Bioenergy Program


The goals of the Bioenergy Program are to encourage increased purchases of eligible commodities for the purpose of expanding production of such bioenergy and support new production capacity for such bioenergy.

General information about this opportunity
Last Known Status
Deleted 08/20/2009 (Archived.)
Program Number
Federal Agency/Office
Type(s) of Assistance Offered
Direct Payments for Specified Use.
Program Accomplishments
Title IX, Section 9010, Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 and Section 5(e) of the CCC Charter Act, 15 U.S.C. 714c.
Who is eligible to apply/benefit from this assistance?
Applicant Eligibility
All bioenergy producers are eligible to participate in the program. To participate, ethanol producers must provide USDA with evidence of increased production of bioenergy and increased purchase and utilization of agricultural commodities related to that increased production. Biodiesel producers must provide evidence of production and purchase and utilization of agricultural commodities related to that production.
Beneficiary Eligibility
Bioenergy producers.
USDA will collect information from bioenergy producers that request payments under the Bioenergy Program as the Secretary may require to ensure that benefits are paid only to eligible bioenergy producers for eligible commodities. Bioenergy producers seeking program payments will have to meet minimum requirements by providing information concerning the production of bioenergy. Applicants must certify that they will abide by the Bioenergy Program Agreement's provisions. This program is excluded from coverage under OMB Circular No. A-87.
What is the process for applying and being award this assistance?
Pre-Application Procedure
There is no preapplication coordination related to this program. This program is excluded from coverage under E.O. 12372.
Application Procedure
The Bioenergy Program sign-up period is from August 1 through August 31, or as announced. To participate in the program, producers must complete a Bioenergy Program Agreement, Form CCC 850 and Bioenergy Program Annual Production Information, Form CCC-850 Supplement.
Award Procedure
Bioenergy producers who expect to have eligible production at any time during a FY must enroll in the program during or before the applicable FY's sign-up period. For example, a producer with a new plant that is expected to become operational in July 2003 must enroll that plant in the program during FY 2003's sign-up period to be eligible to receive program payments on that new production during 2003.
Approval/Disapproval Decision Time
1 to 30 days.
Any participant who is subject to an adverse determination may appeal the determination by filing a written request with the Deputy Administrator at the following address: Deputy Administrator, Commodity Operations, Farm Service Agency, United States Department of Agriculture, STOP 0550, 1400 Independence Avenue, SW., Washington, DC 20250-0550. To receive consideration, the participant must file the appeal within 30 days after written notice of the decision, which is the subject of the appeal, is mailed or otherwise made available to the participant. An appeal shall be considered to have been filed when personally delivered in writing to the Deputy Administrator or when the properly addressed request, postage paid, is postmarked. The Deputy Administrator may accept and act upon an appeal even though it is not timely filed if, in the judgement of the Deputy Administrator, circumstances warrant such action.
How are proposals selected?
(1) All fuel ethanol production is eligible; however, ethanol under 200 proof will be converted to 200 proof gallons before payment calculations are made; (2) Ethanol producers must produce and sell ethanol commercially and have authority from the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives to produce ethanol for fuel or sell denatured ethanol rendered unfit for beverage use; (3) Biodiesel producers must produce and sell biodiesel commercially, and the biodiesel must be a mono alkyl ester manufactured in the United States that meets the American Society for Testing and Materials Standard's biodiesel standard.
How may assistance be used?
Bioenergy producers may increase their purchases of eligible commodities as compared to the previous fiscal year purchases and convert that commodity into increased commercial fuel grade ethanol and biodiesel production as compared to previous fiscal year ethanol and biodiesel production. The Program defines eligible commodities as barley, corn, grain sorghum, oats, rice, wheat, soybeans, sunflower seed, canola, crambe, rapeseed, safflower, sesame seed, flaxseed, mustard seed, and cellulosic crops, such as switchgrass and short rotation trees, grown on farms, for the purpose of producing ethanol and/or biodiesel or any other commodity or commodity by-product as determined and announced by CCC used in ethanol and biodiesel production which is produced in the United States and its territories.
What are the requirements after being awarded this opportunity?
Multiple FY Agreements require annual production estimate reports to be submitted during each applicable FY sign-up period. Such reports must comply with the terms of the Agreement and Bioenergy Program regulations. In all cases, the accounting for compliance will be made on a per FY basis.
Participants under this program are subject to audit by the Office of the Regional Inspector General, U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Bioenergy producers or any other individual or entity receiving payments for Bioenergy Program shall maintain and retain financial books and records which will permit verification of all transactions for at least 3 years, following the end of the calendar year in which payments were received.
Other Assistance Considerations
Formula and Matching Requirements
USDA will pay eligible producers up to $150 million each FY on a quarterly basis. Payments to each producer are capped at 5 percent of available funding (up to $7.5 million) each FY. USDA will base ethanol payments on the increase in ethanol production compared to the previous FY's production and biodiesel payments on the biodiesel production each FY. Payments will be structured to encourage participation of producers with less than 65 million gallons annual production capacity. Producers with total annual production of: (a) less than 65 million gallons are reimbursed 1 feedstock unit for every 2.5 used for increased production; (b) 65 million gallons or more are reimbursed 1 feedstock unit for every 3.5 used for increased production. In addition, biodiesel producers are reimbursed for base production at 50 percent the rate of increased production. If the applications exceed the program's available funding, USDA will apply a factor to payments to hold program expenditures to available funding for the applicable FY.
Length and Time Phasing of Assistance
The program is funded at up to $150 million each FY for FYs 2003 through 2006.
Who do I contact about this opportunity?
Regional or Local Office
Headquarters Office
U.S. Department of Agriculture, Farm Service Agency, Kansas City Commodity Office, Contract Reconciliation Division, P.O. Box 419205, STOP 8758, Kansas City, MO 64141-6205. Telephone: 816-926-6525.
Website Address
Financial Information
Account Identification
(Includes CCC transfer funds) From FY 03 through FY 06 estimated to be $150,000,000 per FY.
Range and Average of Financial Assistance
Not applicable.
Regulations, Guidelines and Literature
Program is announced through news media and is posted on Farm Service Agency website. Regulations published in Title IX, Section 9010, Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002. Bioenergy Program fact sheet may be located online at
Examples of Funded Projects
Not applicable.


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