The core objective of the program is to assist the Kenyan government and communities through cooperative agreements to a consortium, or consortiums of, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) that are not for profit and/or Public International Organizations (PIOs) to increase resilience to drought and flash floods while simultaneously increasing access to improved water supply and sanitation services, and improving hygiene behaviors, for poor and vulnerable populations in the arid counties of Turkana, Marsabit (including Moyale District), Garissa, Isiolo, and Wajir in Kenya. Through its investments, USAID proposes the following objectives: 1. Increase water storage capacity in arid lands, through improving natural and artificial storage. 2. Improve WASH conditions at health facilities and nutrition centers frequently utilized during emergency response. 3. Improve access to safe drinking water sources, improve access to and usage of point of use water treatment products, promote good hygiene behaviors and use of sanitation facilities as a means of reducing diarrheal disease in areas with recurrent emergency levels of malnutrition and around areas of improved water storage.