Environmental Policy and Innovation Grants

 

(1) To support analyses, studies, evaluations, workshops, conferences, and demonstration projects that lead to reduced pollutants generated and conservation of natural resources; (2) to improve economic information and analytic methods to support studies, surveys, analyses, evaluations, conferences, workshops, and demonstration projects on the benefits, costs, and impacts of environmental programs; and (3) to improve economic information and analytic methods to support studies, surveys, analyses, evaluations, conferences, workshops, and demonstration projects of incentive-based and voluntary environmental management strategies and mechanisms; and (4) to support research to explore and develop strategies and mechanisms for those in the economic, social, governmental, and environmental arenas to use in environmental management decisions.

Funding Priority - Fiscal Year 2014: The funding priorities in FY2014 for the smart growth program include continued support for innovative projects related to exploring, testing, or implementing smart growth and/or green building policies, climate adaptation, and other environmental preferable approaches to development.

One or more new solicitations related to implementing smart growth policies, climate adaptation, and other environmentally preferable approaches may be issued in FY2015.

As a consequence of limited resources, there was no new economic competitive research solicitation issued in FY2014.

If resources were available, research priorities in the field of environmental economics and related research continue to include: work on improvements in the valuation of environmental benefits, including human health and ecological services; measuring economic costs and impacts to society from regulations, including effective ways to forecast future pollution control technologies and regulatory costs; integrating economic and natural science models for purposes of assessing environmental risks and consequences, including those associated with GHG emissions and potential consequences for climate change; and utilization of alternative regulatory management and economic incentive approaches to achieve environmental objectives.

Funding Priority - Fiscal Year 2015: There have been no new competitive environmental economic research solicitations issued in recent years due to limited available resources.

If resources should become available in FY2015, research priorities in the field of environmental economics and related research continue to include: work on improvements in the valuation of environmental benefits, including human health and ecological services; measuring economic costs and impacts to society from regulations, including effective ways to forecast future pollution control technologies and regulatory costs; integrating economic and natural science models for purposes of assessing environmental risks and consequences, including those associated with GHG emissions and potential consequences for climate change; and utilization of alternative regulatory management and economic incentive approaches to achieve environmental objectives.

There have been no new competitive environmental economic research solicitations issued in recent years due to limited available resources.

Funding Priority - Fiscal Year 2016: If resources should become available in FY2016, research priorities in the field of environmental economics and related research continue to include: work on improvements in the valuation of environmental benefits, including human health and ecological services; measuring economic costs and impacts to society from regulations, including effective ways to forecast future pollution control technologies and regulatory costs; integrating economic and natural science models for purposes of assessing environmental risks and consequences, including those associated with GHG emissions and potential consequences for climate change; and utilization of alternative regulatory management and economic incentive approaches to achieve environmental objectives.

General information about this opportunity
Last Known Status
Active
Program Number
66.611
Federal Agency/Office
Agency: Environmental Protection Agency
Office: Office of the Administrator
Type(s) of Assistance Offered
PROJECT GRANTS
Program Accomplishments
Fiscal Year 2014: Some of the research underway in FY2014, and workshops that were hosted in FY2014 (both using prior year's funding) include:





- Camp Resources workshop will be held during the summer (normally in August each year). The workshop typically consists of 15-20 full-length presentations by graduate students and young professionals, and 11 research sketches in this year's schedule. The workshop features faculty mentors who provided constructive feedback to presenters, and also presented an overview of their current research interests. In addition to featured mentors, Camp Resources normally enjoys support from an outstanding community of environmental and resources economists at NC State, Duke, RTI International, and throughout North Carolina and the Southeast who regularly attend and participate in the workshop. The outcomes of the workshop normally included (1) providing a forum for the students and young professionals to present research at its early stages and receive significant feedback from senior researchers; (2) giving the young researchers opportunities to expand their research and presentation skills by interacting in a small, less-formal workshop setting with top scholars in the field of environmental economics; (3) creating a network for future interactions and collaborations among those who have attended; and (4) providing attendees with a concentrated learning experience on cutting edge methods within environmental and resource economic research (e.g., the tutorial session). The workshop serves to improve the capabilities of young environmental economists to conduct state-of-the-art research, thus advancing our knowledge on a wide array of environmental economics principles and tools that lead to improved protection of human health and the environment.



