 2 CFR 200/45 CFR Part 75, Subpart E - Cost Principles applies to this program.
What is the process for applying and being award this assistance?
Pre-Application Procedure
Preapplication coordination is not applicable.
Application Procedure
2 CFR 200, Uniform Administrative Requirements, Cost Principles, and Audit Requirements for Federal Awards applies to this program. An annual application is required in accordance with 42 CFR Part 51.
Award Procedure
Grants are directly awarded by the Center for Mental Health Services to the system established in the State to protect and advocate the rights of persons with developmental disabilities, as outlined in the "Developmental Disabilities Assistance and Bill of Rights Act of 2000", as amended October 30, 2000 by Public Law 106-420 (45 USC 6041 et seq.) .
October 1, 2016
Approval/Disapproval Decision Time
From 30 to 60 days.
Not applicable.
Not applicable.
How are proposals selected?
Applications for allotments must fulfill statutory requirements. For information on statutory and Federal regulations requirements contact: Karen Armstrong, Division of State & Community Systems Development, Center for Mental Health Services, SAMHSA, HHS, 5600 Fisher Lane, Rockville, Maryland 20857. Tel: (240) 276-1741 or Email:
How may assistance be used?
Funds may be used to assist in meeting the costs of planning, developing, expanding, and implementing activities to support attainment of the protection and advocacy goals. Grant funds must supplement, not supplant, nonfederal funds available in the State in which the protection and advocacy system is established. Not more than 10 percent of an allotment can be used for providing technical assistance and training for staff, and a system which is a public entity cannot be required by the State to obligate more than 5 percent of the allotment for administrative expenses.
What are the requirements after being awarded this opportunity?
Not applicable.
Not applicable.
Records are subject to record retention and access requirements under 45 CFR ?? 75.361 through 75.365.
Other Assistance Considerations
Formula and Matching Requirements
Statutory Formula: Title 42 Part 51 Public Law 106-420

Matching requirements are not applicable to this assistance listing.

MOE requirements are not applicable to this assistance listing.
Length and Time Phasing of Assistance
Each allotment is available for obligation for a 24-month period; payments are made through an Electronic Transfer System. Method of awarding/releasing assistance: Lump.
Who do I contact about this opportunity?
Regional or Local Office
None/Not specified.
Headquarters Office
Odessa Crocker
5600 Fishers Lane
Rockville, MD 20857 US
Phone: 240-276-1078
Website Address
Financial Information
Account Identification
(Formula Grants) FY 22$37,158,205.00; FY 23 est $38,863,464.00; FY 24 Estimate Not Available FY 19$35,335,256.00; FY 20 est $35,331,864.00; FY 21 FY 18$35,329,908.00; -
Range and Average of Financial Assistance
$229,300 to $3,140,635; Avg. $619,645
Regulations, Guidelines and Literature
Regulations; 45 CFR Part 1386 Subpart B; 42 CFR Part 51; and, 45 CFR Part 75 .
Examples of Funded Projects
Not applicable.


Federal Grants Resources