Emergency Relief Program


ERP provides financial assistance to producers for losses to crops, trees, bushes, and vines due to wildfires, hurricanes, floods, derechos, excessive heat, winter storms, freeze (including a polar vortex), smoke exposure, excessive moisture, qualifying drought, and related conditions occurring in calendar years 2020 and 2021.

General information about this opportunity
Last Known Status
Program Number
Federal Agency/Office
Farm Service Agency, Department of Agriculture
Type(s) of Assistance Offered
D - Direct Payments With Unrestricted Use
Program Accomplishments
Fiscal Year 2022 FSA anticipates issuing approximately $9 billion in payments to eligible producers under ERP.
Extending Government Funding and Delivering Emergency Assistance Act, Division B, Part Title I,, Section Pub. L. 117-43
Who is eligible to apply/benefit from this assistance?
Applicant Eligibility
Not applicable.
Beneficiary Eligibility
Not applicable.
Applicants must submit an application form by the deadline announced by FSA. For producers included in Phase 1, FSA will pre-fill data on FSA-520, Emergency Relief Program (ERP) Phase 1 Application, and the producer must complete and return the form to their FSA service center. For Phase 2, producers will complete and submit FSA-521, Emergency Relief Program (ERP) Phase 2 Application. Applicants must also submit the following forms if not already on file with FSA: AD-2047, Customer Data Worksheet; CCC-902, Farm Operating Plan for an individual or legal entity; CCC-901, Member Information for Legal Entities (if applicable); AD-1026 Highly Erodible Land Conservation (HELC) and Wetland Conservation (WC) Certification, for the producer and applicable affiliates; CCC-860, Socially Disadvantaged, Limited Resource, Beginning and Veteran Farmer or Rancher Certification, for historically underserved producers to qualify for an increased payment rate; and FSA-510, Request for an Exception to the $125,000 Payment Limitation for Certain Programs, for producers who qualify for an increased payment limitation. Applicants may be required provide additional documentation to substantiate the information reported on their application if requested by FSA. This program is excluded from coverage under 2 CFR 200, Subpart E - Cost Principles.
What is the process for applying and being award this assistance?
Pre-Application Procedure
Preapplication coordination is not applicable.
Application Procedure
This program is excluded from coverage under 2 CFR 200, Uniform Administrative Requirements, Cost Principles, and Audit Requirements for Federal Awards.
Award Procedure
The assistance will be approved and awarded by FSA to eligible applicants. For ERP Phase 1, payments to eligible applicants will be made as applications are processed. For ERP Phase 2, producers will receive an initial payment equal to the lesser of their calculated payment or $2,000, and a final payment will be issued after the application period ends. If total calculated payments exceed the total funding available for ERP Phase 2, the ERP factor used to calculate payments may be adjusted and the final payment amounts will be prorated to stay within the amount of available funding.
The deadline for ERP Phase 1 was December 16, 2022. For ERP Phase 2, applicants must submit an application form by June 2, 2023. All additional forms for program eligibility must be submitted to the applicant's FSA county office no later than 60 days from the application deadline.
Approval/Disapproval Decision Time
From 1 to 15 days.
From 15 to 30 days. From 15 to 30 days. Applicants may request reconsideration of a decision by the decision authority or appeal such decisions to a higher authority including the county and State FSA committees and the National Appeals Division. Appeal regulations in 7 CFR parts 11 and 780 apply.
Not applicable.
How are proposals selected?
Not applicable.
How may assistance be used?
Assistance will be used by producers who suffered eligible losses to crops, trees, bushes, and vines due to due to qualifying disaster events occurring in calendar years 2020 and 2021.
What are the requirements after being awarded this opportunity?
Not applicable.
Not applicable.
If requested by FSA, applicants must submit documentation to verify the information certified on their application. Applicants must retain documentation in support of the application for 3 years after the date of approval.
Other Assistance Considerations
Formula and Matching Requirements
Statutory formula is not applicable to this assistance listing.

Matching requirements are not applicable to this assistance listing.

MOE requirements are not applicable to this assistance listing.
Length and Time Phasing of Assistance
The application period for ERP Phase 1 began in May 2022 and ended on December 16, 2022. For ERP Phase 2, the application period is January 23, 2023, through June 2, 2023. There are no restrictions placed on the time permitted to spend the money awarded. Method of awarding/releasing assistance: Lump.
Who do I contact about this opportunity?
Regional or Local Office
None/Not specified.
Headquarters Office
Kathy Sayers, Director, Safety Net Division
1400 Independence Avenue., SW
Washington, DC 20250 USA
Phone: 202-720-6825
Website Address
Financial Information
Account Identification
(Direct Payments with Unrestricted Use) FY 22$7,017,383,537.00; FY 23 est $650,000,000.00; FY 24 est $250,000,000.00; FY 21$0.00; -
Range and Average of Financial Assistance
Generally, producers are subject to a payment limitation of $125,000 for specialty and high value crops and $125,000 for all other crops per program year for ERP Phase 1 and Phase 2 combined. A producer can receive up to $900,000 for specialty and high value crops and $250,000 for all other crops per program year if at least 75 percent of their average adjusted gross income is derived from farming, ranching, or forestry operations for the applicable 3-year period.
Regulations, Guidelines and Literature
ERP Phase 1 will be administered as provided in the Notice of Funds Availability published in the Federal Register. ERP Phase 2 will be administered according to the regulations in 7 CFR part 760, subpart S. The procedural handbook is available from county FSA offices.
Examples of Funded Projects
Not applicable.


Federal Grants Resources