Homeland Security, Research, Testing, Evaluation, and Demonstration of Technologies

 

To provide funding and/or property for the purpose of conducting research, testing, evaluation, and demonstration of national preparedness and homeland security technologies intended to identify, counter, or respond to terrorist threats.

Exploratory Research on Fluorescent Sensing of Nitro-based Explosives: Improvements of Efficiency through Molecular Synthesis and Engineering to achieve trace vapor detection of hydrogen peroxide and other explosives, which still remains challenging for current sensor technologies due to poor sensitivity. Transition of the results of the research will result in new instrumentation with lower false alarm rates and better sensitivity to enhance their ability to identify terrorist threats.

General information about this opportunity
Last Known Status
Active
Program Number
97.108
Federal Agency/Office
Agency: Department of Homeland Security
Type(s) of Assistance Offered
DISSEMINATION OF TECHNICAL INFORMATION; PROJECT GRANTS; SALE, EXCHANGE, OR DONATION OF PROPERTY OR GOODS; USE OF PROPERTY, FACILITIES, OR EQUIPMENT
Program Accomplishments
Fiscal Year 2014: •Developed new fluorescence turn-on sensor molecules that combine with Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET) to provide sensitive detection of peroxide explosive signature molecules (e.g. for TATP, DADP, HMTD) in the vapor phase,
•Developed solid-state fluorescence sensors that can be used in combination with particulate sampling (e.g., swabs) to detect the UV photolysis-induced decomposition solute molecules from nonvolatile explosives like RDX and PETN.
•Developed PCA-based algorithms for use of an array of nano-fiber sensors for identification specificity of vapor explosive species.
•Tested 8-nanofiber chemical-resistor array to show strong and differing sensing response to RDX, PETN, TNT, DNT, H2O2, and NH4NO3.
•Improved sensitivity of new carbon fiber composite materials to hydrocarbon IED components (e.g., fuel oil).
•Tested sensitivity of “Florospot” sensor kit that can detect RDX, PETN and HMX under UV irradiation in the presence of common interfering species. Working on transitioning this sensor to industry.
Publications
•Miao Xu, Ji-Min Han, Chen Wang, Xiaomei Yang, Jian Pei and Ling Zang*, A Fluorescence Ratiometric Sensor for Trace Vapor Detection of Hydrogen Peroxide, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, 6 (2014) 8708–8714.. Published, 05/2014.
•Helin Huang, Ching-En Chou, Yanke Che, Ligui Li, Chen Wang, Xiaomei Yang, Zhonghua Peng*, and Ling Zang*, Morphology control of nanofibril donor-acceptor heterojunction to achieve high photoconductivity: exploration of new molecular design rule, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 135 (2013) 16490-16496. Published, 10/2013. Fiscal Year 2015: •We expect that these programs will not use FY2015 money
•Program accomplishments which occur during FY2015 may include final testing using FRET and dual-band fluorescent turn-on sensors
•Summary of testing results, and any further testing not accomplished during FY14
•Complete web interface for database on Terrorism and Extremist Violence in the United States and transition it
Nanofiber photochemiresistor sensor development via structural modifications incorporating moieties which specifically bind ketones, amines, nitro, and peroxide functional groups. Fiscal Year 2016: No Current Data Available.
Authorization
Homeland Security Act of 2002, Public Law 107-296, 6 U.S.C 308(b(1)(c); Implementing Recommendation of the 9/11 Commission Act of 2007, Section 1901, Public Law 110-53; Science and Technology – Management and Administration, Public Law 113-76.
Who is eligible to apply/benefit from this assistance?
Applicant Eligibility
States, local governments, private, public, profit or nonprofit organizations, Indian Tribal governments, or individuals specified by U.S. Appropriation Statute, including U. S. and international institutions of higher education and educational laboratories.
Beneficiary Eligibility
Federal, State, and local governments, private, public, profit or nonprofit organizations, Indian tribal governments, and individuals.
Credentials/Documentation
May be required by the U.S. Statute, regulation, or program guidance. 2 CFR 200, Subpart E - Cost Principles applies to this program.
What is the process for applying and being award this assistance?
Pre-Application Procedure
Preapplication coordination is not applicable. Environmental impact information is not required for this program. This program is excluded from coverage under E.O. 12372.
Application Procedure
2 CFR 200, Uniform Administrative Requirements, Cost Principles, and Audit Requirements for Federal Awards applies to this program. Application deadline and other information are contained in the application/program guidance.
Award Procedure
Applications or plans are reviewed by DHS program and administrative staff. Any issues or concerns noted in the application will be negotiated with the successful applicant prior to the award being issued.
Deadlines
Contact the headquarters or regional office, as appropriate, for application deadlines.
Approval/Disapproval Decision Time
Refer to program guidance document.
Appeals
None.
Renewals
None.
How are proposals selected?
Refer to the program guidance for information on criteria for selecting proposals.
How may assistance be used?
Funding is used for labor and materials in support of basic h efforts supporting the purpose of this grant. Refer to program guidance.
What are the requirements after being awarded this opportunity?
Reporting
Refer to program guidance. Refer to program guidance. Refer to program guidance. Refer to program guidance. Refer to program guidance.
Auditing
In accordance with the provisions of 2 CFR 200, Subpart F - Audit Requirements, non-Federal entities that expend financial assistance of $750,000 or more in Federal awards will have a single or a program-specific audit conducted for that year. Non-Federal entities that expend less than $750,000 a year in Federal awards are exempt from Federal audit requirements for that year, except as noted in 2 CFR 200.503. These audits are due to the cognizant Federal agency, submitted through the Federal Audit Clearinghouse, not later than nine months after the end of the grantees fiscal year.
Records
Grant records shall be retained for a period of three years from the day the recipient submits its final expenditure report. If any litigation, claim, negotiation, audit, or other action involving the records has been started before the expiration of the 3-year period, the records must be retained until completion of the action and resolution of all issues which arise from it, or until the end of the regular 3-year period, whichever is later. Grant records include financial and program/progress reports, support documents, statistical records, and other documents that support the activity and/or expenditure of the recipient or sub-recipient under the award.
Other Assistance Considerations
Formula and Matching Requirements
Statutory formulas are not applicable to this program.
This program has no matching requirements. Some - see program guidance document.
MOE requirements are not applicable to this program.
Length and Time Phasing of Assistance
Refer to program guidance. Awards are subject to the Cash Management Improvement Act for payment and/or reimbursement of expenditures. See the following for information on how assistance is awarded/released: Refer to program guidance.
Who do I contact about this opportunity?
Regional or Local Office
None.
Headquarters Office
DHS, S&T, Homeland Security Advanced Research Projects Agency 245 Murray Lane, S.W., Washington, District of Columbia 20548 Phone: (202) 254-5325 or (202) 447-5522
Website Address
http://www.dhs.gov
Financial Information
Account Identification
70-0800-0-1-999 - DUNS Number: 009095365.
Obligations
(Salaries) FY 14 $832,651; FY 15 est $850,000; and FY 16 est $400,000
Range and Average of Financial Assistance
Refer to program guidance.
Regulations, Guidelines and Literature
OMB Circulars Nos. A-21, Cost Principles for Educational Institutions, A-87, Cost Principles for State, Local and Indian Tribal Governments, A-102 Grants and Cooperative Agreements with State and Local Governments, A-110, Uniform Administrative Requirements for Grants and Other Agreements With Institutions of Higher Education, Hospitals and Nonprofit Organizations, and A-133 Audits of States, Local Governments, and Nonprofit Organizations, in addition to program regulations, guidelines, DHS policy and procedures.
Examples of Funded Projects
Not Applicable.

 



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