Brownfields Assessment and Cleanup Cooperative Agreements
Brownfield sites are real property, the expansion, redevelopment, or reuse of which may be complicated by the presence or potential presence of a hazardous substance, pollutant, or contaminant. The objectives of the Brownfield Multipurpose, Assessment, Revolving Loan Fund, and Cleanup cooperative agreements (project grants) are to provide funding: (1) to inventory, characterize, assess, and conduct planning and community involvement related to brownfield sites; (2) to capitalize a revolving loan fund (RLF) and provide subgrants to carry out cleanup activities at brownfield sites; (3) to carry out cleanup activities at brownfield sites that are owned by the grant recipient; and (4) to inventory, characterize, assess, plan or remediate one or more brownfield sites in an area proposed for Multipurpose cooperative agreements. In FY19, funding supported 107 assessment cooperative agreements (estimated at $41 million) that recipients may use to inventory, assess, cleanup and plan reuse at brownfield sites, as authorized under CERCLA 104(k)(2). Funding supported approximately 33 direct cleanup cooperative agreements (estimated $15 million) to enable eligible entities to clean up properties that the recipient owns, as authorized under CERCLA 105(k)(3). The agency awarded 24 RLF supplemental awards (estimated $9.3 million), as authorized under CERCLA 105(k)(3). Funding supported 11 multipurpose cooperative agreements (estimated $8.5 million) to enable eligible entities to assess and clean up properties that the recipient owns within a target area, as authorized under CERCLA 105(k)(4).
General information about this opportunity
Last Known Status
Environmental Protection Agency
Type(s) of Assistance Offered
B - Project Grants
Fiscal Year 2016
To date in FY16, 1,102 sites have been assessed, 116 properties cleaned up, 5,410 jobs leveraged, $945.4 million leveraged and 6,488 acres ready for reuse. In FY16, 1,1384 sites had been assessed, 135 properties cleaned up, 10,351 jobs leveraged, $1.77 billion leveraged and 7,312 acres ready for reuse.Fiscal Year 2017
In FY17, 1,296 sites were assessed, 124 properties cleaned up, 5,564 jobs leveraged, $1.1 billion leveraged and 4,827 acres were reused.Fiscal Year 2018
In fiscal year 2018 (Oct 1, 2018 - Sep 30, 2019), 1,617 sites have been assessed, 111 properties cleaned up, 9,913 jobs leveraged, $2 billion leveraged and 5,585 acres ready for reuse.Fiscal Year 2019
To date in FY19, 1,073 sites have been assessed, 136 properties cleaned up, 12,336 jobs leveraged, $1.8 billion leveraged and 5,837 acres ready for reuse.
The Brownfields Utilization, Investment, and Local Government (BUILD) Act of 2018, Public Law 115-141
The Small Business Liability Relief and Brownfields Revitalization Act of 2002, Public Law 107-118
Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) of 1980, as amended, Section 101(39) and 104(k)
Who is eligible to apply/benefit from this assistance?
Eligibility for Multipurpose, Assessment, Revolving Loan Fund, and Cleanup Grants: a general purpose unit of local government; a land clearance authority or other quasi-governmental entity that operates under the supervision and control of, or as an agent of, a general purpose unit of local government; a government entity created by a State legislature; a regional council or group of general purpose units of local government; a redevelopment agency that is chartered or otherwise sanctioned by a State; a State; an Indian Tribe other than in Alaska; an Alaska Native Regional Corporation, Alaska Native Village Corporation and the Metlakatla Indian Community; an organization described in section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 and exempt from taxation under section 501(a) of that Code; a limited liability corporation in which all managing members are organizations or limited liability corporations whose sole members are organizations described in subparagraph organization described in section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 and exempt from taxation under section 501(a) of that Code; a limited partnership in which all general partners are organizations described in subparagraph (I) or limited liability corporations whose sole members are organizations described in subparagraph organization described in section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 and exempt from taxation under section 501(a) of that Code; or a qualified community development entity (as defined in section 45D(c)(1) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986. Other nonprofit organizations that do not have 501(c)(3) tax exempt status are also eligible for Cleanup Grants. For the purposes of the Brownfields Grant Program, the term "other nonprofit organization" consistent with 2 CFR 200.70 means any corporation, trust, association, cooperative, or other organization that is operated mainly for scientific, educational, service, charitable, or similar purpose in the public interest and is not organized primarily for profit; and uses net proceeds to maintain, improve, or expand the operation of the organization. The term includes nonprofit institutions of higher education. However, nonprofit organizations described in Section 501(c)(4) of the Internal Revenue Code that engage in lobbying activities as defined in Section 3 of the Lobbying Disclosure Act of 1995 are not eligible to apply. For profit organizations are not eligible to apply. For certain competitive funding opportunities under this assistance listing, the Agency may limit eligibility to compete to a number or subset of eligible applicants consistent with the Agency's Assistance Agreement Competition Policy.
