Program of Protection and Advocacy of Individual Rights


To provide grants for States to support systems for protection and advocacy for the rights of individuals with disabilities who are ineligible for advocacy services from the other protection and advocacy programs or whose problems fall outside the scope of services available from the Client Assistance Program (CAP). This program is subject to non-supplanting requirements and must use a restricted indirect cost rate which is referenced under 34 CFR 76.564-76.569. For assistance call the Office of the Chief Financial Officer/Indirect Cost Group at (202) 708-7770.

General information about this opportunity
Last Known Status
Program Number
Federal Agency/Office
Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services, Department of Education
Type(s) of Assistance Offered
A - Formula Grants
Program Accomplishments
Fiscal Year 2016 No Current Data Available.
Fiscal Year 2017 56,849 individuals received services under the Independent Living Services for Older Individuals who are Blind program, over half of whom were over 80 years of age. Additionally, approximately 33,772 (59 percent) of those individuals were either legally blind or totally blind; 20 percent of individuals receiving services under this program also has some degree of hearing .
Fiscal Year 2018 No Current Data Available.
Fiscal Year 2019 No Current Data Available.
Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended, Title V, Section 509
Who is eligible to apply/benefit from this assistance?
Applicant Eligibility
Only designated protection and advocacy agencies in each State and Territory, and the protection and advocacy system serving the American Indian Consortium, may apply. With the exception of the protection and advocacy system serving the American Indian Consortium, the Governor designates the protection and advocacy agency.
Beneficiary Eligibility
Individuals with disabilities will benefit.
Not applicable.
What is the process for applying and being award this assistance?
Pre-Application Procedure
Preapplication coordination is not applicable.
Application Procedure
2 CFR 200, Uniform Administrative Requirements, Cost Principles, and Audit Requirements for Federal Awards applies to this program. Any application for a grant must contain assurances that the eligible protection and advocacy system will: (1) have in effect a system to protect and advocate for the rights of eligible individuals with disabilities; (2) have the same general authorities as outlined in Part C of the DDA; (3) have the authority to pursue legal, administrative, and other appropriate remedies to ensure the protection of the rights of individuals with disabilities; (4) provide information and referral services to individuals with disabilities in the State; (5) develop a priorities and objectives statement each year; (6) seek public comment about their proposed priorities and objectives statement; (7) establish a grievance procedure for clients and applicants of the eligible protection and advocacy system; (8) use the funds available for this program to supplement, not supplant, nonfederal funds that would otherwise be available for this purpose; and (9) utilize, to the maximum extent possible, mediation and other alternative dispute resolution procedures before resorting to formal administrative or legal remedies.
Award Procedure
Once the applications have been approved, awards are made on the basis of the relative population of each State. The minimum allotment is $100,000 for States and $50,000 for Territories.
Not applicable.
Approval/Disapproval Decision Time
Not applicable.
The State may appeal to the Office of Administrative Law Judges.
Not applicable.
How are proposals selected?
Not applicable.
How may assistance be used?
The Secretary must first set aside not less than 1.8 percent and not more than 2 percent of the funds appropriated for this program for training and technical assistance to eligible systems established under this program. Federal formula funds are used to support a system in each State to protect the legal and human rights of individuals with disabilities who need services that are beyond the scope of the Client Assistance Program (CAP) under Section 112 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended (the Act), and are ineligible for the protection and advocacy programs under Part C of the Developmental Disabilities Assistance and Bill of Rights Act of 2000 (DDA) and the Protection and Advocacy for Individuals with Mental Illness Act (PAIMI).
What are the requirements after being awarded this opportunity?
Performance Reports: Performance reports are required annually.
In accordance with the provisions of OMB Circular No. A-133 (Revised, June 27, 2003), Audits of States, Local Governments, and Nonprofit Organizations, nonfederal entities that expend financial assistance of $500,000 or more in Federal awards will have a single or a program-specific audit conducted for that year. Nonfederal entities that expend less than $500,000 a year in Federal awards are exempt from Federal audit requirements for that year, except as noted in Circular No. A-133.
Final records must be maintained for 3 years after the grant ends or until all audit questions are resolved.
Other Assistance Considerations
Formula and Matching Requirements
Statutory formula is not applicable to this assistance listing.

Matching requirements are not applicable to this assistance listing.

MOE requirements are not applicable to this assistance listing.
Length and Time Phasing of Assistance
Annual formula grants. Electronic transfer.
Who do I contact about this opportunity?
Regional or Local Office
None/Not specified.
Headquarters Office
Samuel Pierre
Department of Education, OSERS Rehabilitation Services Administration, 400 Maryland Ave., SW
Washington, DC 20202 USA
Phone: (202) 245-6488
Website Address
Financial Information
Account Identification
(Formula Grants) FY 18$17,650,000.00; FY 19 est $17,650,000.00; FY 20 est $17,650,000.00; FY 17$17,650,000.00; FY 16$17,650,000.00; -
Range and Average of Financial Assistance
For FY 2019, the estimated range of State awards (including the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico) under the distribution formula is $147,598 to $1,775,273, with a median award of $200,001. The estimated award for each of the four outlying areas is $85,799.
Regulations, Guidelines and Literature
The regulations are published at 34 CFR Part 381.
Examples of Funded Projects
Not applicable.


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