Plant Conservation and Restoration Management


The Plant Conservation and Restoration Management Program was created in response to large-scale wildfires in the Western U.S. Because of a lack of native seed, in 2001 Congress directed the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) to establish a native plant material program and recommended that federal and non-federal partners coordinate efforts through the Plant Conservation Alliance established in 1994 (House Report 106-914). The Plant Conservation Program provides leadership in identifying, maintaining, and restoring Western native plant communities on public lands. Public lands contain a diversity of wildlife that need habitat of native plant communities comprised of over 50 ecoregions across BLM administered lands. Each ecoregion contains native plants that have adapted to those environments. The Program will continue to work with agencies and partners to increase the efficiency and effectiveness of the plant program. Into the future, the BLM would continue to work with partners to focus on more diverse forbs and grasses for restoration of wildlife habitats and rehabilitation after wildfires. BLM is focusing work in areas to facilitate meeting the priorities of the Administration, Secretary, Congressional appropriations, and the Bureau. Accessibility to native plant materials is crucial for the restoration of keystone wildlife habitats. Healthy habitats will lead to expanded recreational access, and hunting and fishing opportunities (Secretarial Order 3347 and 3356), improved habitat for western big-game winter range and migration corridors (Secretarial Order 3362), and recovery of lands damaged by wildfire (Secretarial Order 3372).

General information about this opportunity
Last Known Status
Program Number
Federal Agency/Office
Bureau of Land Management, Department of The Interior
Type(s) of Assistance Offered
B - Project Grants; M - Training
Program Accomplishments
Fiscal Year 2017 BLM worked with the Plant Conservation Alliance to develop The National Seed Strategy for Rehabilitation and Restoration to ensure the availability of genetically appropriate seed to restore viable and productive plant communities and sustainable ecosystems throughout the US. The Strategy fosters collaboration between private, tribal, state, local, and federal partners to guide the development, availability, and use of seed needed for timely and effective rehabilitation and restoration. BLM Plant Conservation & Restoration Program works with partners to focus studies on native plant materials development to get more diversity of native plant materials to the growers in ecoregions, including the Great Basin, Colorado Plateau, Mojave, and Pacific Northwest. Working with the Sustainability in Prison Program in the Great Basin, BLM PCRP grows locally sourced sagebrush plants for use after wildfires in sage-grouse, mule deer, and other game species habitat restoration projects. Seeds of Success has made over 23,000 collections of 5,500 unique taxa since 2000. The Plant Conservation & Restoration Program has moved more than 200 native species into commercial production by the private sector, making them available for restoration projects. BLM PCRP increased the capacity of the BLM National Seed Warehouse System to 2,600,000 pounds, which serves 40 BLM Field Offices and streamlines seed procurement through the Working Capital Fund (inventory value ≈ $12 M).
Fiscal Year 2018 Monitored, protected, increased understanding and restored habitat that supports more than 1700 rare plant species, more than 400 of which are found exclusively on BLM public lands. Worked with partners to implement priority species and conservation actions. Assisted BLM programs such as Fuels and Emergency Stabilization and Restoration in restoring public lands and integrating more wide spread use of native plant materials. The BLM manages these resources and other vegetation management activities in cooperation with states, tribes, other federal agencies, and non-governmental organizations.
Fiscal Year 2019 Data unknown
Fiscal Year 2020 Data unknown
Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976 (FLPMA) 43 U.S.C. §1737 (b)
Watershed Restoration and Enhancement Agreements (aka The Wyden Amendment) 16 U.S.C. 1011
Who is eligible to apply/benefit from this assistance?
Applicant Eligibility
Not applicable.
Beneficiary Eligibility
All Public Land users.
Not applicable.
What is the process for applying and being award this assistance?
Pre-Application Procedure
Preapplication coordination is required. An environmental impact statement is required for this listing. An environmental impact assessment is required for this listing. This program is eligible for coverage under E.O. 12372, "Intergovernmental Review of Federal Programs." An applicant should consult the office or official designated as the single point of contact in his or her State for more information on the process the State requires to be followed in applying for assistance, if the State has selected the program for review.
Application Procedure
2 CFR 200, Uniform Administrative Requirements, Cost Principles, and Audit Requirements for Federal Awards applies to this program. 2 CFR, Part 200, Subpart C-Pre-Federal Award Requirements and Contents of Federal Awards. A Standard Form 424, Application for Federal Assistance, Standard Form 424A, Budget Information for Non-Construction Programs, Standard Form 424B, Assurances for Non-Construction Programs, and a written proposal, budget spreadsheet, a budget narrative/breakdown, and any other requirements specified in the Notice of Funding Opportunity Notice and submitted through State plan is not required for this application.
Award Procedure
All applications will be initially screened for eligibility and compliance with the requirements stated in the program funding announcement. Applications passing this screening process will be forwarded for review by the proposal evaluation criteria, and any additional review factors, as stated in the funding announcement. State and District Office level and funding recommendations are made through the State's annual work plan. Final budget approvals rest with the State Director.
Contact the headquarters or regional location, as appropriate for application deadlines
Approval/Disapproval Decision Time
Award time varies depending on the type and complexity of the project. Further information will be available for each project at the time the funding opportunity announcement is posted on and may be obtained by contacting the point of contact listed in the funding opportunity announcement. Most awards are anticipated within 90 days or less after the announcement closes.
Final award decisions are not subject to appeal; however, the Bureau of Land Management will provide all applicants with information on why their proposal was not selected for award.
Not applicable.
How are proposals selected?
First Level Screening -Basic Eligibility. Applications will be screened by the Grants Management Officer to ensure that applications meet basic eligibility requirements. Must meet the requirements of the Notice of Funding Opportunity posted on, screening may include, but is not limited to: Program and/or legislative authority requirements are met; Submission is timely; and complete and properly executed SF-424 application package documents. B. Applications must satisfy basic eligibility screening requirements to be considered for further review. Second Level Evaluation -- Merit Review Evaluation is stated in each Notice of Funding Opportunity noticed post on Third Level Review Pre-Award Clearance and Approvals. BLM will also complete a business evaluation and determination of responsibility. During these evaluations the Grants Management Officer will evaluate variables such as: Federal Awardee Performance and Integrity Information System, financial stability, quality of management systems, past performance meeting prior award terms and conditions, reports and findings of audits performed, and applicant's ability to effectively implement statutory, regulatory or other requirements.
How may assistance be used?
Projects are primarily conducted on lands administered by the BLM but may also be conducted on other public or private lands. Most of these lands are located in the Western United States and Alaska. Assistance can be used to help protect, restore, and enhance native plant communities and rare plants, and to provide related public contact/education opportunities. No regular discretionary fund is available. Funding is highly variable each fiscal year.
What are the requirements after being awarded this opportunity?
Performance Reports: Shall submit at the minimum an annual Performance Report in accordance with the 2 CFR, Part 200.328 within 90 days after the anniversary date or as indicated in the Notice of Award. Upon completion of the agreement, recipients shall submit a final report no later than 90 calendar day after the award end date:
Not applicable.
All recipients of Federal awards shall maintain project records in accordance with 2 CFR 200.333 Retention requirements for records. Financial records, supporting documents, statistical records, and all other non-Federal entity records pertinent to a Federal award must be retained for a period of three years from the date of submission of the final expenditure report or, for Federal awards that are renewed quarterly or annually, from the date of the submission of the quarterly or annual financial report, respectively, as reported to the Federal awarding agency or pass-through entity in the case of a subrecipient. Federal awarding agencies and pass-through entities must not impose any other record retention requirements upon non-Federal entities, except as noted in 2 CFR 200.333.
Other Assistance Considerations
Formula and Matching Requirements
Statutory formula is not applicable to this assistance listing.