Generally, those eligible entities identified above will benefit from the brownfields grant actions. Specifically, individuals and commercial organizations in communities will benefit from brownfields assessment, cleanup, and revitalization funding. New strategies for promoting environmental cleanup lessons from these grants will provide a growing base of information and knowledge for other communities across the country seeking partnerships with stakeholders to coordinate issues related to brownfields and leverage additional opportunities for redevelopment.
EPA may require that nonprofit organizations or eligible entities other than states, tribes, or general purpose units of local government provide documentation of eligibility. EPA may also require that applicants provide site specific information to determine whether a site qualifies as a brownfield site under CERCLA 101(39). 2 CFR 200, Subpart E - Cost Principles applies to this program.
What is the process for applying and being award this assistance?
Preapplication coordination is required. This program is eligible for coverage under E.O. 12372, "Intergovernmental Review of Federal Programs." An applicant should consult the office or official designated as the single point of contact in his or her State for more information on the process the State requires to be followed in applying for assistance, if the State has selected the program for review. Regarding pre-application/pre-proposal assistance with respect to competitive funding opportunities under this assistance listing, EPA will generally specify the nature of the pre-application/pre-proposal assistance, if any, that will be available to applicants in the competitive announcement. For additional information, contact the individual(s) listed in the competitive announcement.
2 CFR 200, Uniform Administrative Requirements, Cost Principles, and Audit Requirements for Federal Awards applies to this program. 2 CFR 200, Uniform Administrative Requirements, Cost Principles, and Audit Requirements for Federal Awards applies to this program. This is a competitive grant program. EPA guidelines for Requests for Proposals or Requests for Applications will specify application procedures. For EPA Regional Office contacts, see Appendix IV of the Catalog. Applicants, except in limited circumstances approved by the Agency, must submit all initial applications for funding through https://www.grants.gov. Additional information on applying for EPA grants can be found at: https://www.epa.gov/grants/how-apply-grants.
This is a competitive grant program. EPA guidelines for Requests for Proposals or Requests for Applications will specify award procedures. For EPA Regional Office contacts, see Appendix IV of the Catalog. For competitive awards, EPA will review and evaluate applications, proposals, and/or submissions in accordance with the terms, conditions, and criteria stated in the competitive announcement. Competitions will be conducted in accordance with EPA policies/regulations for competing assistance agreements.
Specific information regarding deadlines is provided in the competitive announcement.
Approval/Disapproval Decision Time
From 120 to 180 days. Approximately 180 days.
Assistance agreement competition-related disputes will be resolved in accordance with the dispute resolution procedures published in 70 FR (Federal Register) 3629, 3630 (January 26, 2005). Copies of these procedures may also be requested by contacting the individual(s) listed as "Information Contacts." Disputes relating to matters other than the competitive selection of recipients will be resolved under 2 CFR 1500 Subpart E, as applicable.
