Impact Aid


To provide financial assistance to local educational agencies (LEAs) where affected by Federal activities, i.e., where the tax base of a district is reduced through the Federal acquisition of real property (Section 7002, ESEA), and where the presence of certain children living on Federal property places a financial burden on the LEAs that educate them (Sections 7003 and 7007, ESEA).

General information about this opportunity
Last Known Status
Program Number
Federal Agency/Office
Office of Elementary and Secondary Education, Department of Education
Type(s) of Assistance Offered
A - Formula Grants; B - Project Grants
Program Accomplishments
Fiscal Year 2016 No Current Data Available.
Fiscal Year 2017 No Current Data Available.
Fiscal Year 2018 No Current Data Available.
Fiscal Year 2019 No Current Data Available.
Fiscal Year 2020 No Current Data Available.
Fiscal Year 2023 No Current Data Available.
Elementary and Secondary Education Act (OESE), as amended, Title VII
Who is eligible to apply/benefit from this assistance?
Applicant Eligibility
Local educational agencies that provide free public elementary or secondary education may apply. Under Section 7002, generally, assistance is provided to districts where an aggregate of 10 percent or more of the assessed valuation of all real property in the school district as of the time(s) of acquisition has been acquired by the Federal Government since 1938 and the district is not being substantially compensated by revenue from activities on the eligible Federal property. Under Section 7003, assistance is provided to districts where at least three percent or 400 of the total number of eligible federally connected children in average daily attendance (ADA) live on Federal property including Indian lands and/or have a parent who works on Federal property or is on active duty in the uniformed services. Under Section 7007(b), "heavily impacted" LEAs that enroll a high proportion (at least 40 percent) of federally connected children, or have little or no funding capacity, may be eligible for a competitive construction award.
Beneficiary Eligibility
Public elementary and secondary school children benefit.
Costs will be determined in accordance with OMB Circular No. A-87 for State and local governments.
What is the process for applying and being award this assistance?
Pre-Application Procedure
Preapplication coordination is not applicable.
Application Procedure
2 CFR 200, Uniform Administrative Requirements, Cost Principles, and Audit Requirements for Federal Awards applies to this program. Applications are submitted to the Secretary of Education and a copy is sent to the State educational agency (SEA). Applications become available on the Department's e-Grants web site annually, typically in mid November. Applications must show the membership of federally connected children on the survey date chosen by the school district within the period prescribed by the Secretary.
Award Procedure
Funds are generally made available when an appropriation is made.
Contact the headquarters or regional location, as appropriate for application deadlines
Approval/Disapproval Decision Time
Contact the Program Office for this information.
An administrative law hearing is available for any LEA or State adversely affected by any action of the Secretary. The hearing must be requested under the time frame included under the program regulations.
Not applicable.
How are proposals selected?
Payments are computed on the basis of the statutory formula. Payments are prorated if appropriations are insufficient.
How may assistance be used?
Under formula awards, most assistance becomes part of the general operating fund of the LEAs. Districts usually deposit the Federal payment in the general operating funds account in accordance with State laws, together with all State and local funds available for current operating expenses and use this combined account to finance the school program in the district. Special additional payments made to LEAs related to enrollments of federally connected children with disabilities must be used for programs and projects designed to meet the special educational and related needs of these children. Payments for construction may be used for construction and renovation, debt service, or other capital fund activities. Under discretionary construction awards, funds must be used for the project grant described in the application and grant award notification. The discretionary construction grant program is subject to non-supplanting requirements and must use a restricted indirect cost rate which is referenced under 34 CFR 76.564-76.569. For assistance call the Office of the Chief Financial Officer/Indirect Cost Group on 202-708-7770.
What are the requirements after being awarded this opportunity?
Not applicable.
The program staff conducts mail-in or on-site reviews to verify application data and collect additional required information.
In accordance with the General Education Provision Act and program regulations, an LEA generally must retain records supporting its payment amount for 3 years after the last payment for a fiscal year.
Other Assistance Considerations
Formula and Matching Requirements
Statutory Formula: Title VII, Sections 7002, 7003, and 7007(a).

Matching is voluntary. Under Section 7002, payments are determined under a statutory formula that considers the assessed valuation of the property acquired by the Federal government and the LEA's local tax rate for current expenditures. Under Section 7003, payments are determined under a statutory formula that considers the average daily attendance of federally connected students for the previous year, the per-pupil expenditure average from the third preceding year, the weight in the statute attached to certain categories of federally connected students, the total current expenditures of the LEA, and the total membership of the LEA. Under Section 7007(a), payments are determined under a statutory formula that considers the average daily attendance of children living on Indian lands and dependents of the military living on and off base. Under Section 7007(b), payments are awarded on a competitive basis to certain eligible LEAs that receive Impact Aid.

MOE requirements are not applicable to this assistance listing.
Length and Time Phasing of Assistance
Payments are made annually to eligible LEAs. This information is included in award documents.
Who do I contact about this opportunity?
Regional or Local Office
None/Not specified.
Headquarters Office
Faatimah Muhammad
Department of Education, OESE Impact Aid Programs, 400 Maryland Ave., S.W., Room, 3C106,
Washington, DC 20202 US
Phone: 202-453-6827
Website Address
Financial Information
Account Identification
(Project Grants (Discretionary)) FY 22$0.00; FY 23 est $18,406,000.00; FY 24 est $18,406,000.00; FY 21$17,406,000.00; FY 20$0.00; FY 19$17,406,000.00; FY 18$0.00; FY 17$17,406,000.00; FY 16$0.00; - This is specific to Section 7007(b).(Formula Grants) FY 22$1,474,964,000.00; FY 23 est $1,516,558,000.00; FY 24 est $1,516,558,000.00; FY 21$1,402,558,000.00; FY 20$1,405,964,000.00; FY 19$1,349,558,000.00; FY 18$1,335,964,000.00; FY 17$1,189,233,000.00; FY 16$1,233,955,000.00; - This is specific to Section 7003 & 7007(a).(Formula Grants) FY 22$77,313,000.00; FY 23 est $78,313,000.00; FY 24 est $78,313,000.00; FY 21$76,313,000.00; FY 20$75,313,000.00; FY 19$74,313,000.00; FY 18$73,313,000.00; FY 17$66,813,000.00; FY 16$66,813,000.00; - This is specific to Section 7002, Federal Property Payments.
Range and Average of Financial Assistance
For FY 2023, the estimated range of awards for Basic Support payments is expected to be between $300-$58,300,000 with an average award of $1,465,000; for Payments for Children With Disabilities, the estimated range of awards is expected to be between $550-$1,340,000 with an average award of $60,000.
Regulations, Guidelines and Literature
Regulations are included in 34 CFR 222.
Examples of Funded Projects
Fiscal Year 2017 No Current Data Available.
Fiscal Year 2018 No Current Data Available.
Fiscal Year 2020 No Current Data Available.
Fiscal Year 2023 No Current Data Available.


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