An ongoing research grant examines market impacts and distributional consequences of pollution control mechanisms in the context of multiple interacting policies and market failures. This research project is developing a series of complementary analyses for understanding the economic efficiency, environmental effectiveness, and distributional effects of a broad range of policies, accounting for how different policy instruments interact with one another, and how they perform in the presence of induced technological change. The methods will be applied to the two sectors of greatest import for carbon dioxide and conventional pollutant emissions: electricity generation and transportation. First, to ground the analysis, the proposal will conduct a comprehensive review of existing policies and major proposals for reducing emissions and promoting clean technologies in these sectors, not only at the Federal and state levels in the U.S., but also common practices abroad. Next, the proposal will develop an analytical model of consumer, supplier, and overall market responses to these kinds of policy interventions, in order to develop intuition about interactions among policies. Importantly, in addition to an emissions externality, the model will incorporate two types of market imperfections that often motivate technology-specific policies: undervaluation of energy efficiency by consumers and spillovers to knowledge accumulation by producers. A numerical model will follow the conceptual analysis, and the proposal will carefully parameterize it for our two sectors. The ultimate goal is to provide a comprehensive guide for policymakers on how the existing abundance of policies and policy options should be understood, coordinated, and possibly reformed. Fiscal Year 2015: Some of the research underway in FY2015, and workshops that were hosted in FY2015 (both using prior year's funding) include:





- Camp Resources workshop will be held during the summer (normally in August each year). The workshop typically consists of 15-20 full-length presentations by graduate students and young professionals, and 11 research sketches in this year's schedule. The workshop features faculty mentors who provided constructive feedback to presenters, and also presented an overview of their current research interests. In addition to featured mentors, Camp Resources normally enjoys support from an outstanding community of environmental and resources economists at NC State, Duke, RTI International, and throughout North Carolina and the Southeast who regularly attend and participate in the workshop. The outcomes of the workshop normally included (1) providing a forum for the students and young professionals to present research at its early stages and receive significant feedback from senior researchers; (2) giving the young researchers opportunities to expand their research and presentation skills by interacting in a small, less-formal workshop setting with top scholars in the field of environmental economics; (3) creating a network for future interactions and collaborations among those who have attended; and (4) providing attendees with a concentrated learning experience on cutting edge methods within environmental and resource economic research (e.g., the tutorial session). The workshop serves to improve the capabilities of young environmental economists to conduct state-of-the-art research, thus advancing our knowledge on a wide array of environmental economics principles and tools that lead to improved protection of human health and the environment.



A second workshop series - the "Occasional California Workshop on Environmental and Resource Economics" - is hosted by University of California-Santa Barbara and has been supported under this CFDA. This series of workshops - held roughly every 12-18 months - focuses on supporting new dissertations and are designed for junior scholars, graduate students and junior faculty. The primary objective is to help such scholars develop better research ideas and programs, as well as assist in communication among colleagues. Thus efforts are made to facilitate attendance and participation by PhD students from around California and the rest of far Western North America (Washington, Oregon, BC, Nevada, Arizona, northwest Mexico, Hawaii). The typical workshop draws approximately 100 participants for the 1-2 day event. Presentations are of two types  short 5-10 minute presentations for which no papers are involved and longer (30 minute) presentations with discussants. In terms of results, organizers expect the field of environmental and resource economics to be strengthened by this effort, attracting economists and graduate students to the field of environmental economics through participation in the workshop.