Recipients of RLF Grants may apply for additional funding on a non-competitive basis during any year after the first year the recipient receives an RLF Grant. To seek additional funding, RLF Grant recipients should contact their EPA Regional Office. In awarding this additional funding the Agency will consider: (I) the number of sites and number of communities that are addressed by the revolving loan fund; (II) the demand for funding by eligible entities that have not previously received an RLF Grant; (III) the demonstrated ability of the eligible entity to use the revolving loan fund to enhance remediation and provide funds on a continuing basis; and (IV) other similar factors, including the availability of funds and the recipient's performance history. Recipients of Multipurpose, Assessment, and Cleanup Grants generally do not receive additional funding on a non-competitive basis.
How are proposals selected?
This is a competitive grant program. The evaluation and selection criteria for competitive awards under this assistance listing will be described in the competitive announcement. Selection criteria will be outlined in the proposal guidelines and will be based on a system that includes the following ten statutory ranking criteria: (i) The extent to which a grant will stimulate the availability of other funds for environmental assessment or remediation, and subsequent reuse, of an area in which one or more brownfield sites are located. (ii) The potential of the proposed project or the development plan for an area in which one or more brownfield sites are located to stimulate economic development of the area on completion of the cleanup. (iii) The extent to which a grant would address or facilitate the identification and reduction of threats to human health and the environment, including threats in areas in which there is a greater-than-normal incidence of diseases or conditions (including cancer, asthma, or birth defects) that may be associated with exposure to hazardous substances, pollutants, or contaminants. (iv) The extent to which a grant would facilitate the use or reuse of existing infrastructure. (v) The extent to which a grant would facilitate the creation of, preservation of, or addition to a park, a greenway, undeveloped property, recreational property, or other property used for nonprofit purposes. (vi) The extent to which a grant would meet the needs of a community that has an inability to draw on other sources of funding for environmental remediation and subsequent redevelopment of the area in which a brownfield site is located because of the small population or low income of the community. (vii) The extent to which the applicant is eligible for funding from other sources. (viii) The extent to which a grant will further the fair distribution of funding between urban and nonurban areas. (ix) The extent to which the grant provides for involvement of the local community in the process of making decisions relating to cleanup and future use of a brownfield site. (x) The extent to which a grant would address or facilitate the identification and reduction of threats to the health or welfare of children, pregnant women, minority or low-income communities, or other sensitive populations. (xi) The extent to which a grant would address a site adjacent to a body of water or a federally designated flood plain. (xii) The extent to which a grant would facilitate (I) the location at a brownfield site of a facility that generates renewable electricity from wind, solar, or geothermal energy; or (II) any energy efficiency improvement project at a brownfield site, including a project for a combined heat and power system or a district energy system. In addition, applicants will be required to demonstrate that site specific activities are carried out at sites that meet the definition of a Brownfields site at CERCLA 101(39). Additional criteria for proposal for Multipurpose include: The extent to which the applicant can provide an overall plan for revitalization of the 1 or more brownfield sites in the proposed area in which the multipurpose grant will be used; demonstrate capacity to conduct the range of eligible activities funded by the multipurpose grant; and demonstrate that a multipurpose grant will meet the needs of the 1 or more brownfield sites in the proposed area.
How may assistance be used?
