Fossil Energy Research and Development


The Office of Fossil Energy and Carbon Managements mission is to minimize the environmental impacts of fossil fuels while working towards net-zero emissions. The Offices programs use research, development, demonstration, and deployment approaches to advance technologies to reduce carbon emissions and other environmental impacts of fossil fuel production and use, particularly in the hardest-to-decarbonize sectors of electricity and industrial. Priority areas of technology work include point-source carbon capture, hydrogen with carbon management, methane emissions reduction, critical mineral production, and atmospheric carbon dioxide removal. The Office works to leverage international expertise to advance global decarbonization, is committed to improving the conditions of communities impacted by the legacy of fossil fuel use, and supports a healthy economic transition that accelerates the growth of good-paying jobs.

General information about this opportunity
Last Known Status
Program Number
Federal Agency/Office
Department of Energy
Type(s) of Assistance Offered
B - Project Grants
Program Accomplishments
Fiscal Year 2015 Estimated 105 projects awarded 105 awards
Fiscal Year 2016 73 projected awards
Fiscal Year 2018 155 awards selected
Fiscal Year 2022 98 awards made
Fiscal Year 2023 171 awards made or planned
Public Law 95-91 DOE Organization Act of 1977, as amended by Public Law 109-58 Energy Policy Act 2005. Federal Nonnuclear Energy Research and Development Act of 1974, Public Law 93-557; Energy Policy and Conservation Act, Public Law 94-163.
Who is eligible to apply/benefit from this assistance?
Applicant Eligibility
States, local governments, universities, governmental entities, consortia, nonprofit institutions, commercial corporations, joint Federal/Industry corporations, U.S. Territories, and individuals are eligible to apply.
Beneficiary Eligibility
Federal, State, local governments, universities, consortia, nonprofit institutions, commercial corporations, joint Federal/Industry corporations, and individuals will benefit.
Prior successful research and development experience in the fossil energy field and related areas. 2 CFR 200 Subpart E-Cost Principles applies to this program.
What is the process for applying and being award this assistance?
Pre-Application Procedure
Preapplication coordination is not applicable.
Application Procedure
2 CFR 200, Uniform Administrative Requirements, Cost Principles, and Audit Requirements for Federal Awards applies to this program. 2 CFR 200, Uniform Adminstrative Requirements, Cost Principles, and Audit Requirements for Federal Awards applies to this program.
Award Procedure
DOE opportunity announcement set forth award procedures. Unsolicited proposals will be evaluated by DOE personnel assigned to the specific area with merit reviews as required. This program is excluded from coverage under E.O. 12372.
Deadlines are subject to change, Please check with contact person(s) listed. Deadlines vary and are subject to change. There are deadlines stated in the financial assistance opportunity announcement (FOA) posted at For unsolicited proposals, there are no deadlines. Contact the headquarters or regional location, as appropriate for application deadlines
Approval/Disapproval Decision Time
Approximately 90 to 180 days.
Not applicable.
Awards may be amended or extended as required. In addition, awards may be renewed according to the funding opportunity announcement and award requirements. This includes both competitive and non-competitive down-selections, as applicable.
How are proposals selected?
Criteria varies according to the specific funding opportunity announcements. Typically the selection criteria includes criteria related to merit of the technical work proposed, the reasonableness and thoroughness of the technical approach, the quality of the technical capabilities, facilities and personnel involved in the scope of work, and the thoroughness of the project management plan.
How may assistance be used?
Emphasis is on fundamental and applied research and technology development .
What are the requirements after being awarded this opportunity?
Not applicable.
In accordance with the provisions of 2 CFR 200, Subpart F - Audit Requirements, non-Federal entities that expend financial assistance of $750,000 or more in Federal awards will have a single or a program-specific audit conducted for that year. Non-Federal entities that expend less than $750,000 a year in Federal awards are exempt from Federal audit requirements for that year, except as noted in 2 CFR 200.503.
Required by the grant and cooperative agreement award document.
Other Assistance Considerations
Formula and Matching Requirements
Statutory formula is not applicable to this assistance listing.

Matching is mandatory. Matching Requirements: Percent: Other As Specified under Section 988 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 and EISA, with exceptions, a minimum of 20% cost share is required for research and development. A minimum of 50% is required for demonstration. Higher cost share may be requested. For education and outreach projects, the statuatory cost share is 0%.

MOE requirements are not applicable to this assistance listing.
Length and Time Phasing of Assistance
The time period for a grant or cooperative agreement is dependent upon the funding opportunity announcement and the individual project award. TBD
Who do I contact about this opportunity?
Regional or Local Office
National Energy Technology Laboratory, Finance & Acquisition Center; , Mail Stop 921-107, 626 Cochrans Mill Road, Pittsburgh, PA; 15236-0940. For Unsolicited Proposals, E-mail Jennifer Scharrer at
Headquarters Office
Miranda Johnson,
1000 Independence Ave., SW
Washington, DC 20623 US
Phone: (202) 586- 7661.
Website Address
Financial Information
Account Identification
(Cooperative Agreements) FY 22$219,513,008.00; FY 23 est $120,769,619.00; FY 24 Estimate Not Available FY 21$418,614,539.00; FY 20$308,537,560.00; FY 19$344,212,000.00; -
Range and Average of Financial Assistance
Award size varies according to the funding opportunity announcement . The range is $200,000 to $250,000,000 with the average being around $5,000,000. In FY24, the maximum award size could reach $500,000,000.
Regulations, Guidelines and Literature
DOE Assistance Regulations, 2 CFR 910; Federal Acquisition Regulation 15.6, Unsolicited Proposals; Guide to Unsolicited Proposals: http://
Examples of Funded Projects
Fiscal Year 2015 Advanced Materials and Methods for Mitigating Wellbore Leaks; Simulation Initiative for High Efficiency Carbon Management Systems
Fiscal Year 2016 High-hydrogen Syngas Production
Fiscal Year 2018 Innovative Technology Development to Enhance Power System Efficiency; Novel and Enabling Carbon Capture Transformational Technologies
Fiscal Year 2023 Advanced Remediation and Methane Mitigation Technologies; Carbon Transport and Storage; CO2 Removal and Conversion; Hydrogen with Carbon Management Integrated Carbon Management; Minerals Sustainability; Point Source Carbon Capture.


Related Federal Grants

Federal Grants Resources