The USDOT seeks to develop, evaluate, and test vehicle-to-infrastructure (V2I) applications for the light vehicle fleet that are intended to transform surface transportation safety, mobility, and environmental performance through a connected vehicle environment. These efforts are outlined in RITAÂ’s ITS Strategic Research Plan, 2010-2014. The FHWA has a lead role in the selection, development, and testing of the applications. V2I applications are those applications wherein vehicle-based sensors and vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) communications are not considered adequate for development of information, alerts, or warnings for drivers. Rather, additional information is required from the infrastructure in order to enable the applications. These applications, however, are vehicle-based, in that they are programs resident in the on-board equipment of the vehicle. The on-board systems use information from vehicle-based sensors, V2V communications, and V2I communications to determine if information, alerts, or warnings should be provided to the driver. Automobile manufacturers (OEMs) are critical partners in development of vehicle-based applications and processes. The Crash Avoidance Metrics Partnership (CAMP) partnership was formed between Ford Motor Company and General Motors to accelerate development and implementation of crash avoidance countermeasures in light vehicles to improve traffic safety. The CAMP partnership forms a consortium of all OEMs that desire to cooperatively work together and with the USDOT on specific research areas, such as V2I applications. This cooperative agreement is with CAMP and is intended to facilitate the selection, development, and evaluation of V2I safety, mobility and environmental applications, and to conduct other Connected Vehicle program work that involves communications between vehicles, infrastructure, and pedestrians and bicyclists.