Conservation Reserve Program


To protect the Nation's long-term capability to produce food and fiber; to reduce soil erosion and sedimentation, improve water quality, and create or enhance habitat for wildlife.

General information about this opportunity
Last Known Status
Program Number
Federal Agency/Office
Agency: Department of Agriculture
Office: Farm Service Agency
Type(s) of Assistance Offered
Program Accomplishments
Not Applicable.
Food Security Act of 1985, as amended, Section 1231, 16 U.S.C 3831-3835a.
Who is eligible to apply/benefit from this assistance?
Applicant Eligibility
An individual, partnership, association, Indian Tribal ventures corporation, estate, trust, other business enterprises or other legal entities and, whenever applicable, a State, a political subdivision of a State, or any agency thereof may submit an offer to enroll acreage.
Beneficiary Eligibility
If their offer is accepted for enrollment, an individual, partnership, association, Indian Tribal ventures, corporation, estate, trust, other business enterprises or other legal entities and, whenever applicable, a State, political subdivision of State, or any agency thereof may earn benefits.
The land must be owned or operated for not less than 12 months prior to the close of the signup period, unless the land was acquired by will or succession or FSA determines that ownership was not acquired for the purpose of placing the land in the CRP. This program is excluded from coverage under 2 CFR 200, Subpart E - Cost Principles.
What is the process for applying and being award this assistance?
Pre-Application Procedure
Preapplication coordination is required. An environmental impact statement is required for this program. This program is excluded from coverage under E.O. 12372.
Application Procedure
2 CFR 200, Uniform Administrative Requirements, Cost Principles, and Audit Requirements for Federal Awards applies to this program. FSA has three methods for enrolling acreage in the CRP. One method is a continuous signup process where acreage suitable for certain environmental priority practices, including but not limited to grass waterways, riparian buffers or filterstrips, and acreage within wellhead protection areas may be offered and accepted without going through a competitive offer process. The second method is similar to continuous signup and is available only in distinct geographic areas. These areas are targeted by FSA and State governments under partnership agreements. The third method is to offer acreage during a general signup period where eligible offers to enroll highly erodible and other environmentally sensitive acreage are submitted and ranked competitively based on an environmental benefits index. Regardless of the method of enrollment, the local FSA office that serves the area in which the farm or ranch is located will provide the maximum payment rate CCC will accept to enroll certain acreage in the program. Producers may submit a rental rate per acre offered that may be equal to or less than CCC's maximum payment rate.
Award Procedure
FSA will notify persons whose offers are determined acceptable as soon as practicable after the close of the signup.
Contact the headquarters or regional office, as appropriate, for application deadlines.
Approval/Disapproval Decision Time
From 7 to 120 days.
Producers may appeal any determination to county FSA committee, State committee, or National Appeals Division. Matters that are generally applicable to all producers are not appealable.
Not Applicable.
How are proposals selected?
Not Applicable.
How may assistance be used?
Eligible owners or operators may place highly erodible or other environmentally sensitive land into a 10-15 year contract. The participant, in return for annual payments, agrees to implement a conservation plan approved by the local conservation district for converting highly erodible cropland or other environmentally sensitive land to a long-term resource conserving cover i.e., eligible land must be planted with a vegetative cover, such as, perennial grasses, legumes, fobs, shrubs, or trees. Financial and technical assistance are available to participants to assist in the establishment of a long- term resource conserving cover.
What are the requirements after being awarded this opportunity?
Not Applicable.
No audits are required for this program.
Maintained in county FSA office and Federal Record centers for a specified number of years.
Other Assistance Considerations
Formula and Matching Requirements
This program has no statutory formula.
This program has no matching requirements.
This program does not have MOE requirements.
Length and Time Phasing of Assistance
Annual rental payments will be made for 10-15 years. If cost-share assistance to establish the appropriate cover was requested, a payment will be made after the practice is successfully established according to applicable guidelines. FSA may provide certain incentives for restoring wetlands or other lands. See the following for information on how assistance is awarded/released: Annually and based on performance.
Who do I contact about this opportunity?
Regional or Local Office
See Regional Agency Offices. Consult the local telephone directory for location of the county FSA office, under U.S. Government, Department of Agriculture. If no listing, contact the appropriate State FSA office listed in the FSA section of Appendix IV of the Catalog.
Headquarters Office
Beverly Preston 1400 Independence Ave. SW, Washington, District of Columbia 20250 Email: Phone: 202-720-9563 Fax: 202-720-4619
Website Address
Financial Information
Account Identification
12-3319-0-1-302; 12-4336-0-3-302.
(Direct Payments with Unrestricted Use) FY 14 $1,841,214,276; FY 15 est $1,772,157,000; and FY 16 est $1,832,144,000
Range and Average of Financial Assistance
No Data Available.
Regulations, Guidelines and Literature
Program is announced through news media and in letters to agricultural producers in the county. Regulations published in the Federal Register, 7 CFR Part 1410.
Examples of Funded Projects
Not Applicable.


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