The Hazardous Materials Transportation Safety and Security Reauthorization Act of 2005 authorizes the DOT to provide assistance to public sector employees through training and planning grants to States, Territories, and federally recognized Native American Tribes for emergency response. The purpose of this grant program is to increase State, Territorial, Tribal, and local effectiveness in safely and efficiently handling hazardous materials incidents, enhance implementation of the Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act of 1986 (EPCRA), and encourage a comprehensive approach to emergency training and planning by incorporating the unique challenges of responses to transportation situations. The HMEP program is authorized under 49 United States Code (U.S.C.) ĂÂ‚Ă‚Â§ 5116 and is governed by program regulations at 49 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) 110 and Federal grants administration regulations, now organized at 2 CFR Part 200. Training and planning are the two components of the HMEP grant program. Applicants are encouraged to request funds to conduct one or both components in a single application package. PHMSA streamlines the grant process by awarding funds for both sections in one grant award document.