Matching requirements are not applicable to this assistance listing.

MOE requirements are not applicable to this assistance listing.
Length and Time Phasing of Assistance
No specific restrictions. However, most projects are funded on a year to year basis and no more than five years. Funds are expended during a particular fiscal year. Most awards are anticipated within 90 days or less after the announcement closes Frequency of recipient payments will be determined for each awarded assistance agreement at time of award.
Who do I contact about this opportunity?
Regional or Local Office
None/Not specified.
Headquarters Office
Forestry, Range, and Plant Conservation and Restoration
M Street SE
Washington, DC 20003 US
Phone: (202) 912-7222
Website Address
Financial Information
Account Identification
(Cooperative Agreements (Discretionary Grants)) FY 18$8,964,833.00; FY 19 est $78,866,810.00; FY 20 Estimate Not Available -
Range and Average of Financial Assistance
Past partnership projects have ranged from $10,000 to $1,000,000.
Regulations, Guidelines and Literature
BLM's Plant Conservation and Restoration Program is generally guided by provisions in 43 CFR Part 4000 and Part 6000; as well as the H-1740-2 - Integrated Vegetation Management Handbook, which can be found on the BLM website. A variety of public interest publications on BLM's Plant Conservation and Restoration Program, as well as the National Seed Strategy, are available free of charge by contacting the appropriate State Office; Endangered Species Act of 197; and National Environmental Policy Act of 1969.
Examples of Funded Projects
Fiscal Year 2017 WY Sage Grouse as it pertains to Native Plant Project, AK Seeds of Success, University of Utah Rare and Native Plant, Pollinator And Restoration Project
Fiscal Year 2018 OR/WA Rogue Basin Native Plant Partnership, Sagebrush in Prisons Partnership to grow sagebrush for restoration after wildfires.
Fiscal Year 2019 NM Statewide Implementation of the Native Seed, Pollinator and Rare Plant Strategy UT Configuring Landscape America to Support CPNPP Communication and Outreach CA Support of Nattional Seed Strategy to Produce Ecologically Native Plant
Fiscal Year 2020 Data is unknown