For site-specific projects, the site must meet the definition of a brownfields site found at CERCLA 101(39). As part of the application process, EPA provides guidance to assist grant applicants in determining whether sites meet this definition. (1) The brownfield grants may be used to address sites contaminated by petroleum and hazardous substances, pollutants, or contaminants (including hazardous substances co-mingled with petroleum). (2) Brownfields Assessment Grant funds may be used to inventory, characterize, assess, and conduct planning and community involvement related to brownfield sites. (3) An RLF project grant recipient must use at least 50 percent of the awarded funds to capitalize and implement a revolving loan fund; an RLF Grant recipient may use no more than 50 percent of the awarded funds for cleanup subgrants and may not subgrant to itself. Revolving Loan Fund Grants generally are used to provide no-interest or low-interest loans for brownfields cleanups. (4) An RLF project grant recipient may use its funds to award subgrants to other eligible entities, including nonprofit organizations, for brownfield cleanups on sites owned by the subgrantee; (5) Brownfields Cleanup Grant funds must be used to carry out cleanup activities at brownfield sites that are owned by the grant recipient. (6) Multipurpose Grant projects may be used to conduct assessment and cleanup activities within a defined area. (7) Costs incurred under CERCLA 104(k) grants or cooperative agreements may not be used for a penalty or fine, a Federal cost-share requirement, a response cost for which the recipient of the grant or cooperative agreement is potentially liable under CERCLA 107, or the cost of complying with a Federal law, with the exception of the costs of laws applicable to cleanup of brownfield sites. For further information, please contact the Headquarters or regional office. Assistance agreement awards under this program may involve or relate to geospatial information. Further information regarding geospatial information may be obtained by viewing the following website: https://www.epa.gov/geospatial . Grant recipients and sub-recipients are encouraged to adopt and enforce policies that ban text messaging while driving company-owned or -rented vehicles or government-owned vehicles, or while driving privately-owned vehicles when on official government business or when performing any work for or on behalf of the government. Grant recipients and sub-recipients are encouraged to conduct initiatives of the type described in section 3(a) of the Federal Leadership on Reducing Text Messaging While Driving Executive Order that was signed on October 1, 2009.
What are the requirements after being awarded this opportunity?
Performance monitoring is in accordance with the terms and conditions
Grants and cooperative agreements are subject to inspections and audits by the Comptroller General of the United States, the EPA Office of Inspector General, other EPA staff, or any authorized representative of the Federal government. Reviews by the EPA Project Officer and the Grants Specialist may occur each year.
Record Retention Requirements of 2 CFR 200 and 1500 are applicable, depending upon the identity of the recipient and the program funded.
Other Assistance Considerations
Formula and Matching Requirements
Statutory formula is not applicable to this assistance listing.
Matching is voluntary. Matching requirements are not applicable for brownfield assessment grants. Under CERCLA 104(k)(10)(B)(iii) revolving loan fund and cleanup grants require a 20 percent cost share, which may be in the form of a contribution of money, labor, material, or services, and must be for eligible and allowable costs. Multipurpose grants require a cost share designated by the Brownfields Program. An RLF or cleanup grant applicant may request a waiver of the 20 percent cost share requirement based on financial hardship; requested will be granted on a very limited basis.
MOE requirements are not applicable to this assistance listing.
Length and Time Phasing of Assistance
The performance period for Brownfield Assessment and Cleanup cooperative agreement is three years. The performance period for Brownfields Multipurpose and Revolving Loan Fund cooperative agreements is five years. Grants are generally announced nationally and awarded by EPA Regional Offices. The Regional Offices work with the applicants to negotiate a workplan and award the cooperative agreement. These grants are generally awarded as a lump sum.
Who do I contact about this opportunity?
Regional or Local Office