An ongoing research grant examines market impacts and distributional consequences of pollution control mechanisms in the context of multiple interacting policies and market failures. This research project is developing a series of complementary analyses for understanding the economic efficiency, environmental effectiveness, and distributional effects of a broad range of policies, accounting for how different policy instruments interact with one another, and how they perform in the presence of induced technological change. The methods will be applied to the two sectors of greatest import for carbon dioxide and conventional pollutant emissions: electricity generation and transportation. First, to ground the analysis, the proposal will conduct a comprehensive review of existing policies and major proposals for reducing emissions and promoting clean technologies in these sectors, not only at the Federal and state levels in the U.S., but also common practices abroad. Next, the proposal will develop an analytical model of consumer, supplier, and overall market responses to these kinds of policy interventions, in order to develop intuition about interactions among policies. Importantly, in addition to an emissions externality, the model will incorporate two types of market imperfections that often motivate technology-specific policies: undervaluation of energy efficiency by consumers and spillovers to knowledge accumulation by producers. A numerical model will follow the conceptual analysis, and the proposal will carefully parameterize it for our two sectors. The ultimate goal is to provide a comprehensive guide for policymakers on how the existing abundance of policies and policy options should be understood, coordinated, and possibly reformed. Fiscal Year 2016: No Current Data Available
Authorization
National Environmental Policy Act, Section 102(2)(F), 42 U.S.C 4332; Clean Air Act, Section 103, 42 U.S.C 7403; Clean Water Act, Section 104, 33 U.S.C 1254; Toxics Substances Control Act, Section 10, 15 U.S.C 2609; Solid Waste Disposal Act, Section 8001, 42 U.S.C 6981; Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act, Section 104(k)(6)&311, 42 U.S.C 9660; Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act, Section 20, 7 U.S.C 136(r); Safe Drinking Water Act, Section 1441, 42 U.S.C 300j-1; Annual Appropriations Act.
Who is eligible to apply/benefit from this assistance?
Applicant Eligibility
Assistance under this program is generally available to States and local governments, territories and possessions, foreign governments, international organizations, Indian Tribes, interstate organizations, intrastate organizations, and possessions of the U.S., including the District of Columbia, public and private universities and colleges, hospitals, laboratories, other public or private nonprofit institutions, and individuals. Nonprofit organizations described in Section 501(c)(4) of the Internal Revenue Code that engage in lobbying activities as defined in Section 3 of the Lobbying Disclosure Act of 1995 are not eligible to apply. For profit organizations are generally not eligible for funding. Some of EPA's statutes may limit assistance to specific types of interested applicants. See "Authorization" listed above. For certain competitive funding opportunities under this CFDA description, the Agency may limit eligibility to compete to a number or subset of eligible applicants consistent with the Agency's Assistance Agreement Competition Policy. National laboratories funded by Federal Agencies (Federally-Funded Research and Development Centers, "FFRDCs") may not apply. FFRDC employees may cooperate or collaborate with eligible applicants within the limits imposed by applicable legislation and regulations. They may participate in planning, conducting, and analyzing the research directed by the applicant, but may not direct projects on behalf of the applicant organization. The institution, organization, or governance receiving the award may provide funds through its grant from the EPA to an FFRDC for research personnel, supplies, equipment, and other expenses directly related to the research. Federal Agencies may not apply. Federal employees are not eligible to serve in a principal leadership role on a grant, and may not receive salaries or augment their Agency's appropriations in other ways through grants made by this program.
Beneficiary Eligibility
State and local governments, U.S. territories and possessions, Indian Tribes, universities and colleges, hospitals, laboratories, other public and private nonprofit institutions, individuals, and international organizations.
Credentials/Documentation
Documentation of nonprofit status may be required. Applicants may be requested to demonstrate they have appropriate background, academic training, experience in the field, and necessary equipment to carry out projects. EPA may ask applicants or principle investigators to provide curriculum vitae and relevant publications. 2 CFR 200, Subpart E - Cost Principles applies to this program.
What is the process for applying and being award this assistance?
Pre-Application Procedure
Regarding pre-application/pre-proposal assistance with respect to competitive funding opportunities under this program description, EPA will generally specify the nature of the pre-application/pre-proposal assistance, if any, that will be available to applicants in the competitive announcement. For additional information, contact the individual(s) listed as "Information Contacts" or see Appendix IV of the Catalog. This program is eligible for coverage under E.O. 12372, "Intergovernmental Review of Federal Programs." An applicant should consult the office or official designated as the single point of contact in his or her State for more information on the process the State requires to be followed in applying for assistance, if the State has selected the program for review. Environmental impact information is not required for this program. This program is eligible for coverage under E.O. 12372, "Intergovernmental Review of Federal Programs." An applicant should consult the office or official designated as the single point of contact in his or her State for more information on the process the State requires to be followed in applying for assistance, if the State has selected the program for review.
Application Procedure
2 CFR 200, Uniform Administrative Requirements, Cost Principles, and Audit Requirements for Federal Awards applies to this program. The standard application forms as furnished by the Federal agency and required by 2 CFR 200 and 1500, Uniform Administrative Requirements, Cost Principles, and Audit Requirements for Federal Awards. EPA requires final applications to be made on Standard Form 424, "Application for Federal Assistance." Requests for application kits must be submitted to the Environmental Protection Agency, Grants and Interagency Agreements Management Division, (3903R), Washington, DC 20460 or through the appropriate EPA Regional Office listed in Appendix IV of the Catalog. Additional information on the EPA grant package can be found at: http://www.epa.gov/ogd/grants/how_to_apply.htm. Requests for Initial Proposals or Requests for Applications will specify application procedures. Applicants, except in limited circumstances approved by the Agency, must submit all initial applications for funding through http://www.grants.gov.


