Presidential Declared Disaster Assistance to Individuals and Households - Other Needs


This program supports disaster recovery by providing financial assistance to disaster survivors who, as a direct result of a major disaster or emergency, have necessary expenses and serious needs that are unmet through insurance or other means.

General information about this opportunity
Last Known Status
Program Number
Federal Agency/Office
Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security
Type(s) of Assistance Offered
C - Direct Payments For Specified Use
Program Accomplishments
Fiscal Year 2016 As of July 7, 2016, ONA awards for 2016 total $20,614,850.80. In FY 2016, $31,359,671.93 in awards were approved for ONA.
Fiscal Year 2017 ONA awards for 2017 as of 04/01/2017 are $525,034.99.
Fiscal Year 2018 No Current Data Available.
Fiscal Year 2019 ONA awards for 2019 are $13,238,577.73 as of 06/25/2019
Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act, as amended, Section 408, Public Law 106-390, 42 U.S.C. 5174
Who is eligible to apply/benefit from this assistance?
Applicant Eligibility
Individuals and households, in areas declared an emergency or major disaster by the President, who have necessary expenses and serious needs they are unable to meet through insurance or other means, are eligible for Other Needs Assistance. Basic conditions of eligibility include: the individual or a member of the household must be a citizen of the United States, a non-citizen national, or a qualified alien. 1) Medical: disaster-caused expenses, and/or paid receipts (bills) for medical treatment; 2) Dental: disaster-caused expenses, and/or paid receipts (bills) for treatment; 3) Child Care: disaster-caused expenses; 4) Funeral: disaster-caused expenses, and/or paid receipts (bills) for services; 5) Personal Property: proof of ownership, disaster- caused personal property damage; 6) Transportation: proof of ownership, vehicle complies with State laws, disaster-caused vehicle damage; and 7) Other Necessary Expenses and Serious Needs: the expense or need must be caused by the disaster and approved by FEMA.
Beneficiary Eligibility
Individual/Family; expenses/losses must have occurred within an area which has been designated as a disaster area by Presidential declaration.
FEMA Disaster Assistance Regulations at 44 CFR Part 206.
What is the process for applying and being award this assistance?
Pre-Application Procedure
Preapplication coordination is required. An environmental impact statement is required for this listing. An environmental impact assessment is required for this listing. This program is eligible for coverage under E.O. 12372, "Intergovernmental Review of Federal Programs." An applicant should consult the office or official designated as the single point of contact in his or her State for more information on the process the State requires to be followed in applying for assistance, if the State has selected the program for review. Based on damage assessments and an agreement to commit state funds and resources to the long-term recovery, the State Governor or Indian Tribal Chief Executive makes a request (through the FEMA Regional Director) for a Presidential Declaration for an emergency or major disaster. Requests for assistance must be made in accordance with FEMA Disaster Assistance Regulations, 44 CFR 206, except as provided in Part 206.24(d) for emergency declarations involving primarily Federal responsibility. If the State or Tribe has selected the program for Review, an applicant should consult the office or official designated as the single point of contact in his or her State or Tribe for more information on the process the State or Tribe requires to be followed in applying for assistance.
Application Procedure
2 CFR 200, Uniform Administrative Requirements, Cost Principles, and Audit Requirements for Federal Awards applies to this program. A Presidential Disaster or Emergency Declaration must first be issued. To receive the grant, the State or Tribe must make an annual submission of the OMB form 010-1-11 (formerly 90-153).
Award Procedure
Funds are allocated from the President's Disaster Relief Fund for use in a designated emergency or major disaster. Households receive assistance directly from FEMA or the State or Tribe.
Contact the headquarters or regional location, as appropriate for application deadlines
Approval/Disapproval Decision Time
7-21 days. Generally, individual and household applications for disaster assistance must be filed within 60 days of the disaster declaration.
Appeals of program decisions must be submitted in writing within 60 days of the date of the notification letter.
Not applicable.
How are proposals selected?
Not applicable.
How may assistance be used?
Restricted to Presidential-declared disasters or emergencies, such as an earthquake, hurricane, tornado, wildfire, flood, etc. The Other Needs Assistance provision of the Individuals and Households Program activates only after issuance of a presidential declaration. Other Needs Assistance may be provided for the following: 1) Medical, 2) Dental, 3) Child Care, 4) Funeral, 5) Personal Property, 6) Transportation, and 7) Other Miscellaneous Expenses. Assistance not used for the specified purpose will be required to be returned. If FEMA is administering the Other Needs Assistance, please refer to CFDA 97.048.
What are the requirements after being awarded this opportunity?
Performance Reports: Refer to program guidance.
Internal program audits are conducted.
Expenditure records (receipts) and related documents must be retained by the recipient for 3 years from the date of payment.
Other Assistance Considerations
Formula and Matching Requirements
Statutory formula is not applicable to this assistance listing.

Matching is voluntary. 25%. The State or Tribe provides 25 percent of the funds for the total number of grants disbursed for the designated disaster. The Federal Government provides the remaining 75 percent of the costs for grant awards as well as the regulations, policies, and procedures that govern the provision. States or Tribes may also receive up to 5 percent of the Federal share of the provision for administrative costs. The Governor or Indian Tribal Chief Executive may request a loan of the State's or Tribe’s 25 percent share.

MOE requirements are not applicable to this assistance listing.
Length and Time Phasing of Assistance
Generally, a one time assistance payment, with a total assistance period of no longer than 18 months. Payment based on project need.
Who do I contact about this opportunity?
Regional or Local Office
See Appendix IV of the Catalog for a listing of addresses for FEMA's Regional Offices.
Headquarters Office
Complex Coordinated Terrorist Attack Program Office, FEMA
500 C Street., SW
Washington, DC 20472 US
Phone: 18003686498
Website Address
Financial Information
Account Identification
(Direct Payments for Specified Use) FY 18 Estimate Not Available FY 19 FY 20 est $31,200,000.00; FY 17 est $300,000.00; FY 16$26,368,942.00; - FY18-Estimates are not available; costs are based on declared disasters.
Range and Average of Financial Assistance
FY 18: Range--$50 - $34,000; Average--$2,742.55 - as of 06/25/2019 FY 19: Range--$50 - $34,900; Average--$4,489.18- as of 06/25/2019
Regulations, Guidelines and Literature
Emergency Assistance Regulations, 44 CFR 206.110-120.
Examples of Funded Projects
Not applicable.


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