Regional Brownfields Coordinators: EPA Region 1, New England, Frank Gardner, 5 Post Office Square Ste 100, Mail Code: OSRR7-2, Boston, MA 02109-3912, Phone (617) 918-1278, email@example.com; EPA Region 2, Lya Theodoratos, 290 Broadway, 18th Floor, New York, NY 10007, Phone (212) 637-3260, firstname.lastname@example.org; EPA Region 3, Felicia Fred, 1650 Arch Street; MC LD 50, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19103, Phone (215) 814-5524, email@example.com; EPA Region 4, Barbara Alfano, Sam Nunn Atlanta Federal Center, 61 Forsyth Street S.W., 10th Floor, Atlanta, GA 30303, Phone (404) 562- 8923, firstname.lastname@example.org; EPA Region 5, Matt Didier, 77 West Jackson Boulevard, Mail Code: SB-5J Chicago, Illinois 60604-3507, Phone (312) 353-2112, email@example.com; EPA Region 6, Mary Kemp, 1201 Elm Street, Suite 500, Dallas, Texas 75270-2162, Phone (214) 665-8358, firstname.lastname@example.org; EPA Region 7, Susan Klein, 11201 Renner Blvd, Lenexa, Kansas 66219, Phone (913) 551-7786, email@example.com; EPA Region 8, Dan Heffernan, 1595 Wynkoop Street (EPR-B), Denver, Colorado 80202-1129, Phone (303) 312-7074, firstname.lastname@example.org; EPA Region 9, Noemi Emeric-Ford, 600 Wilshire Blvd, Suite 1460, Los Angeles, California 90017, Phone (213) 244-1821, email@example.com; EPA Region 10, Susan Morales, 1200 Sixth Avenue, Seattle, Washington 98101, Phone (206) 553-7299, firstname.lastname@example.org
David R. Lloyd
Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Brownfields and Land Revitalization, 1200 Pennsylvania Avenue, N.W. (Mail Code: 5105T)
Washington, DC 20460 US
(Cooperative Agreements (Discretionary Grants)) FY 18$54,300,000.00; FY 19 est $56,000,000.00; FY 20 FY 17$0.00; FY 16 est $66,000,000.00; -
Range and Average of Financial Assistance
(1) For Community-wide Assessment grants, an eligible entity may apply for up to $300,000 to address sites contaminated by hazardous substances, pollutants, or contaminants (including hazardous substances co-mingled with petroleum), and sites contaminated by petroleum. For Site-specific Assessment Grants, an eligible entity may apply for up to $200,000 to address one site contaminated by hazardous substances, pollutants, or contaminants (including hazardous substances co-mingled with petroleum) and sites contaminated by petroleum. An entity may request a waiver of the $200,000 limit up to $350,000 based on the anticipated level of contamination, size, or ownership status of the site. These limits are mandatory under CERCLA 104(k)(5)(A). An Assessment Coalition of eligible entities may apply for up to $600,000 to address sites contaminated by hazardous substances or petroleum on a community-wide basis. (2) For Revolving Loan Fund grants, an eligible entity may apply for up to $1,000,000 for an initial RLF grant. This limit is mandatory under CERCLA 104(k)(5)(A). In addition, an RLF coalition of eligible entities may apply together under one recipient for up to $1,000,000 per agreements. (3) For Cleanup grants, an eligible entity may apply for up to $500,000 per site. The $500,000 per site limit is mandatory under CERCLA 104(k)(3)(A) as amended by the BUILD ACT of 2018. (4) For Multipurpose grants, an eligible entity may apply for up to $800,000 to address one or more brownfield sites contaminated by hazardous substances, pollutants, or contaminants (including hazardous substances co-mingled with petroleum), and sites contaminated by petroleum.
Regulations, Guidelines and Literature
For Brownfields Multipurpose, Assessment, Revolving Loan Fund, and Cleanup Grants, costs will be determined in accordance with 2 CFR 200 and 1500 as applicable. The Agency will periodically publish guidance for brownfields grant proposals.
Examples of Funded Projects
Fiscal Year 2016
No content available. (1) 145 assessment grants were selected to complete brownfield site inventories, Phase I & II environmental site assessments and community engagement activities. (2) 59 cleanup grants were selected to cleanup contaminated properties. End uses include neighborhood development, commercial development, arts center, business park, wellness center/clinic, community health center, theater, and office space. These period of performance for these cooperative agreements are anticipated to be from 10/01/16 to 9/30/19. (3) 14 revolving loan fund grants were selected for recipients to establish a loan program that will capitalize and provide loans to eligible subrecipients to cleanup contaminated properties. These period of performance for these cooperative agreements are anticipated to be from 10/01/16 to 9/30/21.Fiscal Year 2018
Funding supported 169 assessment cooperative agreements (estimated $37.5 million) that recipients may use to inventory, assess, cleanup and plan reuse at brownfield sites. Funding support 41 direct cleanup cooperative agreements (estimated $8 million) to enable eligible entities to clean up properties that the recipient owns. Funding support 11 competitive RLF cooperative agreements (estimated at $8.7 million) and 33 RLF supplemental awards (estimated at $15.7 million) to capitalize a revolving loan fund and provide subgrants to carry out cleanup activities at brownfield sites.