Award Procedure
For non-competitive awards, EPA will conduct an administrative evaluation to determine the adequacy of the application in relation to grant regulations and to technical and program evaluation to determine the merit and relevance of the project. The Agency will then advise the applicant if funding is being considered. A final work plan will then be negotiated with the applicant. For competitive awards, EPA will review and evaluate applications, proposals, and/or submissions in accordance with the terms, conditions, and criteria stated in the competitive announcement. Competitions will be conducted in accordance with EPA policies/regulations for competing assistance agreements. For competitions involving research that are administered as part of the Economic and Decision Sciences program, OP will continue to adhere to the policies established by ORD, NCER and their Science to Achieve Results (STAR) program, which includes engaging an external technical peer review panel to evaluate the technical merits of research proposals.
Deadlines
Contact the headquarters or regional office, as appropriate, for application deadlines.
Approval/Disapproval Decision Time
Approximately 180 days for most competitive solicitations. For competitive solicitations administered under the Economic and Decision Sciences program, the time for notification is approximately 240 days.
Appeals
Assistance agreement competition-related disputes will be resolved in accordance with the dispute resolution procedures published in 70 FR (Federal Register) 3629, 3630 (January 26, 2005). Copies of these procedures may also be requested by contacting the individual(s) listed as "Information Contacts." Disputes relating to matters other than the competitive selection of recipients will be resolved under 2 CFR 1500 Subpart E, as applicable.
Renewals
None. Generally, EPA may sometimes choose to either fully or incrementally fund awarded grants and cooperative agreements for Environmental Policy and Innovation. Approval of subsequent funding increments is dependent on satisfactory project progress, continued relevance of the project to EPA's priorities, availability of funds, and Agency policy on the competitive grant process.
How are proposals selected?
The evaluation and selection criteria for competitive awards under this CFDA description will be described in the competitive announcement. Non-competitive proposals are judged for: (a) technical merit in terms of: (1) strengths and weaknesses of the project; (2) adequacy of overall project design; (3) competency of proposed staff; (4) suitability of applicant's available resources; (5) appropriateness of the proposed project period and budget; and (6) probability that the project will accomplish stated objectives; and, for (b) program interest in terms of: (1) the need for the proposed project; and (2) relationship to program objectives.
How may assistance be used?
Grants and cooperative agreements are available to support recipients' allowable direct costs incident to approved Environmental Policy and Innovation plus allowable indirect costs, in accordance with established EPA policies and regulations. Funding awarded for research does not include research within the purview of EPA's Office or Research and Development. Funds awarded under Section 311(b)(3) of CERCLA must be used for projects relating to innovative or alternative treatment technologies that may be utilized in response actions to achieve more permanent protection of human health and welfare and the environment. Assistance agreement awards under this program may involve or relate to geospatial information. Further information regarding geospatial information may be obtained by viewing the following website: http://geodata.epa.gov.

Grant recipients and sub-recipients are encouraged to adopt and enforce policies that ban text messaging while driving company-owned or -rented vehicles or government-owned vehicles, or while driving privately-owned vehicles when on official government business or when performing any work for or on behalf of the government. Grant recipients and sub-recipients are encouraged to conduct initiatives of the type described in section 3(a) of the Federal Leadership on Reducing Text Messaging While Driving Executive Order that was signed on October 1, 2009.
What are the requirements after being awarded this opportunity?
Reporting
For the economic research grants, recipients are required to prepare final written reports that summarize their research project and findings, and cite work (presentations, publications) supported with the EPA grant. No content available. EPA includes reporting requirements for grants and cooperative agreements in the terms and conditions of the agreements. Agreements may require quarterly, interim, and final progress reports, and financial, equipment, and invention reports. Specific reporting requirements are also identified in the Grant Regulations 2 CFR Parts 200 and 1500.

In general, it is the policy of the Office of the Administrator to require Progress Reports from recipients on a routine schedule - either quarterly, semiannually or on an annual basis. This requirement, or a different requirement when applicable, will be spelled out in solicitations issued under this CFDA, and confirmed in the Terms and Conditions section for funded assistance agreements. No content available. No performance monitoring is required.
Auditing
In accordance with the provisions of 2 CFR 200, Subpart F - Audit Requirements, non-Federal entities that expend financial assistance of $750,000 or more in Federal awards will have a single or a program-specific audit conducted for that year. Non-Federal entities that expend less than $750,000 a year in Federal awards are exempt from Federal audit requirements for that year, except as noted in 2 CFR 200.503. Grants and cooperative agreements are subject to inspections and audits by the Comptroller General of the United States, the EPA Office of Inspector General, other EPA staff, or any authorized representative of the Federal government. Reviews by the EPA Project Officer and the Grants Specialist may occur each year. In accordance with the provisions of 2 CFR 200, Subpart F - Audit Requirements, non-federal entities that expend $750,000 or more in a year in Federal awards shall have a single or a program specific audit conducted for that year. Non-federal entities that expend less than $750,000 a year in Federal awards are exempt from Federal audit requirements for that year, except as noted in 2 CFR 200.503.


Records
The record retention requirements of 2 CFR 200 and 1500 are applicable depending upon the identity of the recipient. Recipients must keep financial records, including all documents supporting entries on accounting records and to substantiate changes in grants, available to personnel authorized to examine EPA recipients grants and cooperative agreements records. Recipients must maintain all records until 3 years from the date of submission of final expenditure reports. If questions, such as those raised as a result of audits remain following the 3-year period, recipients must retain records until the matter is completely resolved.
Other Assistance Considerations
Formula and Matching Requirements
This program has no statutory formula.
Matching Requirements: CERCLA 311(b)(3) requires that "to the maximum extent possible," EPA enter into an appropriate cost sharing arrangement with recipients of grants and cooperative agreements relating to innovative and alternative treatment technologies. EPA may waive the 311(b)(3) cost sharing requirement in appropriate cases. Matching requirements may be established in program guidance or the terms of competitive solicitations.
This program does not have MOE requirements.
Length and Time Phasing of Assistance
EPA normally funds grants and cooperative agreements on a 12-month basis. However, EPA can negotiate the project period with each applicant based on project requirements. EPA limits project periods to 5 years. Grants and cooperative agreements may be incrementally or fully funded. This determination will be made by the EPA. See the following for information on how assistance is awarded/released: Most assistance awarded under this CFDA will either be released as a lump sum payment, paid on a quarterly basis, or paid on a monthly basis.
Who do I contact about this opportunity?
Regional or Local Office
See Regional Agency Offices. EPA encourages potential applicants to communicate with the appropriate EPA Regional Office listed in Appendix IV of the Catalog, and the Headquarters program contacts listed below.
Headquarters Office
Brett Snyder, USEPA Headquarters, Ariel Rios Building, 1200 Pennsylvania Avenue, N. W., Mail Code: 1809T, Washington, District of Columbia 20460 Email: snyder.brett@epa.gov Phone: (202) 566-2261.
Website Address
http://www2.epa.gov/aboutepa/about-office-policy-op
Financial Information
Account Identification
68-0108-0-1-304.
Obligations
(Project Grants) FY 14 $800,000; FY 15 Estimate Not Available(Exp: 800000); and FY 16 est $800,000 - OBLIGATIONS:
For awards directed at smart growth issues, the total amount awarded through new awards and incremental funding was $0.8 million in FY 2014, and $0.8 million in FY 2015. Projected new awards and incremental funding are expected to be $0.8 million in FY 2016.

For awards directed at economic analysis and research topics, including funding provided under the Economic and Decision Sciences program, the following distributions and projections are as follows: in FY 2014 there were no new awards or incremental funding of existing assistance agreements; in FY 2015 there are also no new awards or incremental funding anticipated for new or existing assistance agreements; and for FY2016 availability of funds for new awards and incremental funding of existing research grants remains uncertain. If the Pres Bud 2016 submission is accepted, it is anticipated that a new competitive solicitation in the range of $300-$500K will be issued, subject to other agency priorities.
Range and Average of Financial Assistance
For recent awards related to smart growth, the range is from $25,000 to $200,000, with an average around $100,000.



For most recent competitively awarded grants in the area of economics - related to Environmental Economic Workshops: range is $35,000 - $95,000, with an average award of ~$70,000. Related to Environmental Economics Dissertations and Early Career Research: range is $35,000 - $75,000, with an average of ~$60,000. Related to Environmental Economic Research: range is $75,000-$300,000, with an average of ~$250,000. There were no earmarks included for the period FY10-FY16, and we continue to not expect to have any earmarks in FY2016.
Regulations, Guidelines and Literature
Environmental Policy and Innovation grants and cooperative agreements are subject to EPA's General Grant Regulations (2 CFR 200 and 1500). Costs will be determined according to 2 CFR 200 Subpart E.
Examples of Funded Projects
Fiscal Year 2014: No new environmental economic research grants were funded in FY2013 or FY2014 to date, as a result of reduced appropriations that resulted in limited funding, and other priorities in the office. Fiscal Year 2015: No new environmental economic research grants were funded in FY2014 or FY2015 to date, as a result of reduced appropriations that resulted in limited funding, and other priorities in the office. Fiscal Year 2016: No Current Data Available